Sulfuric Acid Uses In Industrial Production, Homes And Labs
What Is Sulfuric Acid Used For?
Sulfuric acid is used in homes as a drain cleaner, as a reagent in laboratories and extensively in manufacturing processes. H₂SO₄ is used to make fertilizers, to process metals, to perform science experiments, for battery acid, in household and toilet cleaners and to treat water.
Sulfuric Acid Functions And Facts
The primary use of sulfuric acid is in the production of fertilizer. It is used to manufacture of other chemicals such as hydrochloric acid and nitric acid. It is to produce sulfate salts, medicines, synthetic detergents, dyes and pigments, explosives and pharmaceutical drugs. Read more here.
How To Use Sulfuric Acid Safely
Download a Sulfuric Acid Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet, here.
Learn how you can use baking soda to neutralize sulfuric acid spills, in this PDF.
Find out how to use sulfuric acid safely to clean a drain, here.
Use Sulfuric Acid Safely For Drains, Gold Recovery, Metal Cleaning Or Rust Removal
Buy sulfuric acid at LabAlley.com.
Learn how to safely refine gold with sulfuric acid, here.
Sulfuric acid is an excellent rust remover but it can be extremely dangerous when not handled responsibly.
Sulfuric acid is used in metal processing as well as manufacturing zinc and copper.
Sulfuric acid is also used during the process of pickling (cleaning) of steel and iron surfaces before plating them with tin or zinc.
Sulfuric Acid For Laboratory Work And Chemical Analysis
Order a 16 ounce (500 mL) bottle of ACS Reagent Grade Sulfuric Acid H2SO4, Concentrated (CAS: 7664-93-9, US DOT UN2796, Class 8), here.
Read sulfuric acid storage and disposal safety tips, here.
How To Use Sulfuric Acid Safely To Clean Drains, Unclog Toilets And Where To Buy It
Sulfuric Acid For Drains
Chemical drain cleaners are either alkaline-based, with ingredients such as sodium hydroxide (lye) and potassium hydroxide (caustic potash); or acid-based, with high concentrations of sulfuric acid (oil of vitriol).
Both types of drain cleaners can dissolve hair in pipes. Chemical drain cleaners are more corrosive; in fact, they may eventually damage your plumbing if used frequently or in large amounts. They must be safely handled and carefully stored.
Sulfuric acid at high concentrations is frequently the major ingredient in acidic drain cleaners which are used to remove grease, hair, tissue paper, etc.
Similar to their alkaline versions, such drain openers can dissolve fats and proteins via hydrolysis.
Because concentrated sulfuric acid has a strong dehydrating property, it can remove tissue paper via dehydrating process as well.
Since the acid may react with water vigorously, such acidic drain openers should be added slowly into the pipe to be cleaned.
Learn how to use sulfuric acid for cleaning drains, here.
Chemical drain cleaners that contain a high level (93% to 96%) of Lab Alley Brand Sulfuric Acid, unclog stubborn plastic and metal pipes by dissolving hair, grease and paper products.
Sulfuric Acid Drain Cleaner
Liquid Lightning drain opener is a buffered sulfuric acid solution that cleans scale and dissolves pipe clogs.
Order the proper size container of Lab Alley Brand Sulfuric Acid for making domestic and industrial cleaning products, for unclogging sink drains or cleaning out a blockage in your toilet drain.
Use Sulfuric Acid Safely In Your Laboratory, Classroom Or Home
December 17, 2021: Pictured above are two amber brown glass bottles of concentrated sulfuric acid in a laboratory.
More sulfuric acid is produced in the United States every year than any other chemical.
Laboratory managers buy sulfuric acid, here. Buy sulfuric acid from Fisher Scientific, here.
Because this very strong chemical is so corrosive and reactive, it dissolves most types of metal, and unfortunately, human tissue as well.
- Purchase sulfuric acid gloves, here.
Why People Buy Sulfuric Acid
Concentrated sulfuric acid is great for unclogging drains and dissolving rust because it is a corrosive mineral acid.
Read sulfuric acid safety tips, here. Read an excellent sulfuric acid safe handling guideline, here.
Science laboratory managers buy 1 liter bottles of reagent grade sulfuric acid, with a concentration of 1 mol/L (1M), for general purpose lab work.
Teachers buy concentrated sulfuric acid (95-98%) ACS reagent grade in 500mL bottles to analyze reactions in educational experiments and to titrate weak or strong bases.
Scientists order extra pure sulfuric acid 96% solution in water (18 molar), in 30mL bottles, from laboratory supply companies, to conduct organic chemistry demonstrations such as the "Carbon Snake".
Plumbers, septic services and janitors buy sulfuric acid legally over the counter without a license.
Private individuals and civilians buy sulfuric Acid online, locally in person at distribution centers in the United States by calling 512-668-9918.
Safety precautions, acid resistant protective clothing and gloves should be used when working with sulfuric acid.
Sulfuric acid spills and exposure are hazardous. Skin contact can cause pain, redness, severe burns, blistering and tissue damage when it comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes.
Industrial workers, plumbers, janitors, and homeowners and metal processors can be exposed to sulfuric acid through inhalation, ingestion, skin contact and eye contact.
