Ammonium chloride is not expensive compared to most chemicals ordered online here. In granular form, the price of ammonium chloride atLabAlley.com(04/19/20) ranges from $8 for 3 ounces to $154 for 26 pounds. One pound of ammonium chloride costs $15.
Ammonium chlorideis an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water. Solutions of ammonium chloride are mildly acidic. Sal ammoniac is a name of the natural, mineralogical form of ammonium chloride.Read more here.
Ammonium chloride is a systemic andurinary acidifying salt. Ammonium chloride helps maintain pH and exerts a mild diuretic effect. This acid forming salt also exerts an expectorant effect by irritating the mucous membranes and is used for alleviation of cough.Read more here.
Ammonium chloride is awhite crystalline solid. It is soluble in water(37%). The primary hazard is the threat posed to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. It is used to make other ammonium compounds, as a soldering flux, as a fertilizer, and for many other uses.Read more here.
Ammonium chloride is used as a systemic acidifying agent in treatment of severe metabolic alkalosis, in oral acid loading test to diagnose distal renal tubular acidosis, to maintain the urine at an acid pH in the treatment of some urinary-tract disorders.Read more here.
They are using a solution of Ammonium Chloride, applied with a foam stamp, then heated. When it is heated it breaks down to ammonia gas and hydrochloric acid, burning the surface. The advantage here is that you can easily use a stamp to create patterns whereas doing it by hand might be difficult. Get more information on wood burning with ammonium chloridehere.
Ammonium chloride increases acidity by increasing the amount ofhydrogen ion concentrations. Ammonium chloride is used as an expectorant in cough medicine. Its expectorant action is caused by irritative action on the bronchial mucosa, which causes the production of excess respiratory tract fluid, which presumably is easier to cough up.Read more here.
The application of ammonium chloride in bothhuman and veterinary medicineis primarily for acidifying the urine and increasing the rate of urine flow, but it is also widely used as a secretory expectorant and cilia augmenter. This is probably achieved by directly or indirectly increasing the beat frequencies of the cilia in the respiratory tract, but the exact mode of action or the mechanism involved is poorly understood.
Exposure to Ammonium Chloride is moderately hazardous, causing irritation, shortness of breath, cough, nausea, and headache. Most exposure is a result of contact with the fume form of this chemical (Ammonium Muriate Fume and Sal Ammoniac Fume), which is a finely divided particulate dispersed in the air.Read more here.
Formula and structure: The ammonium chloride chemical formula is NH4Cl and its molar mass is 53.490 g mol-1. The molecule is formed by 2 potassium cations K1+ and 1 dichromate anion Cr2O72-. It is found in both forms: the anhydrous and the three hydrate. Its lattice structure is triclinic.Read more here.
NH4Cl adopts the caesium chloride structure. The NH4+ cation occupies the cubic site at the centre of the cell and is able to hydrogen bond with the Cl– ions at the corners of the cell.Read more here.
Ammonium chloride is a neutral salt but its solution is slightly acidic because ammonium ion (NH4+) is a strong conjugate acid of a weak base ammonia and chloride ion (Cl−) is weak conjugate base of strong acid HCl.Read more here.
As mentioned in the other answer, NH4Cl is an “acidic” salt, formed by the neutralization of a strong acid (HCl) with a weak base (NH3). Therefore, when the salt is completely dissociated in an aqueous solution, it forms NH4+ and Cl- ions.Read more here.
Add 1 ounce of ammonium chloride for every ounce of SubZero that you used. So, for example, if you used 10 ounces of SubZero (to dissolve 10 ounces of metal), then add 10 ounces of ammonium chloride. Put the solution aside. The platinum will complete its precipitation in about 1-3 hours.Read more here.
