Potassium Permanganate, also known as Chameleon Mineral, Condy's Crystals, Manganese, Potassium Manganate(VII), Permanganate of Potash, and Potassium Oxido(trioxo)Manganese, have the chemical formula KMnO4. It is an inorganic salt that appears as dark green to purple to black powder or crystals and is soluble in Water at ambient conditions. It dissolves in water to give an intense pink or purple solution. Lab Alley’s Potassium Permanganate, 0.042N Solution is composed of around 0.13 wt.% of pure Potassium Permanganate salt dissolved in >99% of purified water. Lab Alley sells its high-quality Potassium Permanganate, 0.042N Solution, Reagent Grade online at laballey.com in the United States of America (USA). This Lab Alley product is highly recommended for research labs and other uses due to its high purity.
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If you have questions about how you get potassium permanganate here or about ordering potassium permanganate (KMnO4 | CAS RN 7722-64-7) in bulk online here at LabAlley.com or would like to place an order, call 512-668-9918 or email firstname.lastname@example.org to talk with a potassium permanganate Specialist. Lab Alley is a bulk distributor, wholesaler and supplier of potassium permanganate based in Austin, Texas.
Potassium Permanganate Chemical Properties
It is odorless and has a density of 2.70 g/mL, and a melting point of 240 °C. It is available commercially as powder, crystals or tablets. Chemical properties: Potassium permanganate readily dissolves in water to give a characteristic bright purple, dark pink or magenta colored solution. Read more here.
- Potassium Permanganate CAS Registry Number: 7722-64-7
- Potassium Permanganate Molecular Formula: KMnO4
- Potassium Permanganate PubChem CID: 516875
- Potassium Permanganate Molecular Weight: 158.034 g/mol
- Potassium Permanganate Melting Point: 464°F (240°C)
- Potassium Permanganate Molar Mass: 158.034 g/mol
- Potassium Permanganate IUPAC ID: Potassium manganate(VII)
- Potassium Permanganate Density: 2.7 g/cm³
- Potassium Permanganate Is Soluble in: Water
- Potassium Permanganate ChemSpider ID: 22810
- Potassium permanganate Structure, Properties, Spectra, Suppliers And Links
- Potassium Permanganate SDS: Contact Lab Alley at 512-668-9918 for a potassium permanganate Safety Data Sheet (SDS).
- IUPAC Name For Potassium Permanganate: Potassium manganate(VII)
- Other Names For Potassium Permanganate: Potassium permanganate, Chameleon mineral, Condy's crystals, Permanganate of potash, Hypermangan
Potassium Permanganate Overview
Potassium permanganate is used as a medication for a number of skin conditions. It is a commonly used chemical for sterilization applications. This includes fungal infections of the foot, impetigo, pemphigus, superficial wounds, dermatitis, and tropical ulcers. For tropical ulcers it is used together with procaine benzylpenicillin. Potassium permanganate, also called Chameleon mineral, Permanganate of Potash, Permanganic acid and Condy's crystals, is a topical antiseptic. Buy Reagent Grade (ACS) potassium permanganate crystals at LabAlley.com for science experiments. Potassium permanganate is effective in fighting certain viruses. Iodine, a calcium hypochlorite and potassium permanganate are useful for virus inactivation. It also kills bacteria, fungi and algae.
Potassium permanganate appears as a purplish colored crystalline solid. Noncombustible but accelerates the burning of combustible material. Potassium permanganate is a common chemical compound that combines manganese oxide ore with potassium hydroxide. It was first developed as a disinfectant in 1857. Since then, it’s been widely used to treat a variety of skin conditions, including fungal infections. Buy analytical grade potassium permanganate over the counter at LabAlley.com.
