How Chemicals Are Made, Sold, Priced, Bought, Shipped And Used In The US

Top Chemicals Made In The US | Lists | Chemical Industry Insights | Regulatory Info | Chemical Usage | Buyers | Sellers | Prices On Toxic Substances


How Chemicals And Chemical Ingredients Are Produced, Packaged, Marketed, Priced, Purchased, Shipped And Used In The USA In 2019

Recent Chemical Industry News

Trade War Woes | 12/20/19 | Most observers expect the trade war between the United States and China will continue to place pressure on the chemical industry during 2020. Tariffs are currently impacting some 1,500 chemicals from China worth $26.5 billion and over 1,000 chemicals made in America valued at $11 billion, according to the American Chemistry Council (ACC). The situation could result in American firms buying less chemicals from China due to higher prices and China lowering its imports of U.S.-made chemicals.

Texas Chemical Plant Bears Long History Of Environmental Violations | 12/10/19 | A Texas chemical plant rocked by a series of explosions last month has a long history of state and federal environmental violations.

Chemical Definitions, Education And Information

  • Definition Of A Chemical: A compound or substance that has been purified or prepared, especially artificially. A substance (as an element or chemical compound) obtained by a chemical process or used for producing a chemical effect.
  • What Is A Chemical Substance: A chemical substance is a form of matter having constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. Some references add that chemical substance cannot be separated into its constituent elements by physical separation methods, i.e., without breaking chemical bonds.
  • PubChem: Explore and search chemical information at in a freely accessible chemical database.
  • What Is A Chemical And What Isn't A Chemical

Information On Chemical Substances From Wikipedia

A chemical substance is a form of matter having constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. Chemical substances can be simple substances, chemical compounds, or alloys. Chemical substances are often called 'pure' to set them apart from mixtures. A common example of a chemical substance is pure water; it has the same properties and the same ratio of hydrogen to oxygen whether it is isolated from a river or made in a laboratory. Other chemical substances commonly encountered in pure form are diamond (carbon), gold, table salt (sodium chloride) and refined sugar (sucrose). However, in practice, no substance is entirely pure, and chemical purity is specified according to the intended use of the chemical. Chemical substances exist as solids, liquids, gases, or plasma, and may change between these phases of matter with changes in temperature or pressure. Chemical substances may be combined or converted to others by means of chemical reactions. Forms of energy, such as light and heat, are not matter, and are thus not "substances" in this regard.

Dynamic Interactive Periodic Table

Who Uses Chemicals In The U.S.

2020 U.S. Wholesale Chemical Prices

Finding prices for bulk chemicals at is not challenging. Prices for bulk chemicals are listed below. Lab Alley maintains a current database of wholesale chemical prices. Lab Alley chemical specialists can answer questions about chemical properties, production applications and industrial chemical safety data. Lab Alley chemicals buyers study the chemical industry market to source high quality, but low priced chemicals. Lab Alley sells chemical substances at wholesale prices in order to supply U.S. businesses with the affordable raw materials they need to perform services and manufacture products.

Guidelines listed below provide chemical engineering information and suggest safer alternatives for ordering wholesale chemicals. If you can not find the right chemical prices below, call Lab Alley at 512-668-9918 to get a wholesale chemical price quote or email

Uses For High Purity Chemical Compounds, USDA Organic Ingredients And Food Grade Solvents And Acids Purchased In Bulk

About Wholesale Chemical Suppliers In The United States

Lab Alley is a wholesale chemical company located in Austin, Texas. In 2019, many of our wholesale customers ordered high purity solvents such as food grade ethanol in 55 gallon drums and ethanol (95%) denatured with heptane (5%) in 55 gallon drums for $700. Cosmetic makers order 4 liter bottles of Trichloroacetic Acid 25% for $333 to make skin peels here. Nitric acid is purchased at wholesale prices in bulk for gold refining and by jewelers hereCosmetic Grade Hydroquinone Powder is purchased in bulk by beauticians for skin whitening and skin brightening $62 here. Homeowners and gardeners ordered 4 x 1 gallon cases of 35% food grade hydrogen peroxide for $160 here.

How To Order Wholesale Chemicals And Wholesale Supplies In The United States

Wholesale chemicals for sale at can be purchased online here, by calling 512-887-7204 or by emailing Private individuals, small business owners and purchasing managers located in the U.S. can legally buy chemicals at wholesale prices at Shop for wholesale lab chemicals online or contact us to see if Lab Alley can provide a specialty chemical solution for your specific application. Buy chemical supplies, scientific instruments and equipment for home chemistry labs here.

Lab Alley is one of the most trusted chemical wholesalers and raw materials suppliers in the U.S. due to a wide selection of high quality products and long-standing working relationships with outstanding clients, chemical manufacturers, warehouses, logistics firms and chemical distribution services located throughout North America. Lab Alley is a wholesale chemical supplier that sells to individual and small business in all 50 states. 

Common Payment Methods Used To Buy Safe Chemicals For USA Labs And Homes And To Buy Safe Organic Chemical Ingredients Online In The U.S.

  • Credit Card
  • Debit Card
  • PayPal
  • Cash (US Dollar)
  • Charge Card
  • Personal Checks
  • Business Checks
  • Mobile Payments
  • Google Pay
  • American Express
  • Discover
  • Bank Transfers
  • Direct Deposit
  • eWallet
  • Pre-Paid Card
  • Digital Payments
  • Electronic Payments
  • ACH Transfer
  • Electronic Funds Transfers (EFT)
  • Mobile Payment Apps
  • Apple Pay
  • Venmo
  • Bank Of America Credit Card
  • Barclays Credit Card
  • Capital One Credit Card
  • Citi Credit Card

Best Selling Chemicals In Stock | Current U.S. Chemical Prices (U.S. Dollars, 01/01/20)

Bulk Chemicals And High Purity Solvents For Sale In The U.S.

Bulk Science Chemicals, Pharmaceutical Research Chemicals, Bulk Food Grade Solvents And Bulk Laboratory Acids For Sale Online In The U.S.