Fatima Lopez, 29, of Platinum Sanitation, sprays an ammonium chloride disinfectant on heavily touched surfaces and floors while sanitizing Super Fresh Market in Waukegan. Platinum Events, a Northbrook-based events company, has pivoted to Platinum Sanitation during the coronavirus pandemic. Fatima Lopez, 29, from left, Cesar Perez, 24, and Alma Rosales, 25, of Platinum Sanitation, put on protective gear before spraying an ammonium chloride disinfectant on surfaces and floors at Super Fresh Market in Waukegan.Read more here.
Ammonium is largely found in a range of salts like ammonium chloride, ammonium carbonate and ammonium nitrate. Most of the ammonium salts dissolves in water. ... Ammonia gives out a strong smell whereas Ammonium does not smell at all. Ammonia is toxic or harmful to aquatic organisms.Read more here.
Sublimation is the process in which a solid substance is directly converted to the gaseous phase, without the intermediate liquid phase. Similarly, ammonium chloride undergoes sublimation. When ammonium chloride is heated, it gets converted into ammonia and hydrochloric acid.Read more here.
Add 1 (one) pound of Ammonium Chloride to every 100 (one hundred) pounds of feed, or, provide one teaspoon of Ammonium Chloride per goat, per day. Typical administration by this method is one teaspoon per one to two gallons of water per day, per goat.Read more here.
Ammonium Chloride is used for ruminants (cattle, sheep and goats) only. Added to rations to help control and prevent urinary calculi in male sheep and goats. This product contains not less than 25.6% nitrogen (equivalent to 160% crude protein). This product is to be used only in feed for cattle, sheep, goats and as a source of non-protein nitrogen at a level not to exceed 1.0% ammonium chloride in the total daily ration to provide not more than 1.6% equivalent crude protein.Read more here.
Ammonium chloride (brand names: UriKare®, Uroeze®, Acidax®) is aurine acidifierused to treat metabolic alkalosis, dissolve certain types or urinary stones (struvite stones), treat certain toxicities, or increase the effectiveness of certain antimicrobials.
Ammonium chloride is prepared commercially by combining ammonia (NH3) with either hydrogen chloride (gas) or hydrochloric acid (water solution): NH3 + HCl → NH4Cl. Ammonium chloride occurs naturally in volcanic regions, forming on volcanic rocks near fume-releasing vents (fumaroles).Read more here.
The effect of ammonium chloride on the multiplication of herpes simplex virus type 1 in Vero cells. The multiplication of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in Vero cells is inhibited by ammonium chloride. The formation of infectious virus was inhibited immediately after the addition of the agent into the culture fluid and was restored by removal of the agent. Although neither viral DNA replication nor nucleocapsid formation were affected by the addition of ammonium chloride at 4 h postinfection, the agent markedly inhibited the formation of enveloped particles and completely the formation of infectious progeny virus. These results indicate that one of the effects of ammonium chloride on the multiplication of HSV-1 is the inhibition of envelopment of viral nucleocapsids. In addition, the envelopment of HSV-1 nucleocapsids was inhibited immediately after the addition of monensin into the culture fluid. These findings suggest the importance of acidic pH of an intracellular compartment in the envelopment of HSV-1.Read more here.
Ammonium chloride is the salt component of ammonium chloride-ammonium hydroxide buffer system that completely inhibits the BVDV infection of MDBK cells when present at a concentration of 50 mM. Viruses treated with ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) results in loss of infectivity because it neutralizes the pH of endosome. Hence, viruses with low pH-dependent fusion activity became incapable to fuse their envelope with endosomal membrane. Read more here.
Cellular mechanisms of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) entry in MDBK cells were investigated. Chloroquine, bafilomycin A1, or ammonium chloride inhibited BVDV infection, indicating that an acidic endosomal pH is required for BVDV entry. Read more here.