Iron filter tanks are filled with a purple liquid that is made by adding Potassium Permanganate and water. Potassium Permanganate Plus will recharge iron filters that use the greensand or MTM as their iron removal media. This product comes in powder form. Filter-Mate Potassium Permanganate is a blend of greensand filter regenerates designed to rid the filter of iron and other minerals. Iron Magic Potassium Permanganate used to regenerate Greensand iron filters, MTM iron filters. It is also used with other types of iron removal systems. This is a free flowing fine grade style. Potassium Permanganate can be used in many other situations other than just use with Greensand filters.
Information On Potassium Permanganate From Wikipedia
Potassium permanganate is a chemical compound with chemical formula KMnO4; specifically, a salt consisting of K+ and MnO−4 ions (with manganese is in the +7 oxidation state). It is a purplish-black crystalline solid, that dissolves in water to give intensely pink or purple solutions. Potassium permanganate is widely used in chemical industry and laboratories as a strong oxidizing agent, and also as a medication for dermatitis, for cleaning wounds, and general disinfection. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. In 2000, worldwide production was estimated at 30,000 tonnes. Potassium permanganate is used extensively in the water treatment industry. It is used as a regeneration chemical to remove iron and hydrogen sulfide (rotten egg smell) from well water via a "Manganese Greensand" Filter. "Pot-Perm" is also obtainable at pool supply stores and is used additionally to treat waste water. Historically it was used to disinfect drinking water and can turn the water pink. It currently finds application in the control of nuisance organisms such as zebra mussels in fresh water collection and treatment systems. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate For Water Treatment
To treat water, use 3 to 4 crystals per liter. Potassium permanganate is a point-of-entry treatment method that oxidizes dissolved iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide into solid particles that are filtered out of the water. It can also be used to control iron bacteria growth in wells. Read more here.
Potassium permanganate is used extensively in the water treatment industry. It is used as a regeneration chemical to remove iron and hydrogen sulfide (rotten egg smell) from well water via a "Manganese Greensand" Filter. "Pot-Perm" is also obtainable at pool supply stores and is used additionally to treat waste water. Historically it was used to disinfect drinking water and can turn the water pink. It currently finds application in the control of nuisance organisms such as zebra mussels in fresh water collection and treatment systems. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate For Skin
Potassium permanganate is used as a wet dressing for wounds on your skin's surface that are blistered or oozing pus. Athlete's foot and impetigo. Potassium permanganate can help to treat both bacterial and fungal skin infections such as athlete's foot and impetigo. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate Solutions Are Used For The Synthesis Of Organic Compounds
Aside from its use in water treatment, the other major application of KMnO4 is as a reagent for the synthesis of organic compounds. Significant amounts are required for the synthesis of ascorbic acid, chloramphenicol, saccharin, isonicotinic acid, and pyrazinoic acid. Called Baeyer's reagent after the German organic chemist Adolf von Baeyer, KMnO4 is used in qualitative organic analysis to test for the presence of unsaturation. The reagent is an alkaline solution of potassium permanganate. Reaction with double or triple bonds (-C=C- or -C≡C-) causes the color to fade from purplish-pink to brown. Aldehydes and formic acid (and formic acid esters) also give a positive test. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate With Hydrogen Peroxide
It is a reaction between 50% Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) . It is a very vigorous reaction which steam (H2O) and Oxygen (O2) are the desired products, side products include Manganese(IV) oxide (MnO2) and trace amount of Potassium compound. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate Is Used In Survival Kits
Potassium permanganate is typically included in survival kits: as a hypergolic fire starter (mixed with antifreeze from a car radiator or glycerol and potassium permanganate), water sterilizer, and for creating distress signals on snow. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate For Analytical Use In Analytical Chemistry Laboratories