Sulfuric acid is a colorless to dark-brown, oily, odorless liquid that is dissolved in water to make the various concentrations (96%, 95-98%, 70%, 50%, etc.) of aqueous solutions.
Analytical chemistry departments, and individuals order sulfuric acid solutions, as well as other acids and bases, online from Lab Alley.
ACS Reagent Grade Sulfuric Acid (95-98%) is commonly purchased by laboratory managers, here.
Industrial users that order sulfuric acid in bulk, include companies that are involved in hydraulic fracturing and fracking, water treatment, drilling and oil and gas production.
Sulfuric acid (H2S04) solutions are very useful for cleaning metals, for pH adjustment systems, use in the electrical industry, for septic tanks, for industrial applications and in analytical chemistry applications in laboratories.
Be aware that sulfuric acid reacts violently with alcohol and water to release heat.
Sulfuric acid reacts with most metals, particularly when diluted with water, to form flammable hydrogen gas, which may create an explosion hazard.
Sulfuric Acid Safety Precautions
Sulfuric Acid Safety Tips
Take safety precautions to avoid sulfuric acid leaks and spills and wear acid resistant protective clothing.
Wear nitrile or natural rubber gloves for prolonged contact with sulfuric acid.
Learn how to use sulfuric acid safely at work or home by downloading and reading Safety Data Sheets (SDSs), here.
On this page, you can watch sulfuric acid safety videos and read informative OSHA sulfuric acid safety guidelines.
Learn how to use sulfuric acid in your home or at work without being harmed by this highly useful, but corrosive chemical.
- If you or someone you are with has an exposure to sulfuric acid, call your local emergency number such as 911.
- You can also contact your local poison control center can be reached directly by calling the Poison Help hotline, at 1-800-222-1222, from anywhere in the United States.
Sulfuric Acid For Sale
December 17, 2021 - Picture above is a clear glass reagent bottle with sulfuric acid, also known as oil of vitriol.
Buy Sulfuric Acid
Buy sulfuric acid for drains, labs, anodizing, batteries and plumbing, here.
Sulfuric acid is a dangerous mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with the molecular formula H2SO4.
Lab Alley Brand Sulfuric Acids are colorless, odorless and viscous liquids that are miscible with water.
Buy concentrated reagent grade sulfuric acid in 500mL bottles for drains, science experiments, household cleaning products, medicine, gold recovery, water treatment, pH adjustment, drugs, batteries, pools, toilets and rust removal.
December 17, 2021: Pictured above is a 30 mL bottle of ACS reagent grade 96% sulfuric acid with 4% water.
Concentrated Sulfuric Acid For Sale
The Lab Alley Brands of Concentrated Sulfuric Acid are used safely in laboratory classrooms for educational experiments, reaction demonstrations and chemical analysis.
Concentrated Sulfuric Acid 18 Molar solution is sold by online retailers such as Lab Alley.
Sulfuric acid suppliers dissolve this colorless oily liquid (H₂SO₄) in water to produce aqueous solution concentrations, such as 39%, 50%, 70%, 78%, 93% or 98%.
Take safety precautions (CDC) with this substance to avoid the hazards (PDF) of sulfuric acid by wearing chemical splash goggles, McMaster-Carr sulfuric acid gloves and protective clothing.
H2SO4 is a highly reactive, is a corrosive oxidant with powerful dehydrating properties and is capable of igniting finely-divided combustible materials.
Sulfuric Acid Solutions For Sale
Listed below are some of the most widely purchased concentrations of sulfuric acid used for general purpose chemistry lab and educational in the U.S.
Sulfuric Acid 2.5 Liter Bottle Pictured Below
Concentrated Sulfuric Acid 2.5 Liter
Pictured above is a 2.5 liter bottle of premium quality Lab Alley Brand Sulfuric Acid 96% ACS Reagent Grade. For certain analytical chemistry applications, it is worth the money.
Sulfuric acid is sold online at LabAlley.com.
Buy sulfuric acid (CAS Registry Number 7664-93-9) in safe small glass bottles for household use or order sulfuric acid in bulk size chemical resistant drums for industrial use, here. Sulfuric acid.
Lab Alley Brand of concentrated sulfuric acid (96%), in the United States.
Buy Concentrated Sulfuric Acid 95%-98% Solution (H2SO4) online in bulk here, or by phone at 512-668-9918.
Order a 4 liter (1 gallon) bottle (pictured below) of ACS Reagent Grade Sulfuric Acid (95-98%) in a safe amber glass bottle.
Sulfuric Acid Grades And Concentrations
The various grades of Sulfuric Acid can be very dangerous at high concentrations, or if accidents occur.
It is also important to buy the highest quality and proper concentration of sulfuric acid solutions for your intended application.
Be sure to use the right grade and concentration of sulfuric acid for gold recovery, as a laboratory reagent or for cleaning drains.
Before you buy sulfuric acid online, locally in person near you or by telephone, compare costs and prices for the right concentration, form and grade of sulfuric acid, here.