Recently, it has become evident that entry of some retroviruses into host cells is dependent upon a vesicle-localized, low-pH step. The entry mechanism of equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) has yet to be examined. Here, we demonstrate that wild-type strains of EIAV require a low-pH step for productive entry. Lysosomotropic agents that inhibit the acidification of internal vesicles inhibited productive entry of EIAV. The presence of ammonium chloride (30 mM), monensin (30 μM), or bafilomycin A (50 nM) in the medium dramatically decreased the number of EIAV antigen-positive cells. We found that a low-pH step was required for EIAV infection of tissue culture cell lines as well as primary cells, such as endothelial cells and monocyte-derived macrophages. The ammonium chloride treatment did not reduce virion stability, nor did the treatment prevent virion binding to cells. Consistent with a requirement for a low-pH step, virion infectivity was enhanced more than threefold by brief low-pH treatment following binding of viral particles to permissive cells. A superinfecting variant strain of EIAV, vMA-1c, did not require a low-pH step for productive infection of fibroblasts. However, lysosomotropic agents were inhibitory to vMA-1c infection in the other cell types that vMA-1c infected but did not superinfect, indicating that the entry pathway used by vMA-1c for superinfection abrogates the need for the low-pH step.
The glycoproteins of enveloped viruses bind to cellular receptors to facilitate entry. Following receptor interactions, enveloped viruses must induce membrane fusion to deliver the viral capsid into the target cell. Some viral glycoprotein-cellular receptor interactions can induce direct membrane fusion between the viral and cellular membranes that is independent of a low-pH step.
Examples of such viruses are Sendai virus, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), and human T-cell leukemia virus. In contrast, other enveloped viruses enter the cell through vesicle uptake and require an acidic environment to undergo cell-virus membrane fusion. Examples of low-pH-dependent viruses include influenza virus, alpha viruses, and rhabdoviruses. Recently, several retroviruses, including foamy virus, avian leukosis virus, and mouse mammary tumor virus, have been shown to enter cells through a low-pH mechanism. Read more here.
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water. Solutions of ammonium chloride are mildly acidic. Sal ammoniac is a name of the natural, mineralogical form of ammonium chloride. The mineral is commonly formed on burning coal dumps from condensation of coal-derived gases. It is also found around some types of volcanic vents. It is mainly used as fertilizer and a flavouring agent in some types of liquorice. It is the product from the reaction of hydrochloric acid and ammonia.
The dominant application of ammonium chloride is as a nitrogen source in fertilizers (corresponding to 90% of the world production of ammonium chloride) such as chloroammonium phosphate. The main crops fertilized this way are rice and wheat in Asia. Ammonium chloride was used in pyrotechnics in the 18th century but was superseded by safer and less hygroscopic chemicals. Its purpose was to provide a chlorine donor to enhance the green and blue colours from copper ions in the flame. It had a secondary use to provide white smoke, but its ready double decomposition reaction with potassium chlorate producing the highly unstable ammonium chlorate made its use very dangerous.
Ammonium chloride is used as a flux in preparing metals to be tin coated, galvanized or soldered. It works as a flux by cleaning the surface of workpieces by reacting with the metal oxides at the surface to form a volatile metal chloride. For that purpose, it is sold in blocks at hardware stores for use in cleaning the tip of a soldering iron, and it can also be included in solder as flux.
Ammonium chloride is used as an expectorant in cough medicine. Its expectorant action is caused by irritative action on the bronchial mucosa, which causes the production of excess respiratory tract fluid, which presumably is easier to cough up. Ammonium salts are an irritant to the gastric mucosa and may induce nausea and vomiting.
Ammonium chloride is used as a systemic acidifying agent in treatment of severe metabolic alkalosis, in oral acid loading test to diagnose distal renal tubular acidosis, to maintain the urine at an acid pH in the treatment of some urinary-tract disorders.
Ammonium chloride, under the name sal ammoniac or salmiak is used as food additive under the E number E510, working as a yeast nutrient in breadmaking and as an acidifier. It is a feed supplement for cattle and an ingredient in nutritive media for yeasts and many microorganisms.