Buy Approved Chemicals And Ingredients At

Laboratory Glassware, Laboratory Supplies And Laboratory Equipment For Sale

Shop online for the most respected brands of laboratory glassware, botanical extraction equipment, laboratory glassware for school chemistry labs, lab supplies and lab equipment for scientific work, production work or household use at

Lab Alley is a laboratory glassware, plasticware, labware, scientific glass and chemical supplier located in Austin, Texas. Contact our laboratory glassware company to request a laboratory glassware list in PDF form, a laboratory glassware price list or a lab glass catalog. Call 512-668-9918 to speak with a laboratory glassware specialist or email

Buy safe laboratory glassware at to manufacture your own 'DIY' essential oils, fertilizer, cosmetics, pool chemicals, skin care products, distillates, botanical extracts, soaps, perfume, essential oils, cologne, personal care products and herbal extracts.

Laboratory glassware is used extensively laboratories, homes, workshops, industry, science and commercial and residential kitchens in the U.S. Lab glassware supplies are sold in a variety of sizes and shapes. Contact us if you have any questions about identifying the right laboratory glassware for your intended application. Review a laboratory equipment buyer's guide here. Browse laboratory supplies and equipment here.

Buy the best brands of laboratory glassware and lab supplies online at Laboratory glassware for sale here is shipped FedEx in USA. Laboratory glassware ordered online here is used for scientific work, botanical extraction and distillation, homes and kitchens. Choose from the best brands of laboratory glassware including Kimble, Corning, PYREX and Kontes. Buy borosilicate glass chemistry beakers and flasks online at

Types Of Laboratories That Order Lab Chemicals And Research Chemicals At sells high purity lab chemicals, research chemicals, food grade solvents, pure acids, pH buffer solutions and high quality stock chemical solutions to the following types of laboratories in the United States.

  • Medical Labs That Perform Clinical Pathology Tests
  • School Chemistry Labs That Provide Student Learning Environments
  • Science Labs That Provide Controlled Conditions For Scientific Or Technological Research, Experimentation And Measurement
  • Research And Development (R&D) Labs That Conduct Product Tests
  • Pharmaceutical Quality Control Labs That Serve Important Functions In Pharmaceutical Production And Control
  • Clinical Labs That Assist In The Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention Of Disease
  • Manufacturing And Productivity Laboratories That Develop And Apply Principles Of Manufacturing Systems, Machines And Processes
  • Diagnostic Labs That Test A Person's Health
  • Medicinal Plant, Herbal And Botanical Extraction Labs
  • Academic, Classroom And Educational Labs That Conduct Research And Teaching
  • Test Labs That Provide Objective Analytical Data On The Quality Of A Process Or Product
  • Hospital Labs That Have Departments For Virology, Microbiology, Chemistry, Hematology, Histology, Blood Banks And  Immunology/Molecular Diagnostics
  • Analytical Services Labs Where Technicians, Chemists And Material Scientists Work
  • Quality Assurance (QA) Labs That Ensure Quality Test Results
  • Clean Room Labs For Manufacturing Or Scientific Research
  • Life Sciences Labs That Use Incubators To Grow And Maintain Microbiological Or Cell Cultures
  • Biotechnology Labs That Use Living Systems, Biological Systems And Living Organisms To Develop And Manufacture Products For Specific Uses
  • Food And Beverage Industry Labs That Develop New Manufacturing Processes Or Test For Contaminants In Foods Or Beverages
  • Personal Labs, Hobbyist Labs, Home Chemistry Labs And Home Science Labs

Chemicals For Sale And Prices In The United States

The Science Of Chemicals

  • List Of Chemical Processes: Chemical engineering unit processing consists of the following important processes: Oxidation, Reduction, Hydrogenation, Dehydrogenation, Hydrolysis, Hydration, Dehydration, Halogenation, Nitrification, Sulfonation, Ammoniation, Alkaline fusion, Alkylation, Dealkylation, Esterification, Polymerization, Polycondensation and Catalysis. In a scientific sense, a chemical process is a method or means of somehow changing one or more chemicals or chemical compounds. Such a chemical process can occur by itself or be caused by an outside force, and involves a chemical reaction of some sort. In an "engineering" sense, a chemical process is a method intended to be used in manufacturing or on an industrial scale (see Industrial process) to change the composition of chemical(s) or material(s), usually using technology similar or related to that used in chemical plants or the chemical industry.