Potassium permanganate can be used to quantitatively determine the total oxidizable organic material in an aqueous sample. The value determined is known as the permanganate value. In analytical chemistry, a standardized aqueous solution of KMnO4 is sometimes used as an oxidizing titrant for redox titrations (permanganometry). As potassium permanganate is titrated, the solution becomes a light shade of magenta, which darkens as excess of the titrant is added to the solution. In a related way, it is used as a reagent to determine the Kappa number of wood pulp. For the standardization of KMnO4 solutions, reduction by oxalic acid is often used. Aqueous, acidic solutions of KMnO4 are used to collect gaseous mercury in flue gas during stationary source emissions testing. In histology, potassium permanganate was used as a bleaching agent. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate Side Effects
Side effects may include irritation of the skin and discoloration of clothing. If it is taken by mouth, toxicity and death may occur. Potassium permanganate is an oxidizing agent. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate Hazards
Breathing Potassium Permanganate can irritate the nose and throat. Breathing Potassium Permanganate can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. Higher exposures can cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate For Fire Service Applications
Potassium permanganate is added to "plastic sphere dispensers" to create backfires, burnouts, and controlled burns. Polymer spheres resembling ping-pong balls containing small amounts of permanganate are injected with ethylene glycol and projected towards the area where ignition is desired, where they spontaneously ignite seconds later. Both handheld and helicopter or boat mounted plastic sphere dispensers are used. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate For Plants And Fish
Potassium permanganate (PP) is a compound that is used by aquarists for the disinfecting of plants or ornaments before placement into aquariums. It is used to remove organic build-up in tank water, and kill bacteria and fungi. It is also employed to treat some parasites that infect fish. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate Structure
The formula and structure: Potassium permanganate is an ionic compound poised of potassium cation (K+) and the permanganate anion (MnO4-), in which the manganese atom is attached to four oxygen atoms through one single bond and three double bonds. The manganese metal is in the +7-oxidation state in this salt. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate Solution
A potassium permanganate solution is made by dissolving crystals or powder in water aiming for a 1-in-10,000 solution. Potassium permanganate tablets can also be used. The tablets should be dissolved in hot water before pouring into the bath. The potassium permanganate solution should be a pink color. Read more here.
How Potassium Permanganate Is Used In Organic Chemistry
Dilute solutions of KMnO4 convert alkenes into diols (glycols). This behavior is also used as a qualitative test for the presence of double or triple bonds in a molecule, since the reaction decolorizes the initially purple permanganate solution and generates a brown precipitate (MnO2). In this context, it is sometimes called Baeyer's reagent. However, bromine serves better in measuring unsaturation (double or triple bonds) quantitatively, since KMnO4, being a very strong oxidizing agent, can react with a variety of groups. Glycols and polyols are highly reactive toward KMnO4. For example, addition of potassium permanganate to an aqueous solution of sugar and sodium hydroxide produces the chemical chameleon reaction, which involves dramatic color changes associated with the various oxidation states of manganese. A related vigorous reaction is exploited as a fire starter in survival kits. For example, a mixture of potassium permanganate and glycerol or pulverized glucose ignites readily. Its sterilizing properties are another reason for inclusion of KMnO4 in a survival kit. By itself, potassium permanganate does not dissolve in many organic solvents. If an organic solution of permanganate is desired, "purple benzene" may be prepared, either by treating a two phase mixture of aqueous potassium permanganate and benzene with a quaternary ammonium salt, or by sequestering the potassium cation with a crown ether. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate Is Used To Preserve Fruit Such As Bananas
Ethylene absorbents extend storage time of bananas even at high temperatures. This effect can be exploited by packing bananas in polyethylene together with potassium permanganate. By removing ethylene by oxidation, the permanganate delays the ripening, increasing the fruit's shelf life up to 4 weeks without the need for refrigeration. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate For Hair
Potassium permanganate is a chemical compound that's used to treat several kinds of skin conditions, including bacterial and fungal infections.
Information On Potassium Permanganate From PubChem
Potassium permanganate appears as a purplish colored crystalline solid. Noncombustible but accelerates the burning of combustible material. If the combustible material is finely divided the mixture may be explosive. Contact with liquid combustible materials may result in spontaneous ignition. Contact with sulfuric acid may cause fire or explosion. Used to make other chemicals and as a disinfectant. Read more here.
