Hydrochloric Acid 10% Solution, Lab Grade

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500ml
1 Liter
4 Liters
Sale price $20.00
Sale price $24.00
Sale price $60.00
7647-01-0
ClH
36.46
Hydrochloric Acid, Hydrogen Chloride, Muriatic Acid, Chlorohydric Acid, Acide Chlorhydrique, Chlorwasserstoff, Spirits of Salt, Hydrogen Chloride hcl, Anhydrous Hydrochloric Acid, Chloorwaterstof
313
Laboratory
10%
Hydrochloric Acid
1789
Description

Hydrochloric Acid, also known as Muriatic acid, Chlorohydric acid, and Acide Chlorhydrique, has the chemical formula HCl. It is formed by dissolving Hydrogen Chloride gas in Water and appears as a colorless to yellowish watery liquid with a sharp, irritating odor. It is soluble in Water and Ethanol at ambient conditions. Lab Alley’s Hydrochloric Acid, 10% Solution, Lab Grade contains ~10% by weight of pure Hydrogen Chloride gas dissolved in ~90% by weight of purified Water. Chemically pure or Laboratory reagents are the two terms often used to describe Lab Grade chemicals. Lab Grade chemicals do not meet any accepted quality or purityrequirements such as the ACS Grade, the USP Grade, and the FCC Grade, despite their acceptable purity. In the United States of America (USA), Lab Alley is selling its high-quality Hydrochloric Acid, 10% Solution, Lab Grade online at laballey.com. Due to its high purity Hydrochloric Acid, 10% Solution, Lab Grade is highly recommended for labs and commercial applications.

Hydrochloric Acid, 10% (v/v) Aqueous Solution Product Summary

  • Buy A 16 oz (500ml) Bottle Of 10% Hydrochloric Acid
  • Buy A 33 oz (1 Liter) Bottle Of 10% Hydrochloric Acid
  • Buy A 1 Gallon (4 Liter) Bottle 10% Hydrochloric Acid

Formula HCl | pH −0.5 | "Muriatic Acid" | CAS # 7647-01-0 | Tests For Calcium Carbonate In Rocks | For Swimming Pools, Etching, Water Treatment, pH Adjusting | Acidic Solution of Hydrogen Chloride Gas Dissolved In Water

About Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrochloric acid is also known as muriatic acid. It is the simplest chlorine-based acid system that contains water. Hydrochloric acid is prepared by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water and a variety of other chemicals. It is colorless and inorganic. The chemical formula is HCI: H2O and its CAS number is 7647-01-0. Hydrochloric acid has a distinctive smell and it is strongly acidic. It reacts with basic compounds and dissolves many metals. It is naturally produced in the digestive systems of most animals and humans. Shop all hydrochloric acid products here.

Hydrochloric acid was discovered in 800 A.D., historically in Europe it was called acidum salis, spirits of salt and hydronium chloride. The name “hydrochloric acid” was coined by the French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac in 1814. 

Hydrochloric Acid Uses

Hydrochloric acid is useful in a variety of ways. It is used in the production of organic compounds and polyvinyl chloride for plastics. In the common household it is often used as a descaling agent. It works to remove limescale from boilers and water heaters. In the food industry it is used as a food additive and to produce gelatin. It is also used in the leather processing industry.  10% Hydrochloric Acid is used during the "Acid Test" for Carbonate Minerals and Carbonate Rocks.

Hydrochloric acid is commonly used in chemical analysis to prepare samples. It is also the preferred acid in titration for determining the number of bases. There are many industrial uses for hydrochloric acid like refining metal. The steel pickling industry uses hydrochloric acid to remove rust or iron oxide scale from iron or steel.

Hydrochloric Acid on Skin

When using hydrochloric acid personal protective equipment should be worn. But if it comes in contact with the skin, flush immediately with water. This should be done for at least 15 minutes, remove any contaminated clothing. If it comes in contact with the eyes or it is ingested seek immediate medical attention. 

Hydrochloric Acid Safety and Hazards

In a concentrated, liquid form hydrochloric acid can cause damage and is very corrosive. It is a hazardous liquid and should be handled with care. Chemical burns are a common safety hazard. If it is splashed in the eyes it can cause eye damage and even blindness according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. When handling hydrochloric acid protective equipment should be worn.

Hydrochloric Acid vs Muriatic Acid

Some people wonder if Muriatic Acid is the same as Hydrochloric Acid.  When you are looking for a product to lower the pH of your swimming pool water, you go to the store and buy a container of muriatic acid. You would probably be squeamish about hydrochloric acid in your pool instead, especially if you're about to go swimming, but in fact, that is essentially what you're doing.

Hydrogen Chloride is different from Muriatic Acid and Hydrochloric Acid. It is a colorless pungent poisonous gas that fumes in moist air and yields hydrochloric acid when dissolved in water. Muriatic Acid is a corrosive strong acid. It is also known as spirits of salt or acidum salis. "Muriatic" means "pertaining to brine or salt". 

Muriatic acid is one of the names of hydrochloric acid, and it was the most common name until French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac coined the term hydrochloric acid in the early 19th century. Modern chemists make a differentiation between muriatic and hydrochloric acid based on concentration and purity. They both have the chemical formula HCl.

Hydrochloric Acid Storage 
Hydrochloric acid cannot be stored in metal contains but plastic containers made with polyvinyl chloride are a great option. It should be kept in a cool, well-ventilated area away from moisture sources. Keep the container tightly closed and keep it away from incompatible materials.

Applications
Common Uses
  • Reagent
  • Chemical precursor
  • Titrimetric analysis
  • Analytical studies
  • Water Treatment
  • Tests for Calcium carbonate rocks
  • Sugar industry
  • Leather industry
Safety and Handling

Hydrochloric Acid Solution 10% Shipping Information:
DOT: Hydrochloric acid, solution, 8, UN1789, PG II

Please contact us to request a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and Certificate of Analysis (COA) for Hydrochloric Acid Solution 10%.

Spec/SDS
Download Safety Data Sheet (SDS)