U.S. Chemical Industry Information, Statistics, Trends And Outlooks

  • What Is The Leading Chemical Manufacturer In The USA?: BASF is once again the largest foreign-headquartered chemical company in the U.S., with $18.0 billion in 2017 regional sales after solid 8.5% growth.
  • As of 2019, chemical industry companies comprised about 15% of the U.S. manufacturing economic sector. sells many of the agricultural chemicals, laboratory chemicals, specialty chemicals, industrial chemicals, consumer products and life sciences chemicals manufactured by these firms. The chemical industry is a complex of processes, operations, and organizations engaged in the manufacture of chemicals and their derivatives.The U.S. chemical industry accounts for 18 percent of global chemical shipments. The United States is the largest national producer of chemical products globally.
  • More than 13,000 firms sell more than 70,000 chemical products in the USA. The chemical industry is one of the largest and most influential industries on the planet. Sales of household chemicals, laboratory chemicals and industrial chemicals in America should exceed $765 billion in 2019. Trade wars between China and the United States may have an adverse impact on U.S. petrochemical producers.
  • In 2017, BASF and DowDupont each had chemicals sales of over $60 billion. In 2019, DowDupont was dissolved into 3 separate companies. DowDuPont was the biggest chemical conglomerate in the world. It generated $86 billion in sales in 2018, more than BASF, more than Sabic and more Formosa Plastics Group.
  • Keeping Up With Changes In The Chemical Industry: To keep up with changes, the chemical industry has adjusted strategies to manage feedstock volatility, handled slumps driven by key buyers in the automotive and construction industries, and managed the emergence of massive state-owned enterprises in China.
  • sells the most commonly-produced industrial chemical in the world, sulfuric acid. This chemical is used manufacture phosphoric acid, a key ingredient in many chemical fertilizers. The chemical industry is a significant contributor to the wealth of the United States. Review a list of the largest chemical producers globally, here. Improvement in major end-use markets set the stage for gains in U.S chemical production in 2019. 
  • U.S. chemical industry output continued to grow in 2019 despite a challenging global economy. The U.S. chemical industry faces challenges including increasing globalization of markets, societal demands for higher environmental performance, financial market demands for increased profitability and capital productivity,  higher customer expectations and changing work force requirements. Despite significant pressures from a many sources, the U.S. chemical industry has continued to perform and grow. However, during August of 2019, the US chemical output was lower in all regions, with the largest declines in the north-east and west coast regions.
  • In a year, chemicals companies in the U.S. manufacture over 36 million tons of sulfuric acid, 12 million tons of proplyene, 14 million tons of sodium hydroxide, 11 million tons of sodium carbonate, 8 million tons of ammonia, 5 million tons of benzene, 5 million tons of acetic acid, 4 million tons of ethylene oxide, 3 million tons of formaldehyde and 2 million tons of methanol.
  • Current U.S. chemical policies have produced a market in which the safety of chemicals for human health and the environment is undervalued. Market barriers to green chemistry are attributed to the weaknesses in the Toxic Substances Control Act. The updated Toxic Substances Control Act may help to protect the health of Americans and their environment. Effective regulation of consumer chemical products is a key factor to safeguarding public health. 
  • Although the EPA has more than 85,000 chemicals listed on its inventory of substances that fall under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the agency is having a hard time determining which of the 85,000 chemicals are being sold in the USA and how these substances are being used. 
  • In the United States, the TSCA is supposed to ensure that chemicals used in the U.S. are safe for the environment and human health. After updates in 2016 to the nation’s main chemical safety legislation. The TSCA regulates chemicals used commercially in the United States but does not regulate pesticides, chemicals used in cosmetics and personal care products, food, food packaging, or pharmaceuticals. Unlike the old law, the new TSCA requires EPA to review the safety of all chemicals used commercially in the U.S. The new law requires the EPA to prioritize chemicals for evaluation. The EPA prioritizes quick evaluations of chemicals that pose concerns for children’s health, are carcinogenic, environmentally persistent, toxic and build up in fat or other living tissue, or are widely found in biomonitoring programs. An upgraded review process may avert hazardous chemicals’ use in a wide range of consumer products. Because the new TSCA requires all chemicals to be evaluated, it’s expected to influence which chemicals are chosen as product ingredients, how chemicals are used in manufacturing and how chemicals are manufactured as companies try to avoid using chemicals likely to be restricted or banned. This may also create an incentive for new, safer chemicals and finished products.
  • For technical and professional information related to chemistry and chemical engineering, visit Chemical & Engineering News, published by the American Chemical Society
  • USA Chemical Industry Spotlight: The chemical industry is one of the United States' largest manufacturing industries, serving both a sizable domestic market and an expanding global market. It is also one of the top exporting sectors of U.S. manufacturing. Accounting for 18 percent of global chemical shipments, the United States is a world leader in chemical production and exports.
  • Read U.S. Chemical Industry Facts And Statistics
  • U.S. Chemical Industry Outlook: With a decisive competitive advantage in energy and new capacity continuing to come online, the outlook for the U.S. chemical industry remains strong. Chemical output should grow by 3.6% in 2019 and 3.1% in 2020.
  • U.S. Chemical Manufacturing Industry: The Chemical Manufacturing subsector is based on the transformation of organic and inorganic raw materials by a chemical process and the formulation of products. This subsector distinguishes the production of basic chemicals that comprise the first industry group from the production of intermediate and end products produced by further processing of basic chemicals that make up the remaining industry groups. The North American Industry Classification System Code (NAICS) Code Number Is 325.
  • The U.S. Chemical Industry Soars
  • Chemical Companies In The USA
  • U.S. Farm Sector Stockpiles Chinese Chemicals Before Scheduled Tariffs: U.S. agriculture suppliers are stockpiling the Chinese chemicals that farmers need to kill crop pests and boost yields - before tariffs on them more than double on Jan. 1, 2019. The additional tariffs, threatened by U.S. President Donald Trump, are part of an eight-month trade war between the United States and China affecting $250 billion worth of Chinese products and $113 billion in U.S. goods. 
    The duties could disrupt supply lines for U.S. companies that sell chemicals and fertilizers, part of a $28-billion U.S. farm chemical industry. The sector relies on Chinese imports for 40 percent of the ingredients and materials needed to make crop chemicals, according to consultancy Informa.

Common Chemicals Sold And Manufactured In The U.S.

Types Of Chemicals In the United States

  • Major Brands Of Chemicals Sold Online In The U.S.
  • Paints, Pigments, and Coatings: "Paints and coatings" spans everything from the colored shells on chocolate candy to barnacle-resistant layers on ship hulls, and some sources include adhesives in this category as well. New products address customer requirements from fast-growing markets in developing nations and health and environmental regulations in the United States. Fluctuations in the cost of raw materials create a need for more plentiful and economical substitute ingredients.
  • Laboratory Chemicals: The laboratory chemicals market is mainly driven by the growing R&D activities in the field of biological and chemical sciences. The laboratory chemicals market is growing primarily due to a significant increase in their use in basic research applications, coupled with large-scale commercial applications. An ongoing refinement and advancement of technologies, such as cell culture, recombinant DNA, and bio-therapeutics, have enhanced the scientific community’s ability to identify and produce important human therapeutic agents over the years. Moreover, growing interest of the world scientific community in such chemicals is anticipated to escalate the growth of the laboratory chemicals market. Laboratory chemicals are used for testing air, water, and soil under certain conditions. These chemicals help in determining pollutants, trace metal acids, toxic organics, and other impurities present in the environment. The major chemicals used for these applications include high performance liquid chromatography reagents (HPLC), ultra high-performance liquid chromatography reagents (UHPLC), mass spectrometry reagents (MS), and gas spectrometry reagents (GS). Thus, the growing usage of these chemicals are driving the demand for laboratory chemicals over the forecast period.
  • Agricultural Chemicals: The NASS Agricultural Chemical Use Program is USDA’s official source of statistics about on-farm chemical use and pest management practices. Since 1990, NASS has surveyed U.S. farmers to collect information on the chemical ingredients they apply to agricultural commodities through fertilizers and pesticides. On a rotating basis, the program currently includes fruits; vegetables; major field crops such as cotton, corn, potatoes, soybeans, and wheat; and nursery and floriculture crops.  Read more about the Agricultural Chemical Use Program here.
  • Cosmetic Ingredients: The FDA maintains information on selected cosmetics products, ingredients, and potential contaminants. These include hair products, dyes, relaxers, removal, hair-smoothing products that release formaldehyde, makeup, eye products, lipstick, novelty makeup and permanent makeup, nail  products, "organic" cosmetics, soaps and lotions, tanning products and tattoos. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act does not require cosmetic products and ingredients to be approved by FDA before they go on the market, except for color additives that are not intended for use as coal tar hair dyes. However, they must be safe for consumers under labeled or customary conditions of use. Companies and individuals who market cosmetics have a legal responsibility for the safety of their products and ingredients. Get more information about the following cosmetic ingredients here: allergens in cosmetics, alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, diethanolamine, fragrances in cosmetics, nanotechnology, parabens, phthalates, prohibited ingredients and talc.
  • Food Chemicals: The food industry, from farmer to grocer and everyone in between is concerned about the safety of their products and as a result, your safety as well. The business of chemistry is part of that food supply chain and its commitment to safety is summed up in two words: Responsible Care®.
  • Food Ingredients, Additives And Colors: There are thousands of ingredients used to make foods. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) maintains a list of over 3000 ingredients in its data base "Everything Added to Food in the United States", many of which we use at home every day (e.g., sugar, baking soda, salt, vanilla, yeast, spices and colors).
  • Examples Of Natural Chemicals: Naturally occurring chemicals are unprocessed chemicals that are found in a natural environment. Examples are chemicals obtained from plants, microorganisms, the earth, sea or animals without any processing at all, for example blood and milk from animals, minerals, ores, crude oil, coal and natural gas obtained without any processing. Natural chemicals are produced by nature without any human intervention. Synthetic chemicals are made by humans using methods different than those nature uses, and these chemical structures may or may not be found in nature.
  • Find out how different types and grades of chemicals are defined, named and classified in the USA.
  • Chemical Substances: Definitions, history of chemicals, chemical elements, chemical compounds, substances versus mixtures, chemicals versus chemical substances, naming and indexing, isolation, purification, characterization and identification.