The Role Of Sulfuric Acid In Industry
Sulfuric acid is a very important commodity chemical, and indeed, a nation's sulfuric acid production is a good indicator of its industrial strength. Most of the sulfuric acid is consumed for fertilizers, particularly superphosphates, ammonium phosphate and ammonium sulfates. About 20% is used in chemical industry for production of detergents, synthetic resins, dyestuffs, pharmaceuticals, petroleum catalysts, insecticides and antifreeze, as well as in various processes such as oil well acidizing, aluminum reduction, paper sizing, water treatment. About 6% of uses are related to pigments and include paints, enamels, printing inks, coated fabrics and paper, and the rest is dispersed into a multitude of applications such as production of explosives, cellophane, acetate and viscose textiles, lubricants, non-ferrous metals, and batteries.
Sulfuric acid is a dense, oily liquid that can be colorless to brown, depending on the purity. It can also exist as ice- or fiber-like crystals or as a gas. Sulfuric acid is also called battery acid. It is odorless with a strong acid taste. Sulfuric acid reacts violently with water, generating much heat. It is highly corrosive. USE: Sulfuric acid is an important commercial chemical used to make fertilizers, explosives, dyestuffs and other chemicals. It is used in petroleum refining, ore processing, paper manufacturing, battery manufacturing, leather industries, printing and jewelry making. In some countries it is used in agriculture, as a desiccant on potatoes, flax and bulbs. It is used as a sanitizer for food processing and dairy facilities.
Sulfuric acid is manufactured from sulfur, oxygen and water via the conventional contact process (DCDA) or the wet sulfuric acid process (WSA).
What Sulfuric Acid Is Used For
Learn how sulfuric acid is used by individuals and companies in the United States.
The major use of sulfuric acid is in the production of fertilizers, e.g., superphosphate of lime and ammonium sulfate. It is widely used in the manufacture of chemicals, e.g., in making hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfate salts, synthetic detergents, dyes and pigments, explosives, and drugs.
Learn how to use sulfuric acid for drain cleaning, here. Learn how to use sulfuric acid for batteries, here.
Sulfuric acid is the aqueous electrolyte used in battery – lead acid batteries. Sulfuric acid is diluted with chemically clean & pure water (demineralized water) to obtain about 37% concentration by weight of acid. The lead acid battery electrolyte concentration or battery acid pH differs from battery manufacturer to manufacturer.
Find out if you should use sulfuric acid to treat your pool, here.
Sulfuric acid is used to raise the overall acidity of your pool water. This is often done to balance the pH level of your pool (lowering the number). It is also done to control the total Alkalinity of the water.
Sulfuric acid has been used in swimming pools, though it tends to increase the level of Total Dissolved Solids quite rapidly. It also adds to unwanted sulfates in the pool water. It is used in pools where a few cents in the maintenance budget makes a difference but is NOT recommended, especially for public pools.
Learn about sulfuric acid for drain fields cesspools, here. Acid treatment for drain fields and cesspits has been the center of controversy for many years. This post will give the reader some insight into the pros and cons of using chemical additives in a drain fields, cesspits and cesspools.
Chemical additives such as caustic soda, hydrogen peroxide, sulfuric acid have all been used as chemical additives in the treatment of bio mat buildup in septic systems. These products have all been credited with restoring the leaching properties of failed septic system.
How To Work With Sulfuric Acid Safely
Find out how to purchase, use, handle, store, transport, clean up and dispose of sulfuric acid with a minimum of risk.
Information on sulfuric acid safety and hazards is available from The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), here.
Sulfuric acid safety precautions must be understood and used because this corrosive chemical is destructive to the skin, eyes, teeth, and lungs. Severe exposure can even result in death.
Information on sulfuric acid laboratory hazards, sulfuric acid dilution hazards and sulfuric acid industrial hazards are listed, here.
Find out how sulfuric acid is used to produce other chemicals, as an industrial cleaning agent to remove oxidation, rust, and scaling from metals, here.
Learn how sulfuric acid is used as a catalyst in the chemistry industry, as an electrolyte in lead-acid batteries and as a drain cleaner, here.
The corrosiveness of sulfuric acid solutions is highly dependent on concentration, acid impurities and temperature.
Sulfuric acid (CAS Registry Number 7664-93-9), also known as hydrogen sulfate, is a highly corrosive, clear, colorless, odorless, strong mineral acid with the formula H2SO4. Download an occupational health guideline for sulfuric acid from the CDC, here.
Watch How-To Sulfuric Acid Demonstration Videos On YouTube
Sulfuric Acid Reactions
Use concentrated sulfuric acid (95-98%) and sulfuric acid 93% (92-94%) carefully because these concentrations react with water, sodium hydroxide, alcohol, sugar, aluminum, bases, metals and calcium carbonate.
Sulfuric acid reacts violently with alcohol and water to release heat.
Read a sulfuric acid safety guide, here.
- Watch a cool science demonstration video to see the power of concentrated sulfuric acid on YouTube.
How Sulfuric Acid Is Used In Manufacturing In the US
Sulfuric acid is an important commercial chemical used to make fertilizers, explosives, dyestuffs and other chemicals. It is used in petroleum refining, ore processing, paper manufacturing, battery manufacturing, leather industries, printing and jewelry making. In some countries it is used in agriculture, as a desiccant on potatoes, flax and bulbs. It is used as a sanitizer for food processing and dairy facilities.
