pH Buffer Solutions
Pevent A Rapid Change In pH When Acids Or Bases Are Added To A Solution
LabAlley.com sells pH Buffer Solutions online including the following: pH 1, pH2, pH3, pH4, pH 5.5, pH6 reference Standard, pH7, Phosphate Buffer, pH8, pH9, pH10, Ammonium Chloride-Hydroxide Buffers, TISAB Buffer Solution, Acetate Buffer, APHA, TEA (triethylamine) Citrole Buffer for CM75 and Fluoride Buffer.
A buffer solution (more precisely, pH buffer or hydrogen ion buffer) is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa. Its pH changes very little when a small amount of strong acid or base is added to it. Buffer solutions are used as a means of keeping pH at a nearly constant value in a wide variety of chemical applications. In nature, there are many systems that use buffering for pH regulation. For example, the bicarbonate buffering system is used to regulate the pH of blood.
A buffering agent is a weak acid or base used to maintain the acidity (pH) of a solution near a chosen value after the addition of another acid or base. That is, the function of a buffering agent is to prevent a rapid change in pH when acids or bases are added to the solution. Buffering agents have variable properties—some are more soluble than others; some are acidic while others are basic. As pH managers, they are important in many chemical applications, including agriculture, food processing, biochemistry, medicine and photography.