Major Certified Grades Of Chemicals Sold Online In The United States By

Unofficial Grades Of Chemicals Sold Online In America By

Buy Safer Food Grade Chemicals And Natural Sanitation Ingredients For Cleaning Swimming Pools And Hot Tubs In The U.S. 

Make your own pool chemicals with natural ingredients ordered online at There are many natural ways to keep pool water clean. Use safe household chemical ingredients to clean your pool. Buy environmentally friendly, non-toxic, and biodegradable cleaners. Kid Safe and Pet Safe pool chemicals are for sale online at and are shipped to you by FedEx in the U.S.

Use Natural Ingredients And Safer Chemicals To Maintain A Kid Safe Pool

  • Learn How To Keep A Pool Clean With Baking Soda
  • Learn How To Keep A Pool Clean Without Chemicals
  • Make Homemade Algaecides For Swimming Pools
  • Learn How To Add Baking Soda To A Pool
  • Discover Natural Ways To Keep Pool Water Clean
  • Make Your Own 'DIY' Pool Cleaners
  • Learn How To Lower Pool pH Levels With Muriatic Acid

How To Buy Safer Pool Chemicals And Pet Safe Natural Cleaning Products To Clean Pools And Hot Tubs 

If you have questions about your options and choices for ordering safer and healthier pool chemicals online here at or if you would like to place an order, call 512-668-9918 or email to talk with a Pool Chemical Safety Specialist. If you can not find the chemical or ingredient you are looking for, contact us and we may be able to special order it for you.

If Safety Matters, Buy Natural Compounds To Clean Your Pool Or Hot Tub

Buy Natural And Safe Chemicals For Pools And Hot Tubs At

  • Pool Chemicals For Winter
  • Pool Chemicals for Algae
  • Pool Chemicals For Sensitive Skin
  • Pool Chemicals For Salt Water Pools
  • Chemicals For Closing Pools
  • Pool Chemicals For Sand Filters
  • Pet Safe Pool Chemicals
  • Dog Safe Pool Chemicals
  • Baby Safe Pool Chemicals
  • Kid Safe Pool Chemicals
  • Safe Swimming Pool Chemicals
  • Pool Chemicals Are Shipped FedEx In The USA 

Units Of Mass For Chemicals Sold In The U.S.

The gram is a metric system unit of mass. Grams are used to quantify units of mass for chemicals that are produced and packaged in powdered (powder) form, granular form or crystal (crystalline) form. 100 grams (g) is equal to 3.527396195 ounces. Typical units measured in grams include the following.

The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass (weight) used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement. sells chemicals packaged in the following pound measurements.

U.S customary units is the system of units of measurement used to measure things in the United States.  Common volume units are the teaspoon, tablespoon (3 teaspoons), fluid ounce (two tablespoons), cup (8 ounces), pint (2 cups, or 16 fluid ounces), quart (2 pints, or 32 fluid ounces), US gallon (16 cups, 128 fluid ounces, or 3.8 liters). Lab Alley sells aqueous solutions of chemicals in the following volume units.

The litre (international spelling) or liter (American spelling) (SI symbols L and l) is a metric system unit of volume. A milliliter is one thousandth of a liter (0.002 pint). Lab Alley sells aqueous solutions of chemicals in the following volume units.

How Americans Perceive Chemicals

  • "Chemical" Is Not a Bad Word: This excellent article published by Scientific American explains why the word "chemicals" is misrepresented in the United States. Granted, chemicals cause cancer and illnesses but chemistry breakthroughs have also shaped our modern world. Penicillin has saved millions of people around the world.

Buying And Selling Chemicals In The USA

Chemical Logistics, Shipping, Transportation And Importation In The U.S.

  • Chemical Logistics: Leading chemical companies rely on Odyssey and Rhenus Logistics to move their products.
  • TSCA Requirements For Importing Chemicals: Imports of chemical substances, mixtures or articles that contain a chemical substance or mixture must comply with the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) in order to enter the U.S. Importers must certify that imported chemicals either comply with TSCA (positive certification) or, if not otherwise clearly identified as a chemical excluded from TSCA, are not subject to TSCA (negative certification).
  • Chemicals purchased online at are typically shipped and transported in the U.S. by UPSFedExLTL and FTL (TL). Shipping methods are based on standard classifications and four main transportation characteristics: density, handling, stowability and liability.
  • Chemical manufacturers in the United States, and the third-party logistics partners that serve them keep the $770-billion chemical industry moving. The chemical supply chain requires special care in handling, transporting, and storing to prevent safety hazards such as combustion, contamination, and spoilage.
  • Leading chemical companies rely on Odyssey Logistics & Technology Corporation to move their products around the world safely, cost-efficiently and on time. Experts at Odyssey support all the inbound and outbound transportation needs of chemical companies, including non-chemical shipments such as packaging materials and MRO. From inbound raw materials transportation to outbound transportation of finished goods, Odyssey can provide complete logistics solutions.
  • Rhenus Logistics services the chemical sector which is an essential area of business for all branches of industry – whether it involves processing plastics, food production, the pharmaceutical business, automobile manufacturing or engineering. They have extensive expertise and the right equipment to serve firms in the field of chemical production.

