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Ammonium hydroxide, also known as ammonia water, ammonia solution, ammoniacal liquor, ammonia liquor, aqua ammonia, aqueous ammonia, or (inaccurately) ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water. It can be denoted by the symbols NH3(aq). Although the name ammonium hydroxide suggests an alkali with composition [NH4+][OH−], it is actually impossible to isolate samples of NH4OH. The ions NH4+ and OH− do not account for a significant fraction of the total amount of ammonia except in extremely dilute solutions. Read more here.
Ammonium Hydroxide Chemical Properties And Reference Information
Ammonium hydroxide is an effective disinfectant against coccidial oocysts. Ammonium hydroxide is used as a cleaning agent and sanitizer in many household and industrial cleaners. Ammonium hydroxide is commonly used as a laboratory disinfectant. Ammonia is used to produce monochloramine, which is used as a disinfectant. Chloramine is preferred over chlorination for its ability to remain active in stagnant water pipes longer, reducing the risk of waterborne infections.
Ammonium hydroxide can be found in the bathroom, floor, glass, carpet, metal, upholstery, and all-purpose cleaners as well as starches, disinfectants, and stain treaters. Most household ammonia contains 5 to 10 percent ammonium hydroxide. Read more here.
As soon as water is added to ammonia, it becomes ammonium hydroxide, a substance commonly used for cleaning. The high alkalinity of ammonium hydroxide is effective at killing microbial agents like bacteria, so ammonium hydroxide is great for sanitation and has both household and industrial uses. Read more here.
About Ammonium Hydroxide
Ammonium hydroxide, also called Aqua Ammonia, solution of ammonia gas in water, a common commercial form of ammonia. It is a colorless liquid with a strong characteristic odor. In concentrated form, ammonium hydroxide can cause burns on contact with the skin; ordinary household ammonia, used as a cleanser, is dilute ammonium hydroxide.
How Ammonium Hydroxide Is Used In Homes And Laboratories In The United States
High quality ammonium hydroxide is used in America as a cleaning agent and sanitizer in very many household and industrial cleaners. Ammonium hydroxide is also used in the manufacture of products such rayon, fertilizer, plastic, rayon and rubber. Aqueous ammonia is corrosive to aluminum alloys, copper, copper alloys, and galvanized surfaces.
Ammonium hydroxide (Ammonia Solution): If the pH of the mobile phase needs to be increased to enhance LC separations then ammonium hydroxide (ammonia solution) is suitable. If analyzing weakly acidic compounds in negative ion mode there will be no suppression of ionization. Read more here.
Ammonium hydroxide appears as a colorless aqueous solution. Concentration of ammonia ranges up to approximately 30%. Ammonia vapors (which arise from the solution) irritate the eyes. Ammonium hydroxide is a solution of ammonia in water. It has a role as a food acidity regulator. Uses: Textiles; mfr of rayon, rubber; condensation polymerization; pharmaceuticals; ceramics; photography (development of latent images); ammonia soaps; lubricants; fireproofing wood; ink mfr; ammonium cmpd; saponifying fats & oils; org synth; detergent; household cleanser; food additive. Detergent, removing stains, bleaching, calico printing, extracting plant colors (cochineal, archil, etc.) and alkaloids; manuf ammonium salts, aniline dyes, and a wide variety of other uses. Read more here.
Ammonium hydroxide – commonly known as household ammonia – is an ingredient in many everyday household cleaning products. Ammonia is a basic building block for ammonium nitrate fertilizer, which releases nitrogen, an essential nutrient for growing plants, including farm crops and lawns. Read more here.
Aqueous ammonia is used in traditional qualitative inorganic analysis as a complexant and base. Like many amines, it gives a deep blue coloration with copper(II) solutions. Ammonia solution can dissolve silver oxide residues, such as that formed from Tollens' reagent. It is often found in solutions used to clean gold, silver, and platinum jewelry, but may have adverse effects on porous gem stones like opals and pearls. Aqueous solutions of ammonia hydroxide are used in multiple pharmaceutical processes as a mild alkalizer.
