Review chemical properties and health hazards of H2SO4 solutions listed in sulfuric acid safety data sheets (material safety data sheets, MSDS/SDS) including 93%, 96%, 95-98%, 97%, 99%, 70% 50% 6M, 3M, 18M, 1M, concentrated and dilute.
Download Sulfuric Acid Safety Data Sheets
Read And Download PDFs Of Sulfuric Acid Health Safety Risks In Safety Data Sheets (MSDS/SDSs)
Because sulfuric acid is very corrosive (HAZMAT Class 8), learn how to avoid getting burned or harmed in the workplace.
- Download a sulphuric acid 98% MSDS PDF, here.
- Download a sulphuric acid 95-97% SDS PDF, here.
- Download a Merck (MilliporeSigma) sulphuric acid 98% MSDS PDF, here.
- Download a Sigma sulfuric acid SDS PDF, here.
- Download a sulfuric acid 70% SDS PDF, here.
- Download a sulfuric acid 69-75% SDS PDF, here.
- Download a Univar sulfuric acid 93 SDS PDF, here.
Sulfuric Acid Is An Important Laboratory, Industrial And Household Chemical
Sulfuric acid is an important industrial chemical.
Million of tons of sulfuric acid are produced a year in North America, mostly by burning sulfur to form sulfur dioxide which is then reacted with water. Prices for Lab Alley Brand concentrated sulfuric acid 96% (95%-98% H2SO4) start at $20.
Download Sulfuric Acid Safety Data Sheets (Formerly MSDS)
Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4) Solution Brands, Concentrations And Grades
Sulfuric Acid Occupational Safety Information
YouTube Video Titled "Sulfuric Acid Safety Information | Industrial Chemistry"
Uploaded by iitutor.com on March 14, 2016
Before working with sulfuric acid, individuals should be trained in its proper handling and storage and know how to use proper personal protective equipment, including protective gloves and chemical-resistant clothing and boots, splash-proof goggles, and respirators approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) for use with sulfuric acid.
About Sulfuric Acid
Sulfuric acid is a colorless oily liquid. It is soluble in water with release of heat. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. It will char wood and most other organic matter on contact, but is unlikely to cause a fire.
Sulfuric acid or sulphuric acid, known in antiquity as oil of vitriol, is a mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with the molecular formula H₂SO₄. It is a colorless, odorless and viscous liquid that is miscible with water.
Sulfuric acid is extremely corrosive to all body tissues, causing rapid tissue destruction and serious chemical burns on contact with the skin or eyes. Skin or eye contact requires immediate first aid. Inhalation of sulphuric acid mist or fumes may produce irritation of the nose, throat and respiratory tract.
About Sulfuric Acid Safety Data Sheets
A sulfuric acid safety data sheet (SDS), material safety data sheet (MSDS), or product safety data sheet (PSDS) is a document that lists information relating to occupational safety and health for the use of sulfuric acid products.
SDSs are a widely used system for cataloguing information on chemicals, chemical compounds, and chemical mixtures. SDS information may include instructions for the safe use and potential hazards associated with a particular material or product, along with spill-handling procedures.
The older MSDS formats could vary from source to source within a country depending on national requirements; however, the newer SDS format is internationally standardized.
An SDS for a substance is not primarily intended for use by the general consumer, focusing instead on the hazards of working with the material in an occupational setting.
The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) (29 CFR 1910.1200(g)), revised in 2012, requires
that the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importer provide Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) (formerly MSDSs or Material Safety Data Sheets) for each hazardous chemical to downstream users to communicate information on these hazards. The information contained in the SDS is largely the same as the MSDS, except now the SDSs are required to be presented in a consistent user-friendly, 16-section format. This brief provides guidance to help workers who handle hazardous chemicals to become familiar with the format and understand the contents of the SDSs. The SDS includes information such as the properties of each chemical; the physical, health, and environmental health hazards; protective measures; and safety precautions for handling, storing, and transporting the chemical. The information contained in the SDS must be in English (although it may be in other languages as well). In addition, OSHA requires that SDS preparers provide specific minimum information as detailed in Appendix D of 29 CFR 1910.1200. The SDS preparers may also include additional information in various section(s).
Sections 1 through 8 contain general information about the chemical, identification, hazards, composition, safe handling practices, and emergency control measures (e.g., fire fighting). This information should be helpful to those that need to get the information quickly. Sections 9 through 11 and 16 contain other technical and scientific information, such as physical and chemical properties, stability and reactivity information, toxicological information, exposure control information, and other information including the date of preparation or last revision. The SDS must also state that no applicable information was found when the preparer does not find relevant information for any required element. The SDS must also contain Sections 12 through 15, to be consistent with the UN
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), but OSHA
will not enforce the content of these sections because they concern matters handled by other agencies. A description of all 16 sections of the SDS, along with their contents, is presented here.