Employment In The U.S. Chemical Industry

Data And Details For Specific Chemicals Sold In The United States

  • U.S. National Library Of Medicine: Learn about chemicals and get information, synonyms and structures for over 400,000 chemicals.
  • ChemSpider: This free online chemical information resource provides Americans with access to data on 25 million unique chemical compounds. This useful chemistry Internet portal provides information on chemical health and safety information, spectral data, chemical properties, molecular structure, synthetic methods and naming conventions for chemical teaching and research.
  • Hydrochloric Acid Is Naturally Produced And Also Man Made: Hydrochloric acid is naturally produced by cells in our bodies to help digest food in the stomach. Hydrochloric acid is also synthetically produced for a variety of industrial and commercial applications. For these applications, hydrochloric acid is formed by dissolving hydrogen chloride gas in water.
  • Sulfuric Acid Is The Number One Chemical Produced In The U.S.: 36 million tons of sulfuric acid are produced in the United States each year. Sulfuric acid is a colorless and odorless corrosive liquid. It is a mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen. It is highly corrosive to metal and tissue, and will char organic materials such as wood on contact. When dissolved in water, it releases heat. It is produced by extracting sulfur to sulfur dioxide and then to sulfur trioxide before finally fumed into sulfuric acid. Sulfuric acid is a very important commodity chemical, and indeed, a nation's sulfuric acid production is a good indicator of its industrial strength.

Study Chemistry And Chemicals In The U.S.

About Chemistry Kits And Chemistry Sets

U.S. Chemical News, Publications, Literature And Educational Resources

Chemicals That Influence Happiness

  • Good Chemicals: It's a survival mechanism: in the presence of something good, the brain releases four main 'feelgood' chemicals – endorphin, oxytocin, serotonin, and dopamine. These are the four major chemicals in the brain that influence our happiness.

Chemical Industry Health And Safety Initiative 

  • Learn about Responsible Care® and U.S. chemical industry's desire to improve healthsafety and environmental performance here. Review lists of common industrial chemicals and household chemicals available in the U.S., here. 
  • Responsible Care®: Started in Canada in 1985, Responsible Care® is a global, voluntary initiative developed autonomously by the chemical industry for the chemical industry. It runs in 67 countries whose combined chemical industries account for nearly 90% of global chemical production. 96 of the 100 largest chemical producers in the world have adopted Responsible Care.
  • First published in 2006, the Responsible Care Global Charter was revised in 2014 to address ongoing stakeholder expectations and evolving challenges, and to enable industry to speak with a common voice about its global commitments.

U.S. Chemical Health, Toxicity And Safety Information

Natural And Man-Made Chemical Toxicity And Safety

  • Artificial compounds and man-made chemicals have transformed many industries in the U.S., including the pharmaceutical industry and the food and beverage industry. sells natural chemicals like citric acid which is found in lemons and limes. also sells man-made chemicals such as ethylene glycol.  
  • Consumers in the USA often conclude that natural chemicals are safer than man-made (synthetic) chemicals but their is more to the topic than meets the eye. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of natural chemicals and synthetic chemicals, here. In the USA, the terms 'poison' and 'chemical' have often interchangeable to consumers
  • Chemicals can be man-made or natural but these terms are not a classification of safety or toxicity. Dealing with chemical risk is challenging to all Americans as well as the EPA. Most of the chemicals currently sold in the USA have not been tested properly for their effects on the health of humans or animals. Get more information about the safety and toxicity of chemicals sold in the United States here.
  • Toxic chemicals are used to manufacture furniture, food, beverages, rugs, toys, cosmetics, personal care products and household cleaners. Advocacy groups like the Natural Resources Defense Council are pressuring U.S. legislators to  close loopholes and reform outdated chemical-safety laws that are constantly exploited by the companies and attorneys in the chemical industry. Attorneys at the NRDC use the legal process to press the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and state governments to take a leadership role in restricting the sale and use of dangerous and toxic chemicals. Keeping hazardous chemicals out away from those who misuse these chemicals is a responsibility the Department Of Homeland Security.
  • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development helps countries in developing and implementing policies and instruments that make their systems for managing chemical safety, efficient and robust as possible, while protecting human health and the environment.
  • On of the toughest challenges facing U.S. authorities in 2019 is how to enforce existing chemical laws within e-commerce (Internet) platforms and how chemicals are sold on websites such as Amazon, eBay and Alibaba. USA regulators are finding it difficult to ensure the safety of American consumers that buy hazardous and toxic chemicals online.
  • Online chemical retailers need to be responsible for enforcing hazardous chemical policies. More comprehensive chemical policies to restrict the sale of toxic chemicals are being developed by U.S. e-commerce retailers with the assistance of Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families (SCHF). These steps are diminishing the amount of harmful chemicals sold on the Internet. These policy decisions are enhancing the use of green chemistry options and are helping consumers buy safer chemical based products.
  • Due to increase in supplies of solar, wind, and other forms of renewable electricity, U.S. scientists and companies are starting to make chemicals with using oil as the feedstock. GreenScreen is is a method of comparative Chemical Hazard Assessment (CHA) that is used for identifying chemicals of high concern and safer alternatives.
  • does not sell certain man-made chemicals such as N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) because it is considered to be a reproductive toxicant and dangerous solvent. Naturally occurring chemicals can indeed be more toxic than man-made chemicals. In some cases, the dosage of a chemical. Any chemical, natural or man-made, given in large quantities, can cause health problems and even death.

Buy Medical Research Chemicals, Scientific Research Chemicals, Pharmacological Research Chemicals And Agricultural Research Chemicals Online In The USA

If you have questions about your options and choices for ordering research chemicals online here at or if you would like to place an order, call 512-668-9918 or email to talk with a Research Chemical Safety Specialist.