Ammonium chloride is used to spice up dark sweets called salmiak (popular in Nordic and other nearby countries), in baking to give cookies a very crisp texture, and in the liquor Salmiakki Koskenkorva for flavouring. In Iran, Tajikistan, India, Pakistan and Arab countries it is called "Noshader" and is used to improve the crispness of snacks such as samosas and jalebi.
Ammonium chloride has been used historically to produce low temperatures in cooling baths. Ammonium chloride solutions with ammonia are used as buffer solutions including ACK (Ammonium-Chloride-Potassium) lysis buffer.
In paleontology, ammonium chloride vapor is deposited on fossils, where the substance forms a brilliant white, easily removed and fairly harmless and inert layer of tiny crystals. That covers up any coloration the fossil may have, and if lighted at an angle highly enhances contrast in photographic documentation of three-dimensional specimens. The same technique is applied in archaeology to eliminate reflection on glass and similar specimens for photography. In organic synthesis saturated NH4Cl solution is typically used to quench reaction mixtures.
Giant squid and some other large squid species maintain neutral buoyancy in seawater through an ammonium chloride solution which is found throughout their bodies and is less dense than seawater. This differs from the method of flotation used by most fish, which involves a gas-filled swim bladder.
Around the turn of the 20th century, ammonium chloride was used in aqueous solution as the electrolyte in Leclanché cells that found a commercial use as the "local battery" in subscribers' telephone installations. Those cells later evolved into zinc–carbon batteries still using ammonium chloride as electrolyte.
Ammonium chloride is used in a ~5% aqueous solution to work on oil wells with clay swelling problems. Other uses include in hair shampoo, in the glue that bonds plywood, and in cleaning products. In hair shampoo, it is used as a thickening agent in ammonium-based surfactant systems such as ammonium lauryl sulfate. Ammonium chloride is used in the textile and leather industry, in dyeing, tanning, textile printing and cotton clustering. In woodworking, a solution of ammonium chloride and water, when applied to unfinished wood, will burn when subjected to a heat gun resulting in a branding iron mark without use of a branding iron. The solution can be painted onto the wood or applied with a common rubber stamp.
The earliest mention of ammonium chloride was in 554 A.D. in China. At that time, ammonium chloride came from two sources: (1) the vents of underground coal fires in Central Asia, specifically, in the Tian Shan mountains (which extend from Xinjiang province of northwestern China through Kyrgyzstan) as well as in the Alay (or Alai) mountains of southwestern Kyrgyzstan, and (2) the fumaroles of the volcano Mount Taftan in southeastern Iran. (Indeed, the word for ammonium chloride in several Asian languages derives from the Iranian phrase anosh adur (immortal fire), a reference to the underground fires.) Ammonium chloride was then transported along the Silk Road eastwards to China and westwards to the Muslim lands and Europe. Around 800 A.D. the Arabs of Egypt discovered ammonium chloride in the soot that resulted from burning camel dung, and this source became an alternative to those in Central Asia.
Adding ammonium chloride to a ration at the rate of 0.5 percent (8 to 10 pounds per ton), or about 0.25 ounces per head per day, is one of the most effective methods of controlling urinary calculi. Ammonium chloride can be included in pelleted or ground concentrate rations during the entire feeding period, but it cannot be effectively mixed with whole-grain rations because it settles out and is not consumed. Ammonium chloride also can be used as a drench for affected animals. Use up to 1.5 ounces per head, but administer only once at that level. Smooth-muscle relaxants may aid in passage of lodged calculi stones. Calculi also can be removed by surgery, but this is not practical for commercial sheep.Read more here.
Add 1 (one) tablespoon of Ammonium Chloride to 1 (one) to 2 (two) cups of water and drench the goat with the entire contents, daily. Provide plenty of fresh water as well after treatment. The key to using Ammonium Chloride and ultimately curing Urinary Calculi, is to keep the goat urinating as frequently as possible.Read more here.