Sulfuric Acid Specification Sheet PDFs
- Sigma-Aldrich Sulfuric Acid 99.999% Specification Sheet
- Lab Alley Sulfuric Acid 96% ACS Reagent Grade Solution (95-98%, Concentrated H2SO4) Specification Sheet (PDF)
Sulfuric Acid 93% (92-94%) For Sale
Usage, Safety, First Aid, Safety Video, Handling And Storage, Disposal, Vendor, Prices, Molecular Formula H2O4S, CAS 7664-93-9, Colorless To Pale Yellow Liquid, Molecular Weight (g/mol) 98.072, PubChem CID 1118, DOT Class: 8, Packaging Group: II
Sulfuric Acid Safety Precautions
Sulfuric Acid Safety Tips
Take safety precautions to avoid sulfuric acid leaks and spills and wear acid resistant protective clothing.
Wear nitrile or natural rubber gloves for prolonged contact with sulfuric acid.
Learn how to use sulfuric acid safely at work or home by downloading and reading Safety Data Sheets (SDSs), here.
Learn how to use sulfuric acid in your home or at work without being harmed by this highly useful, but corrosive chemical.
- If you or someone you are with has an exposure to sulfuric acid, call your local emergency number such as 911.
- You can also contact your local poison control center can be reached directly by calling the Poison Help hotline, at 1-800-222-1222, from anywhere in the United States.
How To Handle, Store And Dispose Of Sulfuric Acid Safely
Contact With Sulfuric Acid, Burns, Exposure Symptoms And Treatments
A sulfuric acid burn is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment.
If sulfuric acid makes direct contact with the eyes, it can cause permanent blindness.
Stay safe by learning about symptoms of sulfuric acid exposure from the CDC, here.
If you get sulfuric acid on you, flush your skin with soap and lukewarm water for at least 30 minutes. Do not scrub or rub your skin.
Concentrated Sulfuric Acid
The Lab Alley Brands of Concentrated Sulfuric Acid are used safely in laboratory classrooms for educational experiments, reaction demonstrations and chemical analysis.
Concentrated Sulfuric Acid 18 Molar solution is sold by online retailers such as Lab Alley for $20.
Sulfuric Acid Safety Precautions, Hazmat Training, Spill Kits And Gloves
December 17, 2021 - Pictured here are two spill kits in a work environment.
Sulfuric Acid Spill Kit Requirements And Components
Sulfuric acid (battery acid) spill kits include gear for battling this toxic corrosive.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration standard that applies to spill kits is 1910.120, Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER).
Required components are nitrile safety gloves, eye goggles, poly aprons, shoe or boot covers, polymers to neutralize acid, specialized scoops, disposal containers and a spill containment handbook.
Sulfuric Acid 96%
December 17, 2021: Pictured above is a 30 mL bottle of ACS reagent grade 96% sulfuric acid with 4% water.
Sulfuric Acid Workplace Health And Safety
Sulfuric acid is the largest volume chemical produced in the United States.
Concentrated sulfuric acid is extremely corrosive and dangerous to work with because it is destructive to the skin (corrosion and acute irritation), eyes, lungs (PDF), mucous membranes and teeth (tooth and dental erosion).
Mechanics who handle dirty batteries are also at risk of sulfuric acid exposure.
Sulfuric acid is on the New Jersey Right to Know Hazardous Substance List (RTKHSL) because it is cited by OSHA, ACGIH, DOT, NIOSH, NTP, DEP, IARC, NFPA and EPA.
You can download a New Jersey Right To Know Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet For Sulfuric Acid in PDF format, here.
This sulfuric acid fact sheet contains information on health hazards, exposure limits, personal protective equipment, proper handling, first aid, and emergency procedures for fires and spills.
The chemical formula of sulfuric acid is H2SO4 and its molecular weight is 98.079 g/mol.
Sulfuric acid is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List (SHHSL) available in PDF format, here.
The New Jersey Right to Know Hazardous Substance List contains over 2,000 hazardous substances, including those on the Special Health Hazard Substance List (SHHSL).
The SHHSL consists of over 1,000 hazardous substances that are defined as carcinogens, mutagens, teratogens, corrosive, flammables, and reactives.
Sulfuric Acid Chemical Properties, Hazards And Uses
Sulfuric acid is a very strong oxidizing agent. It is a powerful diprotic acid. Because it is hygroscopic, it easily absorbs moisture from the air.
Sulfuric acid is a strong oxidizing agent. Sulfuric acid releases heat when it is dissolved in water.
- Sulfuric Acid Formula: H2SO4
- Sulfuric Acid CAS Number: 7664-93-9
- Sulfuric Acid Density: 1.83 g/cm³
- Sulfuric Acid Boiling Point: 638.6°F (337°C)
Sulfuric acid is a hazardous and dangerous dehydrating agent because it removes water from tissues and skin.