If you can not find the research chemical or ingredient you are looking for, contact us and we may be able to special order it for you., based in Austin, Texas is an online laboratory chemical store and chemical supplier that sells research chemicals to individuals and scientific research organizations in the U.S. Download a laboratory chemicals list here.

Highly specialized research chemicals are sold online in the U.S. at Order high purity research chemicals for pharmaceutical development, innovative medical experiments and biochemical (biochemistry) research. Buy research chemicals for medical research at institutional laboratories or personal use in home science labs. Research chemicals are shipped FedEx in the U.S. Prices for research chemicals start at $5. 

ACS reagent chemicals, 99% pure USP pharmaceutical-grade compounds (PGC) and research chemicals are for sale online here. Pharmaceutical Grade research chemicals ordered online at do not contain unknown substances, dyes, binders, contaminants, fillers or binders.

Use A USA Sales Tax Exemption Certificate To Purchase Scientific Research Chemicals At

Customers based in the United States that do not need to pay sales tax for research chemical orders can email and attach their tax exemption certificate. Download the United States Sales Tax Exemption Form (Form SF1094) here. Download 'Your Practical Guide To Basic Laboratory Techniques' in PDF format here. Obtain research chemicals from the NIDA DSP here.

Raw Materials Used In The Chemical Industry

Its main raw materials are the fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), air, water, salt, limestone, sulfur or an equivalent, and some specialized raw materials for special products, such as phosphates and the mineral fluorspar. The chemical industry converts these raw materials into primary, secondary, and tertiary products, a distinction based on the remoteness of the product from the consumer, the primary being remotest. The products are most often end products only as regards the chemical industry itself; a chief characteristic of the chemical industry is that its products nearly always require further processing before reaching the ultimate consumer.

How And Where Chemicals Are Made In The United States

  • How Chemicals Are Made: The chemical industry makes chemicals by processing raw materials with heat, pressure and chemical reactions. Two or more elements combined into one substance through a chemical reaction form a chemical compound. All compounds are substances, but not all substances are compounds. A chemical compound can be either atoms bonded together in molecules or crystals in which atoms, molecules or ions form a crystalline lattice. Chemical processes such as chemical reactions operate in chemical plants to form new substances in various types of reaction vessels. In many cases the reactions take place in special corrosion-resistant equipment at elevated temperatures and pressures with the use of catalysts. The products of these reactions are separated using a variety of techniques including distillation especially fractional distillation, precipitation, crystallization, adsorption, filtration, sublimation, and drying.
  • Chemical Plants In The United States: There are approximately 13,500 chemical manufacturing facilities in the United States owned by more than 9,000 companies. Facilities are located all over the country, with many companies in Texas, Ohio, New Jersey, Illinois, Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas.
  • Top 10 Chemicals Manufactures: Listed here are the biggest chemical manufacturers in the world based on revenue.
  • The Top 10 Chemicals Manufactured In The USA
  • Chemical Processing: Information on a range of chemical engineering topics, from operating chemical plants, process engineering, manufacturing and automation strategies to fluid handling and pumps.
  • U.S. Chemical Production: The U.S. Chemical Production Regional Index (U.S. CPRI) was developed to track chemical production activity in seven regions of the United States. The U.S. CPRI is based on information from the Federal Reserve, and as such, includes monthly revisions as published by the Federal Reserve. To smooth month-to-month fluctuations, the U.S. CPRI is measured using a three-month moving average.
  • Reinventing How Chemicals Are Made: Researchers are developing new chemicals to build the next generation of pharmaceuticals and high tech materials.
  • List Of Largest Chemical Producers: BASF, DowDupont, SINOPEC, SABIC, Ineos, Formasa Plastics, ExxonMobile, LyondellBasell, Mitsubishi Chemical, LG Chem, Air Liquide, Reliance Industries, Dupont, The Linde Group, Toray Industries, AkzoNobel, Evonik Industries, Covestro And More
  • 4 Critical Challenges Faced by Chemical Manufacturers
  • What Does The Chemical Industry Produce?