EXPOSURE: Workers that use sulfuric acid may breathe in mists or have direct skin contact. The general population may be exposed to sulfuric acid when breathing in ambient air or dermal contact with products containing sulfuric acid, such as the material that forms on car battery terminals or battery acid itself. Sulfuric acid is formed when some types of toilet bowl cleaners mix with water. One chemical released when cutting onions mixes with the water in the eye to form sulfuric acid which causes tearing.
If sulfuric acid is released to the environment, it will be broken down gradually in air. Sulfuric acid released to air will also be in or on particles that eventually fall to the ground. Sulfuric acid contributes to the formation of acid rain. It is expected to be broken down by sunlight. Sulfuric acid is present in the air mainly from the hydrolysis of sulfur oxides produced by combustion, both natural and burning coal, oil and gas. It will not move into air from moist soil and water surfaces. It is expected to move easily through soil. Under certain conditions it will be broken down by microorganisms. Sulfuric acid exposed to air is rapidly taken up by water and produces white fumes. Read more here.
Occupational Sulfuric Acid Safety Information And Resources
YouTube Video Titled "Sulfuric Acid Safety Information | Industrial Chemistry"
Uploaded by iitutor.com on March 14, 2016
Before working with sulfuric acid, individuals should be trained in its proper handling and storage and know how to use proper personal protective equipment, including protective gloves and chemical-resistant clothing and boots, splash-proof goggles, and respirators approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) for use with sulfuric acid.
How To Handle, Store And Dispose Of Sulfuric Acid Safely
Contact With Sulfuric Acid, Burns, Exposure Symptoms And Treatments
A sulfuric acid burn is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment.
If sulfuric acid makes direct contact with the eyes, it can cause permanent blindness.
Stay safe by learning about symptoms of sulfuric acid exposure from the CDC, here.
If you get sulfuric acid on you, flush your skin with soap and lukewarm water for at least 30 minutes. Do not scrub or rub your skin.
Personal Protective Equipment For Sulfuric Acid
PPE Required For Sulfuric Acid
It is important to use personal protective equipment, eye and face protection when working with sulfuric acid. Wear chemical safety goggles and a face shield when contact with H₂SO₄ is possible.
Protect your skin from sulfuric acid by wearing chemical-resistant protective clothing, gloves, an apron, boots and an NIOSH approved respirator.
Learn how to limit the risk of exposure to sulfuric acid in the workplace with the correct use of PPE (personal protective equipment), here.
Carelessness causes sulfuric acid damage, skin burns and injuries in workplaces and in homes when this corrosive chemical is splashed on an uncovered face or eyes.
Wear acid resistant protective clothing and gloves when you work with this corrosive substance in your laboratory, at your job or in your home.
Frequently Asked Sulfuric Acid Questions
Q: What is sulfuric acid used for?
A: In various concentrations, sulfuric acid is used in the manufacture of fertilizers, pigments, dyes, drugs, explosives, detergents, and inorganic salts and acids, as well as in petroleum refining and metallurgical processes.
Q: What are the main uses of sulfuric acid?
A: The major use of sulfuric acid is in the production of fertilizers, e.g., superphosphate of lime and ammonium sulfate. It is widely used in the manufacture of chemicals, e.g., in making hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfate salts, synthetic detergents, dyes and pigments, explosives, and drugs.
Q: Is Sulfuric Acid Safe For Humans?
A: Sulfuric acid (H2S04) is a corrosive substance, destructive to the skin, eyes, teeth, and lungs. Concentrated sulfuric acid can catch fire or explode when it comes into contact with many chemicals including acetone, alcohols, and some finely divided metals. Severe exposure can result in death. Workers may be harmed from exposure to sulfuric acid. The level of exposure depends on dose, duration, and type of work being done.
Q: Is Sulfuric Acid Good For Skin?
A: Sulfuric acid is a very strong chemical that is corrosive. It causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Strong inorganic acid mists containing sulfuric acid are carcinogenic. Corrosive means it can cause severe burns and tissue damage when it comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes.
Q: Where Is Sulfuric Acid Found?
A: Sulfuric acid is found in battery acid and in Earth's acid rain. Pure sulfuric acid is not encountered naturally on Earth in anhydrous form, due to its great affinity for water. Dilute sulfuric acid is a constituent of acid rain, which is formed by atmospheric oxidation of sulfur dioxide in the presence of water – i.e., oxidation of sulfurous acid. When sulfur-containing fuels such as coal or oil are burned, sulfur dioxide is the main byproduct (besides the chief products carbon oxides and water).
Sulfuric acid is formed naturally by the oxidation of sulfide minerals, such as iron sulfide. The resulting water can be highly acidic and is called acid mine drainage (AMD) or acid rock drainage (ARD). This acidic water is capable of dissolving metals present in sulfide ores, which results in brightly colored, toxic solutions.
Q: How Do You Make Sulfuric Acid?
A: Sulfuric acid is prepared industrially by the reaction of water with sulfur trioxide (see sulfur oxide), which in turn is made by chemical combination of sulfur dioxide and oxygen either by the contact process or the chamber process. Sulfuric acid is produced from sulfur, oxygen and water via the contact process.
Q: What Can Sulfuric Acid Dissolve?
A: Sulfuric acid is very reactive and dissolves most metals, it is a concentrated acid that oxidizes, dehydrates, or sulfonates most organic compounds, often causes charring. Sulfuric acid reacts violently with alcohol and water to release heat. Acidic water can dissolve metals present in sulfide ores, resulting in brightly colored and toxic streams.
