Class Of Chemical Compounds That Contain Carbon Atoms Bonded To Hydrogen Atoms
Organic compounds are a vast class of chemical compounds that contain carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms, along with other elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens. Carbon is the key element in organic compounds and is unique in its ability to form long chains and complex structures due to its bonding properties.
Organic compounds are found in living organisms and are the basis of life on Earth. They are the primary constituents of biomolecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Additionally, organic compounds can be synthesized in laboratories and have numerous industrial applications.
The study of organic compounds is known as organic chemistry. Organic chemists investigate the properties, structures, composition, reactions, and synthesis of organic compounds. They explore a wide range of organic molecules, including simple hydrocarbons like methane and ethane, as well as highly complex molecules like DNA and proteins.
It's important to note that not all compounds containing carbon are considered organic. For example, certain carbon-containing compounds like carbonates, cyanides, and carbides are classified as inorganic compounds rather than organic compounds. The distinction between organic and inorganic compounds is based on historical and traditional practices, as well as the presence of carbon-hydrogen bonds in organic compounds.