Major Brands Of Chemicals Sold Online In The U.S. By

Companies That Sell Chemicals In The United States And Globally

  • Browse a list of chemical distributors, wholesalers and manufacturers in the United States. Buy chemicals, food ingredients, cosmetic raw materials, analytical reagents, solutions and standards from the following companies: Lab Alley, AccuStandard, Avantor, VWR (Acquired by Avantor In 2017), Agilent, Alfa Chemistry, Beckman Coulter, The Chemical Company, Bio-Rad, Cayman ChemicalCerilliant, FUJIFILM Wako Chemicals, Eastman Chemical Company, GFS Chemicals, Honeywell Research ChemicalsPilot Chemical Company, Grainger, High-Purity Standards, Labchem, Luminex, M Chemical CompanyMidland Scientific, MilliporeSigma, National Chemical Laboratories, Prolab Scientific, ProSource Scientific, Reagecon, RICCA Chemical Company, Rockland Immunochemicals, Shell Chemicals, Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing, Stepan Company, Strem ChemicalsTCI America, The Lab Depot and Thermo Fisher Scientific (Fisher Scientific Is Part Of Thermo Fisher Scientific).
  • Use a USA Chemical Suppliers Directory to find out where to buy chemicals in the USA. Find American chemical suppliers, distributors, industrial manufacturers, bulk supplies and wholesalers of raw ingredients and finished goods in the United States here.
  • BASF Chemicals: BASF SE is a Germany-based European chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world. The BASF Group comprises subsidiaries and joint ventures in more than 80 countries and operates six integrated production sites and 390 other production sites in Europe, Asia, Australia, the Americas and Africa. Its headquarters is located in Ludwigshafen, Germany. BASF has customers in over 190 countries and supplies products to a wide variety of industries.
  • BASF Intermediates: The BASF Group develops, produces and markets about 700 intermediates around the world. The most important of the division’s product groups include amines, diols, polyalcohols, acids and specialties. Intermediates, for example, are used as starting materials for coatings, plastics, pharmaceuticals, textile fibers, detergents and crop protectants. Innovative intermediates from BASF help to improve the properties of final products and the efficiency of production processes.
  • BASF Monomers: The Monomers division supplies a broad portfolio of largevolume monomers, basic polymers and inorganic chemicals. The major products include MDI (diphenylmethane diisocyanate), TDI (toluene diisocyanate), caprolactam, adipic acid, polyamide 6 and 6.6, ammonia, nitric acid, sulfur and chlorine products, inorganic salts, urea, melamine, glues and impregnating resins.
  • BASF Petrochemicals: Products such as ethylene, propylene, butadiene and benzene are produced in steam crackers from naphtha or natural gas. Using these, we produce alcohols, solvents and plasticizers for the chemical and plastics industries. Alkylene oxides and glycols are starting materials for the detergents, automotive, packaging and textile industries. Acrylic monomers are used in the production of paints, coatings and cosmetics as well as oilfield, construction and paper chemicals. To meet specific customer demands, our specialty monomers can be ideally incorporated into the value-adding chain for acrylates and methacrylates.
  • BASF Catalysts: Chemicals are made possible through catalysts. Our catalyst products are a vital and strategic part of chemical process technology. Catalysis is a process in which the rate of a chemical reaction is increased by a specific catalyst offering. Each heterogeneous catalyst is specific to a given process and can be tailored to provide a given set of end results – speed of reaction or process, enhanced product attributes, and the selectivity of end products. Choosing the right catalyst for the process is a critical factor for success. Catalysts play a crucial role in 90% of all commercially produced chemical products.
  • Grainger: W. W. Grainger, Inc. sells lab chemicals, buffers, bases, solvents, acids and reagents. Founded in 1927 in Chicago, this American Fortune 500 industrial supply company sells lab chemicals here.
  • Amazon:, Inc. is an American multinational technology company based in Seattle that sells lab chemicals, industrial chemicals, scientific chemicals, standards, buffers, solvents, analytical reagents, acids, salts, alcohols, organic reagents, bases, electrolyte solutions, inorganic chemicals, phenols, surfactants, detergents, aqueous solutions, bases and caustics.
  • Lab Alley: Lab Alley is a life sciences and lab supply company that leverages e-commerce technology and direct manufacturer relationships to provide high quality laboratory chemicals, science equipment and laboratory products to companies, governments and organizations at the lowest prices possible.
  • Thermo Fisher Scientific: This chemical supplier is an American biotechnology product development company located in Waltham, Massachusetts, and was created in 2006 by the merger of Thermo Electron and Fisher Scientific. In April 2013, after a competitive bidding with Hoffmann-La Roche, Thermo Fisher acquired Life Technologies Corporation for US$13.6 billion in a deal that would rank the firm as one of the leading companies in the genetic testing and precision laboratory equipment markets. The firm sells lab reagents and chemicals for research and production.
  • Chemical Companies In The USA
  • Kraft Chemical Company:  Since 1935, the Kraft Chemical Company has provided the food and beverage industry in the United States with a variety of functional ingredients and services. Their products are certified and FDA approved. They supply raw materials for cosmetics and personal care products such as sunscreens, toothpastes and shampoos, moisturizers, lipsticks and fragrances. Kraft Chemical supplies specialty chemicals to the specialty industries which include; Adhesives, Agriculture, Ceramic, Construction, Energy, Lubricants, Metal Finishing, Paints and Coatings, and Water Treatment.
  • Chemical Suppliers USA: A directory of where to buy chemicals in the USA. Find American chemical suppliers, distributors, industrial manufacturers, bulk supplies and wholesalers of raw ingredients & finished goods in the United States.
  • Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.: TCI is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 29,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
  • Solvay S.A.: Solvay is a Belgian chemical company founded in 1863, with its head office in Neder-Over-Heembeek, Brussels, Belgium. Solvay is an advanced materials and specialty chemicals company, committed to developing chemistry that address key societal challenges. Solvay innovates and partners with customers worldwide in many diverse end markets. Its products are used in planes, cars, batteries, smart and medical devices, as well as in mineral and oil and gas extraction, enhancing efficiency and sustainability. Its lightweighting materials promote cleaner mobility, its formulations optimize the use of resources and its performance chemicals improve air and water quality. Solvay is headquartered in Brussels with around 27,000 employees in 62 countries.
  • Shell Chemicals: Their product portfolio includes ethylene oxide/ethylene glycols, higher olefins and derivatives, lower olefins and aromatics, phenol/acetone and nonene, and solvents, which are used in many consumer and industrial products and processes. Shell Chemical LP produces approximately 20 billion pounds of chemicals annually, which are sold primarily to industrial markets in the United States.

Use A USA Sales Tax Exemption Certificate To Purchase Scientific Research Chemicals



  • Customers based in the United States that do not need to pay sales tax for research chemical orders can email and attach their tax exemption certificate. 
  • Download the United States Sales Tax Exemption Form (Form SF1094) here.

Ingredients And Raw Materials For Making Cosmetics, Skin Care Products, Creams And Personal Care Products sells a wide variety of safe ingredients and raw materials for skin care products that relieve skin conditions, support skin integrity and enhance its appearance. Wholesome substances and invigorating compounds ordered at are used to make skin care and cosmetic products that cleanse and beautify. Cosmetic makers and personal care product manufacturers order natural products and food grade chemical compounds at to make substances and products that are applied to the body and face. These healthy products alter and enhance the fragrance, appearance and texture of the body and face. One of the most popular products ordered in bulk is USDA Certified Organic Coconut Oil sold in 5 gallon pails.

Ingredients in today's skin care products include citric acid, alpha-hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, lactic acid, hydroquinone, retinol, clay, kojic acid, oils, salicylic acid, copper peptide and others. Some of the of common skin care ingredients, cosmetic ingredients, raw materials and personal care product ingredients sold online at are listed below. Buy safer cosmetic and skin care ingredients here.