Q: Does 100% Sulfuric Acid Exist?
A: Pure sulfuric acid does not exist naturally on Earth due to its strong affinity to water vapor; for this reason, it is hygroscopic and readily absorbs water vapor from the air. Sulfuric acid is sometimes referred to as the “king of chemicals” because it is produced worldwide in such large quantities. Although 100% sulfuric acid can be made, this loses SO3 at the boiling point to produce 98.3% acid. The 98% grade is also more stable for storage, making it the usual form for "concentrated" sulfuric acid. Other concentrations of sulfuric acid are used for different purposes.
Q: Is Sulfuric Acid Used In Food?
A: Sulfuric Acid is commonly used in the food industry for pH adjustment to inhibit growth of microbes and bacteria. In the food industry, sulfuric acid is stored in special tanks to prevent contamination. It is used in the production of food acids (PDF) and is a general purpose food additive.
Q: What Products Contain Sulfuric Acid?
A: Sulfuric acid is contained in car batteries (lead-acid batteries) and it is also contained in household products like drain and toilet bowl cleaners. Drain cleaners, aluminum cleaners, laundry detergent and dish detergents are common household products that contain sulfuric acid.
Q: Do Batteries Contain Sulfuric Acid?
Battery acid is sulfuric acid that has been diluted with water to attain a 37% concentration level. A typical lead–acid battery contains a mixture with varying concentrations of water and acid. Sulfuric acid is used in sealed lead acid batteries. When a lead acid battery is fully charged, the electrolyte is composed of a solution that consists of up to 40 percent sulfuric acid.
Q: What Are Medicinal Uses Of Sulfuric Acid?
A: Sulfuric acid in the production of drugs: Sulfuric acid can damage the cancerous cell DNA, hence used to manufacture chemotherapy drugs. Pure grades of sulfuric acid, such as USP grade, are used for making pharmaceuticals. Sulfuric acid is used as an ingredient in skin ointments to treat skin infections, such as canker sores.
Q: What Happens If You Are Exposed To Sulfuric Acid?
A: Exposure to sulfuric acid may occur through skin contact, eye contact, ingestion, and breathing contaminated air. Severe exposure can result in death. Sulfuric acid can cause severe skin burns, it can burn the eyes, burn holes in the stomach if swallowed, irritate the nose and throat, and cause difficulties breathing if inhaled.
Q: What Should You Do If You Are Exposed To Sulfuric Acid?
A: If you get sulfuric acid get on your skin, immediately flush the contaminated skin with water. If you inhale sulfuric acid aerosols, seek fresh air and medical attention immediately. If liquid sulfuric acid or solutions containing sulfuric acid penetrate through the clothing, remove the clothing immediately and flush the skin with water. Get medical attention immediately.
Sulfuric Acid Shelf Life And Expiration Dates
Because sulfuric acid is an inorganic chemical, it has essentially an "infinite" shelf life. Some ACS grade sulfuric acid products do not have an expiration date. They will remain intact until it is reacted with other chemicals.
Sulfuric acid stays active for many years if it is stored properly. It is very stable and does not degrade or react unless it has contact with impurities or the atmosphere.
Lab Alley Brand Sulfuric acid has a very long shelf life and is normally stable. Reactivity hazards and conditions to avoid are water, humidity and moisture.
Sulfuric Acid For Gold Recovery
Sulfuric acid is used for gold recovery from ic chips in E-waste recycling. Nitric acid (aqua fortis and spirit of niter), commercial grade concentration 68% in water, removes base metals and is used in aqua regia. Hydrochloric acid 32% is used in e-waste recycling and is the main part of aqua regia. Aqua Regia is a gold recovery chemical solution.
Take the proper precautions when you buy sulfuric acid from Lab Alley to recover gold from sludges, printed circuit boards or electronic scrap (waste).
It is important to use sulfuric acid safely for refining gold with sulfuric acid. Care must be taken when operating sulfuric acid stripping cells to harvest gold from gold plated jewelry and refining it to a high purity.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is needed when working with sulfuric acid during metal processing operations. The Lab Alley brands of analytical reagent grade sulfuric acid (ACS) are commonly used for leaching pre-treatments for gold recovery.
Extreme caution must be exercised when working with high concentrations of sulfuric acid. To be extremely safe when using high concentrations of sulfuric acid to recover gold, be sure to wear a face shield, safety goggles, chemical gloves, an acid suit and chemical boots.
Eye protection, chemical resistant gloves, chemical resistant boots and face shields are highly recommended when working with sulfuric acid in significant quantities. Even the low concentrations of sulfuric acid used for plumbing to clean drains and toilets can cause harm from exposure. Learn how to handle sulfuric acid in bulk, here.
Sulfuric Acid For pH Adjustment And Neutralization For Water Treatment
Sulfuric acid is commonly used for neutralizing acids or bases but caution must be used for pH adjust applications as an exothermic reaction will occur generating heat.
Available in concentrations ranging from 0% to 98% sulfuric is also the least expensive acid to use. Sulfuric acid is used almost universally for neutralization reactions. It is easier and safer to use than HCl or HNO3 and is more potent than all of the other acids except for phosphoric.