Acidification of the urine may be achieved by the feeding of acid forming salts. It is recommended to supplement ammonium chloride daily at a rate of 0.25 oz. to sheep, or 1.0 to 1.5 oz. to finishing cattle. Urine volume may be increased by including salt at a level higher than normal in the diet. Levels up to 4 percent of the total diet have been used for this purpose. An increase in urine volume is dependent upon increased water consumption, and the importance of an adequate water supply is obvious. It is recommended that phosphorus levels and calcium to phosphorus ratios, as previously outlined, be controlled in a feeding program. Use of ammonium chloride should be considered when ration changes involving phosphorus and calcium have not achieved desired results. An increase in urine volume through the feeding of a high level of salt has proved to be the least effective of the preventative methods for phosphatic urinary calculi. However, it is sometimes used as an adjunct to practices that reduce urine phosphorus.Read more here.
Ammonium Chloride is a systemic and urinary acidifying salt. Ammonium chloride helps maintain pH and exerts a mild diuretic effect. This acid forming salt also exerts an expectorant effect by irritating the mucous membranes and is used for alleviation of cough. Ammonium chloride is a white crystalline solid.Read more here.
Exposure to ammonium chlorideis moderately hazardous, causing irritation, shortness of breath, cough, nausea, and headache. Most exposure is a result of contact with the fume form of this chemical (Ammonium Muriate Fume and Sal Ammoniac Fume), which is a finely divided particulate dispersed in the air.
Strange but Edible: Black Licorice with Ammonium Chloride. When foodies talk about salt, they are usually referring to a blend of chemicals that is dominated by sodium chloride, but a Northern European treat, called salmiakki by the Finnish, is made from a different edible ionic compound —ammonium chloride.
Ammonium chloride, under the name sal ammoniac or salmiak is used asfood additiveunder the E number E510, working as a yeast nutrient in breadmaking and as an acidifier. It is a feed supplement for cattle and an ingredient in nutritive media for yeasts and many microorganisms.
Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl, CAS no. ... In addition to its acidifying capacity ammonium chloride is employed as an expectorant, the recommended oral dosage for horses being 4 to 15 g/animal every 12 to 24 hours. The substance is a frequent ingredient of cough remedies intended for animals as well as humans.Read more here.
When you dissolve ammonium chloride crystals in water (H2O), the ammonium chloride compound decomposes into its component ions: NH4+ and Cl-. The dissociation chemical reaction is: NH4Cl(solid) = NH4+(aqueous) + Cl-(aqueous). NH4+(aqueous) +H2O(liquid) = NH3(aqueous) +H3O+(aqueous) H3O+ +OH- = 2H2O.Read more here.
However, it is not just chlorine bleach and ammonia that can create this toxic gas. ... To make things even more complicated there are many cleaning products that don't contain liquid ammonia, but contain ammoniate salts, which are listed on the label with names beginning with "ammonium," such as ammonium chloride.Read more here.
NH4Cl + KOH → KCl + NH3 + H2O | Ammonium chloride react with potassium hydroxide to produce potassium chloride, ammonia and water. Ammonium chloride and potassium hydroxide - concentrated solutions. The reaction takes place in a boiling solution.Read more here.
With the addition of alcohol to the quaternary ammonium chlorides, kill times for microorganisms is faster thus contributing to an overall faster contact time. The alcohol-quat formulations are tuberculocidal thus classified as intermediate level disinfectants.Read more here.
Ammonium chloride, also known as Sal ammoniac, is a compound of ammonia (NH3) and chlorine (Cl). ... This compound is a water-soluble salt of ammonia, and aqueous ammonium chloride is slightly acidic. Ammonium chloride is produced commercially by reacting ammonia (NH3) with hydrochloric acid (HCl): NH3 +HCl = NH4Cl.Read more here.