Clear, colorless liquid used in cosmetics to adjust a product's pH. Ammonium hydroxide is synthetic and sometimes used instead of sodium hydroxide to maintain an acidic pH in AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) or similar exfoliant products. The small amounts used in cosmetics are not considered sensitizing on skin. Read more here.
When used in hair dyes and colors, Ammonia helps prepare the hair so that the dye can diffuse into the hair shaft. Ammonium Hydroxide may also function as a denaturant . Ammonium Hydroxide is the name given to a solution of Ammonia in water. Ammonium Hydroxide does not exist as an isolated chemical. Read more here.
Ammonium hydroxide solutions are used as cleansers and detergents to remove vegetable stains, grease, dirt, proteins, and other accretions from clothing, glass, and ceramics. It has been used in paint strippers to soften casein paints. Ammonia water acts as a stain for wood, producing a deep red color in mahogany. Read more here.
The list of foods in which ammonium hydroxide is used as a direct food additive is extensive and includes baked goods, cheeses, chocolates, other confectionery (e.g., caramel), and puddings. Ammonium hydroxide is also used as an antimicrobial agent in meat products. Read more here.
Industrial Use: In food production, ammonium hydroxide is used as a leavening agent or acidity regulator and is classified by the Food and Drug Administration as generally recognized as safe (GRAS). Its pH control abilities make it an effective antimicrobial agent. Read more here.
The major hazards encountered in the use and handling of ammonium hydroxide stem from its toxicologic properties. Toxic by all routes (ie, inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact), exposure to this colorless, intensely pungent-smelling liquid may occur from its use in fertilizers, dyes, explosives, plastics, cleansing agents, fibers, and resins. Effects from exposure may include extreme irritation of the eyes and mucous membranes, contact burns to the skin and eyes, and life-threatening pulmonary edema. In activities and situations where over-exposure is possible, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus, and protective clothing (including full face protection).
If contact should occur, immediately flush affected skin or eyes with running water for at least 15 minutes, and remove contaminated clothing and shoes at the site. While ammonium hydroxide does not ignite easily, it can burn with the production of irritating or poisonous gases.
Fires involving ammonium hydroxide may be extinguished with dry chemical, CO2, Halon, water spray, fog, or standard foam. Ammonium hydroxide may be shipped via air, rail, road, and water, in containers bearing warning labels that differ depending upon the density, specific gravity, and percent composition of the solution being shipped. Consult the regulatory requirements of the US Department of Transportation before shipping.
Ammonium hydroxide should be stored in cool, well-ventilated areas, in strong glass, plastic, or rubber stoppered bottles, away from heavy metals, acids, and combustibles (eg, wood, paper, oil). For small spills of ammonium hydroxide, first isolate the spill area, then take up with sand or other noncombustible absorbent and place into a container for later disposal. Large spills should be diked far ahead of the spill, taking care to stay out of low areas. Before implementing land disposal of waste ammonium hydroxide, consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance.
Ammonium hydroxide consists of two ions: NH4+ and OH-. If our subject is a base, it will readily accept H+ ions, while if it is an acid, it will readily donate H+ ions. Ammonium hydroxide contains OH-, so it will readily accept H+ ions to balance the free OH- ions. The compound is therefor a base. Read more here.
A small amount of the dissolved NH3 reacts with the H+ of the water to produce NH4+ ions and the OH- ion from the ion isation of the water makes the solution weakly basic. NH3 is readily soluble in water NH4OH does not exist and does one cannot the exact nature of its solubility in water. Read more here.
Don't combine ammonia with any other products, including other cleaners. Dispose of them one at a time, flushing them down the drain with plenty of water. Do not simply put excess ammonia in the trash. You must either dilute it or neutralize it. Read more here.