Sulfuric Acid In The Workplace
Examples of How Sulfuric Acid is Applied in the Workplace
- Metal Processing
- Lead-Acid Battery Production
- Farm Harvests
- Pharmaceutical Manufacturing
How Sulfuric Acid Exposure Harms Workers
- Skin Contact
- Eye Contact
Best Safety Practices When Working with Battery Acid
What PPE Should Be Worn When Working with Battery Acid?
Learn About Sulfuric And Other Acids At Wikipedia
- Wet Sulfuric Acid Process
- Fluorosulfuric Acid
- Sulfuric Acid Poisoning
- Mineral Acid
- Peroxydisulfuric Acid
- Nitrosylsulfuric Acid
- Disulfuric Acid
Sulfuric Acid Chemical 3D Structure Model Depiction
Sulfuric Acid 2D Chemical Structure Depiction
Sulfuric Acid Chemical Properties, Hazards And Uses
- Sulfuric Acid Formula: H2SO4
- Sulfuric Acid CAS Number: 7664-93-9
- Sulfuric Acid Density: 1.83 g/cm³
- Sulfuric Acid Boiling Point: 638.6°F (337°C)
- Sulfuric Acid Melting Point: 50°F (10°C)
- Sulfuric Acid Molecular Weight: 98.079 g/mol
- Sulfuric Acid Index of Refraction: 1.537
- Sulfuric Acid Solubility In Water: Fully miscible; (exothermic)
- Sulfuric Acid Acidity (pKa): −3, 1.99
- Sulfurc Acid PubChem CID: 1118
- Sulfurc Acid ChemSpider ID: 1086
- Sulfuric Acid On ChemicalBook.com
- Sulfuric Acid Safety And Hazards
- Sulfuric Acid Structure, Properties, Spectra, Suppliers And Links
- Sulfuric Acid Uses: Industrial Production Of Chemicals, Sulfur–Iodine Cycle, Industrial Cleaning Agent, Catalyst, Electrolyte And Domestic Uses
Sulfuric Acid Accidents In The News
- Sulfuric Acid Leaked At 3M’s Decatur plant, Records Show | Posted on August 28, 2019 By WHNT.com
- Chemical Supplier Loses Certification After Nearly Contaminating Michigan Community’s Drinking Water | Published on August 12, 2021 by MLive.com
- Houston-Area Water Park Faces Lawsuit After Chemical Spill That Hospitalized 31 People | Posted on July 20, 2021 by Houston Public Media
- More Than 300 Claims Added to Chemical Exposure Litigation Against Six Flags Splashtown | Published on December 10, 2021 by Longview News-Journal
- Limiting the Risk of Exposure to Hazardous Materials in the Workplace with the Correct Use of PPE | Published by OH&S on April 1, 2021
- UPDATE: Highway now open after Semi carrying sulfuric acid crashes in Leon County | Published by Fox 44 on October 26, 2021
Information About Sulfuric Acid From Wikipedia
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid), also known as vitriol, is a mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with molecular formula H2SO4.
It is a colorless, odorless, and viscous liquid that is soluble in water and is synthesized in reactions that are highly exothermic.
Its corrosiveness can be mainly ascribed to its strong acidic nature, and, if at a high concentration, its dehydrating and oxidizing properties.
It is also hygroscopic, readily absorbing water vapor from the air. Upon contact, sulfuric acid can cause severe chemical burns and even secondary thermal burns; it is very dangerous even at lower concentrations.
Sulfuric acid is a very important commodity chemical, and a nation's sulfuric acid production is a good indicator of its industrial strength.
It is widely produced with different methods, such as contact process, wet sulfuric acid process, lead chamber process and some other methods.
Sulfuric acid is also a key substance in the chemical industry. It is most commonly used in fertilizer manufacture, but is also important in mineral processing, oil refining, wastewater processing, and chemical synthesis.
It has a wide range of end applications including in domestic acidic drain cleaners, as an electrolyte in lead-acid batteries, in dehydrating a compound, and in various cleaning agents. Read more here.
Typical Grades, Concentrations And Common Names For Sulfuric Acid
- Diluted Sulfuric Acid Is <29% Concentration
- Battery Acid (used in lead–acid batteries) Is 29–32% Concentration
- Chamber Acid Or Fertilizer Acid Is 62–70% Concentration
- Tower Acid Or Glover Acid Is 78–80% Concentration
- 66 °Bé ("66-degree Baumé") Acid Is 93.2% Concentration
- Concentrated Sulfuric Acid Is 98.3% Concentration
Alternative Names And Synonyms For Sulfuric Acid
Synonyms include Oil of Vitriol (OV), Vitriolic acid, Hydrogen sulfate, and Oleum. It is also spelled sulphuric acid.
Sulfuric Acid Identifiers
- CAS Number: 7664-93-9
- 3D model (JSmol) Interactive image
- ChEBI: CHEBI:26836
- ChEMBL: ChEMBL572964
- ChemSpider: 1086
- ECHA InfoCard: 100.028.763
- EC Number: 231-639-5
- E number: E513 (acidity regulators, ...)