The reaction between Ammonium Chloride and Sodium Hydroxide produces some new compounds like Ammonia, Water and Sodium Chloride. In this reaction when Ammonium Chloride reacts with Sodium Hydroxide in the lab to form NH3 (Ammonia), NaCl (Sodium Chloride) and H2O (water). In this reaction Ammonia gas liberates.Read more here.
The reaction of ammonium and nitrite ions produces a highly exothermic in situ nitrogen generation system (NGS). When ammonium chloride and sodium nitrite are used, this reaction is considered “green” because nitrogen and sodium chloride are the main products of the reaction (eq 1).Read more here.
Amonium chloride has the formula NH4Cl while silver nitrate has the formula AgNO3. Because both compounds are made up of a cation-anion pair, it can be safely assumed that you are dealin with a double diplacement reaction (unless you were told that this is a redox reaction).Read more here.
For ammonium chloride (USEPA/OPP Pesticide Code: 129014) there are 0 labels match. /SRP: Not registered for current use in the U.S., but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses.
As a flux in zinc and tin plating; electroplating, electrolytic refining of zinc; etching solutions in manufacture of printed circuit boards; in dry and Leclanche batteries; as a nitrogen source for fertilization of rice and wheat, manufacturing of explosives; flame suppressant; hardener for formaldehyde-based adhesives; mordant for dyes and printing.
Dry batteries, mordant (dyeing and printing), soldering flux, manufacturing of various ammonia compounds, fertilizer, pickeling agent in zinc coating and tinning, electroplating, washing powders, melt-retarding snow treatment, production of urea-formaldehyde resins and adhesives, bakery products.
Removal of aldehyde in gas
Cotton dessicant /Former/
Used for shale stabilization /drilling fluids/.
Used in salt substitutes to modify bitter aftertaste.
Clinically, 5% to 10% aq. solution has occasionally been used to irrigate surface of eye in treatment of chemical burns.
A good fertilizer for important crops in rainy climates, particularly for rice.
As an activator in chromizing process
Intensifier when used with ammonium nitrate as a dessicant or defoliant. Fire suppressant in aluminum phosphide and magnesium phosphide formulations.
Industrial use: galvanizing procedures, fertilizer, electroplating, soldering, manufacture of dry batteries, deodorizer cleaners (Lysol, Swish Toilet Bowl Cleaner); may be useful in bromide toxicity.
Ammonium chloride is used in flux for coating sheet iron with zinc, in safety explosives, medicine, and in cement for iron pipes. In addition, it is utilized in tinning, dyeing, electroplating and tanning.
The chief uses of ammonium chloride include manufacture of ... urea/formaldehyde resins
The Imperial smelting process ... used particularly for mixed zinc-lead ores ... /uses/ ammonium chloride treatment to remove dross
A widely used yeast food ... /may contain/ 9.4% ammonium chloride
Ion exchange ... has proven to be effective in the separation of high purity rare earths ... . The rare earths are recovered by elution using a concentrated solution of a monovalent salt, for example, ammonium chloride.
Hydraulic fracturing uses a specially blended liquid which is pumped into a well under extreme pressure causing cracks in rock formations underground. These cracks in the rock then allow oil and natural gas to flow, increasing resource production. ... Although there are dozens to hundreds of chemicals which could be used as additives, there are a limited number which are routinely used in hydraulic fracturing. ... Chemical Name: Quaternary ammonium chloride (CAS: 12125-02-9); Chemical Purpose: Eliminates bacteria in the water that produces corrosive by-products; Product Function: Biocide.
Ammonium chloride has been identified as being used in hydraulic fracturing as a crosslinker.
Both oil base and water base fracturing fluids are being used in the fracturing industry. Water base, which includes alcohol-water mixtures and low strength acids, make up the majority of treating fluids. The common chemicals added to these fluids are polymers for viscosity development, crosslinkers for viscosity enhancement, pH control chemicals, gel breakers for polymer degradation following the treatment, surfactants, clay stabilizers, alcohol, bactericides, fluid loss additives and friction reducer.