Buy Bulk Chemicals, Raw Materials For Pharmaceutical Manufacturing And Ingredients For Cosmetic Manufacturing In The United States

  • Buy Bulk Chemicals, Specialty Chemical Products And Industrial Supplies For U.S. Manufacturing Operations Here
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  • Buy Safe Chemicals In Bulk For USA Labs, Homes, Cosmetics, Pools And Schools Here
  • Buy High Quality Research Chemicals In Bulk Here
  • Buy High Purity Lab Chemicals And Science Chemicals In Bulk Here
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  • Buy Solvents In Bulk Here
  • Buy Laboratory Acids In Bulk Here
  • Buy Prepared Chemicals Solutions, Aqueous Chemical Solutions And Stock Solutions In Bulk Here
  • Buy Ethanol In Bulk Here
  • Purchase Bulk Chemical Ingredients For Industrial Or Personal Use
  • Order Chemicals In Large Quantities For Laboratory Or Household Use
  • Buy 200% Proof (100% Alcohol) Food Grade Ethanol In A 5 Gallon Pail For $325 Here
  • Buy Hydrogen Peroxide In Bulk Here
  • Buy Methanol In Bulk Here
  • Buy MCT Oil In Bulk Here
  • Buy USDA Certified Organic Ingredients At
  • USA Food Grade Ingredients Are For Sale Online At
  • Buy A 5 Gallon Pail Of Pure MCT Oil For $200 Here
  • Buy Safe Chemical Substances To Use As Pharmaceutical And Cosmetic Ingredients
  • Buy A 5 Gallon Pail Of ACS Reagent Grade Acetone For $170 Here
  • Buy Safe Solvents For Botanical Extracts, Herbal Tinctures And Medicinal Oils Here
  • Buy Chemicals In Large Quantities For USA Labs, Schools, Botanical Oil Extracts, Cosmetic Makers, Pools, Homes, Lawn Care, Science, Industry And Family Households
  • Buy Safe Acids For Cosmetics Such As Acetic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Citric Acid, Glycolic Acid And Boric Acid
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  • Bulk Chemicals, Raw Materials And Ingredients Are Shipped By FedEx And LTL In The United States

Hard To Find Chemicals For Sale At

  • Shop online from a great selection of lab chemicals, research chemicals, farming chemicals, common industrial supplies and safe household cleaning chemicals in stock at low prices at The website was designed specifically for U.S. companies and individuals that need on-demand chemical supplies shipped directly to them the same day they order online.
  • Call at 512-668-9918 or click here to contact a research chemical specialist or an experienced sales representative. The staff can help answer any questions related to testing and research experiments. ships high quality chemical products, solvents, reagents and chemical handling equipment to universities, government facilities, homeowners and commercial entities all across the United States.
  • sells fine chemicals, hard to find chemicals, commodity chemicals and specialty chemicals in a range of different sizes and volumes. Shop for premium Lab Grade, ACS Grade, Food Grade and HPLC Grade chemical products for your laboratory at Browse a list of all lab chemicals, household chemicals and lab supplies sold online at here.

Fine Chemicals Sold In The USA At

Commodity Chemicals Sold In The USA At

Specialty Chemicals Sold In The USA At

    Chemical Laws And Regulations In The United States

    U.S. Chemical Organizations

    • AIChE | Global Home of Chemical Engineers: The AIChE is the world's leading organization for chemical engineering professionals, with more than 60,000 members from more than 110 countries.
    • American Chemistry Council: The American Chemistry Council, formerly known as the Manufacturing Chemists' Association and then as the Chemical Manufacturers' Association, is an industry trade association for American chemical companies, based in Washington, D.C. 
    • The Chlorine Chemistry Council: The Chlorine Chemistry Division of the American Chemistry Council (ACC) represents major producers and users of chlorine in North America. The Division works to promote and protect the sustainability of chlorine chemistry processes, products and applications in accordance with the principles of Responsible Care®. The chlorine industry contributes over $421.5 billion in annual economic benefits to North American consumers and supports 245,000 U.S. jobs. It helps provide thousands of essential products, including clean drinking water, energy-efficient building materials, electronics, fiber optics, solar energy cells, 88 percent of life-saving pharmaceuticals, 89 percent of crop protection compounds, and much more. 
    • The International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA): This organization is the Worldwide Voice of the Chemical Industry. ICCA and its member associations, federations and companies are working together to pave the way to a more sustainable future and ensure the safety and protection of human health and the environment. The International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) is an association of innovators, visionaries, solutions providers and product stewardship pioneers.

    U.S. Historical Events Related To Chemicals

    About Dangerous Unregulated "Research Chemicals" Sold On The Internet

    • Misuse Of The Term "Research Chemicals"
    • Dangers Of Unregulated Research Chemicals: In the United States, police can lay charges under narrow conditions if they seize unregulated research chemicals. The compounds must be chemically similar to controlled drugs, produce similar effects and be intended for human consumption, factors than can be difficult to prove in court, said Russell Baer, spokesman for the Drug Enforcement Administration. Greater regulation needs to be in place over the availability of various unregulated "research chemicals".
    • Dangerous Unregulated Research Chemicals Sold On The Internet Can Be Fatal
    • Study Of Surface Internet Marketplace Presence And Availability Of NPS Sold As Research Chemicals: The misuse and abuse of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) are facilitated by their sale as “research chemicals” (RC) on the internet. A large, varied and dynamic inventory of NPS, some DEA schedule I, are sold on the surface internet under the guise of “RCs.” This pattern of availability and instability is consistent with previous descriptions describing darknet NPS availability.
    • About Research Chemicals Sold In The United States: Research chemicals are chemical substances used by scientists for medical and scientific research purposes. One characteristic of a research chemical is that it is for laboratory research use only; a research chemical is not intended for human or veterinary use. This distinction is required on the labels of research chemicals and is what exempts them from regulation under parts 100-740 in Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (21CFR). Research chemicals are fundamental in the development of novel pharmacotherapies. Common medical laboratory uses include in vivo and animal testing to determine therapeutic value, toxicology testing by contract research organizations to determine drug safety, and analysis by drug test and forensic toxicology labs for the purposes of evaluating human exposure. Many pharmacologically active chemicals are sold online under the guise of "research chemicals," when in reality they are untested designer drugs that are being consumed by buyers taking advantage of many of the compounds' transitional or nonexistent legal status. In some jurisdictions, drugs that are highly similar in structure to a prohibited drug are illegal to trade regardless of that drug's legal status. In other jurisdictions, their trade is a legal grey area, making them grey market goods. Some jurisdictions may have analogue laws which ban drugs similar in chemical structure to other prohibited drugs, while some designer drugs may be prohibited irrespective of the legal status of structurally similar drugs; in both cases, their trade may take place on the black market.  In the United States, the Controlled Substances Act was amended by the Controlled Substance Analogue Enforcement of 1986, which attempted to ban designer drugs pre-emptively by making it illegal to manufacture, sell, or possess chemicals that were substantially similar in chemistry and pharmacology to Schedule I or Schedule II drugs.