- Gmelin Reference: 2122
- KEGG: D05963
- PubChem CID: 1118
- RTECS number: WS5600000
- UNII: O40UQP6WCF
- UN number: 1830
- CompTox Dashboard (EPA): DTXSID5029683
Sulfuric acid is the most commonly used chemical for reducing pH in water treatment, although carbon dioxide is also sometimes used under certain circumstances, particularly in conjunction with lime to increase alkalinity. Read more here.
Sulfuric Acid Is Corrosive To All Body Tissues
Sulfuric acid is extremely corrosive to all body tissues. It is corrosive and irritating and causes direct local effects on the skin, eyes and gastrointestinal tracts after direct exposure.
It causes rapid tissue destruction and serious chemical burns on contact with the skin or eyes. Skin or eye contact requires immediate first aid. Inhalation of sulfuric acid mist or fumes may produce irritation of the nose, throat and respiratory tract.
Formula and structure: The chemical formula of sulfuric acid is H2SO4 and its molecular weight is 98.079 g/mol. Its chemical structure is shown below. The sulfur atom is bound to two oxygen atoms through double bonds, and two hydroxyl groups (OH) through single bonds. Read more here.
Concentrated Sulfuric Acid With Sodium Iodide
Sodium iodide react with sulfuric acid to produce iodine, hydrogen sulfide, sodium bisulfate and water. Sulfuric acid - concentrated solution. This reaction takes place at a temperature of 30-50°C.
How Does Hydrogen Bromide [HBr] React With Concentrated Sulfuric Acid?
Hydrogen bromide react with sulfuric acid to produce bromine, sulfur dioxide and water. Sulfuric acid and hydrogen bromide - concentrated solutions.
Sulfuric Acid With Sodium Hydroxide
2NaOH + H2SO4 = Na2SO4 + 2H2O. If there is insufficient amount of NaOH, sodium bisulphate will also be formed. NaOH + H2SO4 = NaHSO4 +H2O. The reaction is highly exothermic as enormous amount of heat is liberated. Read more here.
Why Concentrated Sulfuric Acid Is Used In Esterification
Esterification is a relatively slow process at room temperature and does not proceed to completion. Concentrated sulfuric acid is used as a catalyst, and has a dual role: Speeds up the reaction. Acts as a dehydrating agent, forcing the equilibrium to the right and resulting in a greater yield of ester.
Sulfuric acid is needed as a catalyst in an esterification reaction. Sulfuric acid provides the hydronium ions that protonate the carbonyl oxygen and make the carbonyl carbon a better electrophile. Even if you are using concentrated sulfuric acid, it contains 2 % water, so hydronium ions are present.
Information On Sulfurc Acid From PubChem
Sulfuric acid is a colorless oily liquid. It is soluble in water with release of heat. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. It will char wood and most other organic matter on contact, but is unlikely to cause a fire. Density 15 lb / gal. Long term exposure to low concentrations or short term exposure to high concentrations can result in adverse health effects from inhalation.
It is used to make fertilizers and other chemicals, in petroleum refining, in iron and steel production, and for many other uses. Rate of onset: Immediate Persistence: Hours, days Odor threshold: Source/use/other hazard: Battery/dyes/paper/glue/metals industries; volcanic gas; toxic fumes when heated.
Sulfuric acid is a sulfur oxoacid that consists of two oxo and two hydroxy groups joined covalently to a central sulfur atom. It has a role as a catalyst. It is a conjugate acid of a hydrogensulfate. Sulfuric acid, spent appears as a black oily liquid. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Density 15 lb /gal. Read more here.
When you mix concentrated sulfuric acid and water, you pour the acid into a larger volume of water. Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) reacts very vigorously with water in a highly exothermic reaction. If you add water to concentrated sulfuric acid, it can boil and spit and you may get a nasty acid burn. Read more here.
Information About Sulfuric Acid
- Sulfuric Acid Description: Sulfuric acid is a colorless oily liquid. It is soluble in water with release of heat. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. It will char wood and most other organic matter. It is a colorless, odorless, and syrupy liquid that is soluble in water and is synthesized in reactions that are highly exothermic.
- Alternate Names: Battery Acid, Oil Of Vitriol, Sulphuric Acid, Vitriol, Hydrogen Sulfate, Spirit Of Vitriol
- Sulfuric Acid Grades: ACS Reagent Grade, Technical Grade, Laboratory Grade, Analytical Reagent (AR) Grade
- Sulfuric acid is inorganic because it doesn't contain carbon atoms bonded to oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen atoms.
- Mineral Acid: Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid), also known as vitriol, is a mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with molecular formula H2 SO4. It is a colorless, odorless, and syrupy liquid that is soluble in water and is synthesized in reactions that are highly exothermic.
- How To Make Sulfuric Acid At Home: Sulfuric acid is a useful acid to have on hand for a variety of home chemistry projects.
- The Power of Sulfuric Acid - Cool Science Demo (Video)
- Sulfuric Acid - Periodic Table of Videos (Video)
- Bulk Sulfuric Acid For Sale: Lab Alley, headquartered in Austin, Texas is a supplier and distributor of concentrated sulfuric acid. Call 512-668-18 to inquire about wholesale prices for bulk orders of concentrated sulfuric acid.
- LabAlley.com/collections/sulfuric-acid is where to buy sulfuric acid for batteries.
- Buy gold recovery chemicals and gold refining chemicals online at LabAlley.com/pages/Buy-Gold-Recovery-Chemicals.
