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Silver Nitrate Chemical Compound Properties
- PubChem CID: 24470
- Molecular Weight: 169.873 g/mol
- Molecular Formula: AgNO3
- Silver Nitrate Solubility: Silver Nitrate is highly soluble in water but is poorly soluble in most organic solvents, except acetonitrile (111.8 mg/100 g, 25°C).
- Density: 4.35 g/cm³
- Boiling point: 824°F (440°C)
- Melting point: 413.6°F (212°C)
What Is A Silver Nitrate 0.1N Solution?
A Silver Nitrate 0.1N solution is 16.987 grams diluted to a volume of 1 liter. Although you can purchase Silver Nitrate 0.1N Solution from LabAlley.com, you can also prepare it yourself. For information on the preparation and standardization of 0.1 n silver nitrate, click here. For information from the ACS on standardizing silver nitrate volumetric solutions, click here.
The chemical formula for Silver Nitrate is AgNO3. Silver Nitrate is an inorganic chemical with antiseptic activity. Silver nitrate appears as a colorless or white crystalline solid becoming black on exposure to light or organic material. Silver nitrate can potentially be used as a cauterizing or sclerosing agent. Silver Nitrate is used to feminize seeds of medicinal and botanical plants.
Silver Nitrate Uses
- Silver Nitrate Ointment : Silver Nitrate is a prescription topical solution used in treating wounds and burns on the skin as an anti-infective agent.
- Silver Nitrate Cream: Silver Nitrate Cream is used to cauterize infected tissues around a skin wound.
- In Photographic Film: Silver Nitrate is used in film and photography because it turns black when exposed to light.
- Silver Nitrate For Burns: Silver Nitrate Cream is used to treat burns. Topical antimicrobials for the prevention and treatment of burn wound infection include silver nitrate.
- In Medicine: Silver nitrate is used to cauterize superficial blood vessels in the nose to help prevent nose bleeds. Dentists sometimes use silver nitrate-infused swabs to heal oral ulcers. Silver nitrate is used by some podiatrists to kill cells located in the nail bed.
- Silver Nitrate Sticks For Wound Care: A caustic pencil (or silver nitrate stick) is a device for applying topical medication containing silver nitrate and potassium nitrate, used to chemically cauterize skin, providing hemostasis or permanently destroying unwanted tissue such as a wart, skin tag, aphthous ulcers, or over-production of granulation tissue. Silver nitrate applicators (sticks) are firm wooden sticks with 75% silver nitrate and 25% potassium nitrate embedded on the tip. Moistening the tip sparks a chemical reaction that burns organic matter (skin), coagulates tissue, and destroys bacteria.
- Silver Nitrate On Skin: A Topical solution of Silver Nitrate (for use on the skin) is used to cauterize infected tissues around a skin wound. Silver nitrate can also help create a scab to help stop bleeding from a minor skin wound.
- Reagent: Silver Nitrate is used in the industrial preparation of other silver salts, and as a reagent in analytical chemistry.
- For Biology: In histology, silver nitrate is used for silver staining, for demonstrating reticular fibers, proteins and nucleic acids. For this reason it is also used to demonstrate proteins in PAGE gels. It can be used as a stain in scanning electron microscopy.
- Agriculture: Silver nitrate is a frequently used chemical in several areas in agriculture including control of plant growth, flowering development and dormancy. Silver nitrate promotes shoot development and plant regeneration.
- For Flowers: Silver Nitrate is used to extend the useful lifetime of commercial cut flowers.
- For Silver Plating And Electroplating
- Organic Synthesis: Silver Nitrate is used to separate mixtures of alkenes by selective absorption.
Silver Nitrate Hazards And Safety Information
Concentrated solutions of silver nitrate will produce irritation, ulceration, and discoloration of the skin; also causes severe irritation of the eyes. Ingestion will produce violent abdominal pain and other gastroenteric symptoms. The major hazards encountered in the use and handling of silver nitrate stem from its toxicologic properties. Toxic by all routes (ie, inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact), exposure to this odorless, colorless-to-white, crystalline substance may occur from its use in silver-plating, in photography, in the manufacture of inks, paints, pigments, and dyes, as an analytical reagent and as an antiseptic. Effects from exposure may include contact burns to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, argyria (a blue-gray discoloration of skin), mild chronic bronchitis, and death from large ingested doses. To safely store silver nitrate, it should be separated from combustible substances and reducing agents.
Despite its common usage in extremely low concentrations to prevent gonorrhea and control nose bleeds, silver nitrate is still very toxic and corrosive. Brief exposure will not produce any immediate side effects other than the purple, brown or black stains on the skin, but upon constant exposure to high concentrations, side effects will be noticeable, which include burns. Long-term exposure may cause eye damage. Silver nitrate is known to be a skin and eye irritant. Silver nitrate has not been thoroughly investigated for potential carcinogenic effect.