Nitrobenzene, Lab Grade, 500mL
Nitrobenzene | 500ml Bottle | Lab Grade | Formula C₆H₅NO₂ | Water-Insoluble Pale Yellow Oil | Precursor To Aniline | Plant Growth Nutrient | CAS # 98-95-3 | Highly Toxic | Aromatic Compound | Industrial Chemical
CAS Number: 98-95-3
Molecular Formula: C6H5NO2
Formula Weight: 123.11
Nitrobenzene Shipping Information:
DOT: Nitrobenzene, 6.1, UN2662, PG II, marine pollutant
Shipping Note: hazmat and poison pack required
Important: This product will only be shipped to Schools, Universities, Laboratories, or Companies. If you are an individual ordering this product, it will not be shipped to you. It will be deleted from your order and the rest of the order will be shipped without your confirmation. A Statement of Use if required for purchase.
Most of the nitrobenzene produced in the United States is used to manufacture a chemical called aniline. Nitrobenzene is also used to produce lubricating oils such as those used in motors and machinery. A small amount of nitrobenzene is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, pesticides, and synthetic rubber. Read more here.
- Nitrobenzene Molar Mass: 123.11 g/mol
- Nitrobenzene Formula: C6H5NO2
- Nitrobenzene Boiling Point: 411.6°F (210.9°C)
- Nitrobenzene Melting Point: 42.26°F (5.7°C)
- Nitrobenzene Density: 1.2 g/cm³
- Nitrobenzene Classification: Organic compound
Approximately 95% of nitrobenzene is consumed in the production of aniline:
C6H5NO2 + 3 H2 → C6H5NH2 + 2 H2O
Aniline is a precursor to urethane polymers, rubber chemicals, pesticides, dyes (particularly azo dyes), explosives, and pharmaceuticals.
Nitrobenzene is also used to mask unpleasant odors in shoe and floor polishes, leather dressings, paint solvents, and other materials. Redistilled, as oil of mirbane, nitrobenzene had been used as an inexpensive perfume for soaps. It has been replaced by less toxic chemicals for this purpose. A significant merchant market for nitrobenzene is its use in the production of the analgesic paracetamol (also known as acetaminophen) (Mannsville 1991). Nitrobenzene is also used in Kerr cells, as it has an unusually large Kerr constant. Evidence suggests its use in agriculture as a plant growth/flowering stimulant.
Aside from its conversion to aniline, nitrobenzene can be selectively reduced to azoxybenzene, azobenzene, nitrosobenzene, hydrazobenzene, and phenylhydroxylamine. It has been used as a mild oxidant in reactions like the Skraup quinoline synthesis.