Identification Of Sulfuric Acid
Sulfuric acid is a dense, oily liquid that can be colorless to brown, depending on the purity. It can also exist as ice- or fiber-like crystals or as a gas. Sulfuric acid is also called battery acid. It is odorless with a strong acid taste. Sulfuric acid reacts violently with water, generating much heat. It is highly corrosive. Read more here.
Sulfuric Acid | Structure, Formula, Uses, & Facts
Sulfuric acid, sulfuric also spelled sulphuric (H2SO4), also called oil of vitriol, or hydrogen sulfate, dense, colorless, oily, corrosive liquid; one of the most important of all chemicals, prepared industrially by the reaction of water with sulfur trioxide (see sulfur oxide), which in turn is made by chemical combination of sulfur dioxide and oxygen either by the contact process or the chamber process.
In various concentrations the acid is used in the manufacture of fertilizers, pigments, dyes, drugs, explosives, detergents, and inorganic salts and acids, as well as in petroleum refining and metallurgical processes.
In one of its most familiar applications, sulfuric acid serves as the electrolyte in lead–acid storage batteries. Pure sulfuric acid has a specific gravity of 1.830 at 25 °C (77 °F); it freezes at 10.37 °C (50.7 °F).
When heated, the pure acid partially decomposes into water and sulfur trioxide; the latter escapes as a vapour until the concentration of the acid falls to 98.3 percent. This mixture of sulfuric acid and water boils at a constant temperature of 338 °C (640 °F) at one atmosphere pressure. Sulfuric acid is commonly supplied at concentrations of 78, 93, or 98 percent.
Sulfuric acid is a very strong acid; in aqueous solutions it ionizes completely to form hydronium ions (H3O+) and hydrogen sulfate ions (HSO4−). In dilute solutions the hydrogen sulfate ions also dissociate, forming more hydronium ions and sulfate ions (SO42−).
In addition to being an oxidizing agent, reacting readily at high temperatures with many metals, carbon, sulfur, and other substances, concentrated sulfuric acid is also a strong dehydrating agent, combining violently with water; in this capacity, it chars many organic materials, such as wood, paper, or sugar, leaving a carbonaceous residue.
The term fuming sulfuric acid, or oleum, is applied to solutions of sulfur trioxide in 100 percent sulfuric acid; these solutions, commonly containing 20, 40, or 65 percent sulfur trioxide, are used for the preparation of organic chemicals. Read more here.
Sulfuric Acid With Sodium Hydroxide
2NaOH + H2SO4 = Na2SO4 + 2H2O. If there is insufficient amount of NaOH, sodium bisulphate will also be formed. NaOH + H2SO4 = NaHSO4 +H2O. The reaction is highly exothermic as enormous amount of heat is liberated. Read more here.
Sulfuric Acid With Potassium Hydroxide
Potassium hydroxide reacts with sulfuric acid. ... the reactants are potassium hydroxide and sulfuric acid. the products are potassium sulfate and water. the word equation is: potassium hydroxide + sulfuric acid → potassium sulfate + water. Read more here.
Sulfuric Acid With Hydrochloric Acid
The strength of reaction and the extent of oxidation will depend on concentration of H2SO4 both hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid are just ions dissolved in water at a certain percentage (i.e. 30%) So, mixing them will just be an aqueous solution, say 15%HCl and 20%H2SO4, a stronger or a weaker acid depending on the ratios you mix it in and the original concentration of each. Read more here.
- Mass fraction H2SO4: <29%, Density (kg/L): 1.00-1.25, Common Name: diluted sulfuric acid
- Mass fraction H2SO4: 29–32%, Density (kg/L): 1.25–1.28, Common Name: battery acid (used in lead–acid batteries)
- Mass fraction H2SO4: 62–70%, Density (kg/L): 1.52–1.60, Common Name: chamber acid fertilizer acid
- Mass fraction H2SO4: 78–80%, Density (kg/L): 1.70–1.73, Common Name: tower acid, Glover acid
How Dangerous Is Sulfuric Acid?
Sulfuric acid is a highly corrosive chemical that is potentially explosive in concentrated form. It can cause severe skin burns, can irritate the nose and throat and cause difficulties breathing if inhaled, can burn the eyes and possibly cause blindness, and can burn holes in the stomach if swallowed. Read more here.
Sulfuric Acid Structure
Formula and structure: The chemical formula of sulfuric acid is H2SO4 and its molecular weight is 98.079 g/mol. Its chemical structure is shown here. The sulfur atom is bound to two oxygen atoms through double bonds, and two hydroxyl groups (OH) through single bonds.
Sulfuric Acid PH
Since sulfuric acid is a strong acid, a 0.50 M solution of sulfuric acid has a pH close to zero. For more information on sulfuric acid PH values, click here.
Sulfuric Acid Discovery And History
Today, it is generally considered that sulfuric acid was first called oil of vitriol when Islamic alchemist, astronomer, and physicist Jabir ibn Hayyan (c. 721−c. 815) discovered it in the eighth century. European alchemists also called it oil of vitriol, along with spirit of vitriol and vitriol.
The discovery of sulfuric acid is credited to the 8th century alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan. It was studied later by the 9th century physician and alchemist Ibn Zakariya al-Razi (Rhases).