History Of Potassium Permanganate
In 1659, Johann Rudolf Glauber fused a mixture of the mineral pyrolusite (manganese dioxide, MnO2) and potassium carbonate to obtain a material that, when dissolved in water, gave a green solution (potassium manganate) which slowly shifted to violet and then finally red. This report represents the first description of the production of potassium permanganate. Just under 200 years later, London chemist Henry Bollmann Condy had an interest in disinfectants; he found that fusing pyrolusite with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and dissolving it in water produced a solution with disinfectant properties. He patented this solution, and marketed it as 'Condy's Fluid'. Although effective, the solution was not very stable. This was overcome by using potassium hydroxide (KOH) rather than NaOH. This was more stable, and had the advantage of easy conversion to the equally effective potassium permanganate crystals. This crystalline material was known as 'Condy's crystals' or 'Condy's powder'. Potassium permanganate was comparatively easy to manufacture, so Condy was subsequently forced to spend considerable time in litigation to stop competitors from marketing similar products. Early photographers used it as a component of flash powder. It is now replaced with other oxidizers, due to the instability of permanganate mixtures. Read more here.
Potassium Permanganate For Antlers
potassium permanganate for antlers Mix 1/2 teaspoon of potassium permanganate per 1 1/2 cups of water. Fill a bucket or bowl with as much of the mixture as you need to cover your antlers. The solution will be a deep purple once mixed, but it will stain your antlers brown. Read more here.
Uses Of Potassium Permanganate
Registered for use in the U.S. but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses. Used occasionally for bulbs and rhizomes, and for dipping grafting knives and other tools. Bleaching resins, waxes, fats, oils, straw, cotton, silk and other fibers and chamois skins; dyeing wood brown; printing fabrics; washing carbon dioxide in manuf mineral waters; exterminating Oidium tuckeri; photography; tanning leathers; purifying water; with formaldehyde soln to expel formaldehyde gas for disinfecting; as an important reagent in analytical and synthetic organic chemistry. Environmental applications, such as drinking water treatment (removal of tastes, odors, iron, and manganese, control of trihalomethanes; wastewater treatment (destruction of hydrogen sulfide and other toxic and/or corrosive compounds, including phenols and plating wastes; and air purification (degradation of malodorous or toxic constituents in industrial off-gases); in chemical processing, especially the manufacture of synthetic organics (e.g., saccharine, chloroamphenicol, ascorbic acid, isonicotinic acid, pyrazinoic acid); used for the purification of such chemicals as methanol, ethanol, acetic acid, caprolactam, adiponitrile, plasticizers, carbon dioxide for dry ice manufacture, zinc chloride, and hydrofluoric acid; in the bleaching of indigo and other dyes for cotton twill fashion garments; surface treatment of carbon steels and stainless steels (descaling and desmutting, especially in wire manufacture), etching of rubber and plastics, and decontamination of nuclear reactors; fish farmers to prevent oxygen depletion and to control fish parasites. Used as an unclassified sanitizer, disinfectant, bacteriocide, and germicide against animal pathogenic bacteria (gram neg and gram pos vegetative) in egg processing water. Used as an unclassified, conditional microbicide, microbistat, fungicide, and algaecide on cooling tower waters. Used as an unclassified sanitizer against animal pathogenic bacteria (gram neg and gram pos vegetative) on food processing plant premises, food processing plant surfaces, and food processing equipment. Used as an insecticide, miticide, and algaecide in ornamental fish ponds and aquaria water. Read more here.
- Oxidizing agent
- Volumetric analysis
Potassium permanganate poses risks as an oxidizer. Contact with skin will result in a long lasting pinkish/purple stain.
Please contact us to request a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and Certificate of Analysis (COA) for Potassium Permanganate 0.042N Solution.