Concentrated sulfuric acid has a substantial dehydrating property.
- Sulfuric Acid Melting Point: 50°F (10°C)
- Sulfuric Acid Molecular Weight: 98.079 g/mol
- Sulfuric Acid Index of Refraction: 1.537
- Sulfuric Acid Solubility In Water: Fully miscible; (exothermic)
Sulfuric acid removes water (H2O) from other chemical and organic compounds such as sugar, and in doing so, the reaction produces carbon, heat, and steam.
Sulfuric acid is used to manufacture phosphoric acid, which is then used to produce the phosphate fertilizers, ammonium phosphates and calcium dihydrogenphosphate.
- Sulfuric Acid Acidity (pKa): −3, 1.99
- Sulfurc Acid PubChem CID: 1118
- Sulfurc Acid ChemSpider ID: 1086
- Sulfuric Acid On ChemicalBook.com
Sulfuric acid is also used to make ammonium sulfate, which is valuable fertilizer for sulfur-deficient soils.
Pictured above is a 55 gallon drum of laboratory grade 93% (92-94%) sulfuric acid. These bulk containers can be ordered easily, here.
- Sulfuric Acid Safety And Hazards
- Sulfuric Acid Structure, Properties, Spectra, Suppliers And Links
- Sulfuric Acid Uses: Industrial Production Of Chemicals, Sulfur–Iodine Cycle, Industrial Cleaning Agent, Catalyst, Electrolyte And Domestic Uses
Companies that order pallet loads of sulfuric acid 93% from Lab Alley, use it to make other acids, to manufacture other chemicals, and produce detergents, sealed lead-acid batteries, paint pigments and dye baths.
Other professionals that use this concentration of sulfuric acid are professional plumbers and janitors. Do-it-yourselfers buy sulfuric acid to make their own drain cleaners, toilet bowl cleaners, laundry detergents, dishwashing liquid, hand soap and household sanitizers.
What To Do In Case Of A Sulfuric Acid Spill In Your Laboratory Workplace Or Home
Sulfuric Acid Spills And Exposure
If sulfuric acid is spilled or leaks and gets on your skin, quickly flush your skin with soap and lukewarm water for at least 30 minutes. Do not scrub or rub skin. If strong concentrations of gas or solution penetrate clothing, remove clothing and flush the skin with water. Seek medical attention immediately.
Immediately report leaks, spills or failures of the safety equipment (e.g. ventilation system). Prevent accidental contact with incompatible chemicals.
Sulfuric acid spills should be neutralized with sodium bicarbonate and then cleaned up with a paper towel or sponge.
Wait until bubbling/fizzing has stopped
When using a neutralizing spill kit, the kits are buffered and will not have a bubbling action. Be careful not to over-neutralize
Test pH of the spill after the neutralization reaction has stopped with pH paper
Once pH is between 6 and 9, the material can be transferred into an appropriate
secondary container for disposal
Wipe all surfaces with a sponge and wash all of the material down the sink.
What Do You Do If You Inhale Or Breathe In Sulfuric Acid?
Get medical attention immediately. If a person breathes in large amounts of sulfuric acid, move the exposed person to fresh air at once. If breathing has stopped, perform artificial respiration.
Sulfuric acid is a highly corrosive chemical that is potentially explosive in concentrated form. It can cause severe skin burns, can irritate the nose and throat and cause difficulties breathing if inhaled, can burn the eyes and possibly cause blindness, and can burn holes in the stomach if swallowed.
How To Treat A Sulfuric Acid Burn
The first and most important step is to dilute and get rid of all sulfuric acid at the burn site by irrigating profusely with water. Sulfuric acid will continue burning into the skin until it is removed. All clothing or equipment with sulfuric acid on it should also be removed by a person wearing protective gear. Read more here.
Sulfuric Acid Poisoning
Contact Poison Control Help right away if you suspect a sulfuric acid poising by calling 1-800-222-1222 and seek medical help right away.
Sulfuric acid is a very strong chemical that is corrosive. Corrosive means it can cause severe burns and tissue damage when it comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes. Learn what to do in case of sulfuric acid poisoning from Mount Sinai, here.
ACS Reagent Grade Sulfuric Acid For Laboratory Work, Chemical Reactions And Analysis
ACS grade meets or exceeds purity standards set by the American Chemical Society (ACS).
Order a 16 ounce (500 mL) bottle of ACS Reagent Grade Sulfuric Acid H2SO4, Concentrated (CAS: 7664-93-9, US DOT UN2796, Class 8) for $45, here.
Read sulfuric acid storage and disposal safety tips, here.
Sulfuric Acid 2.5 Liter Bottle
Pictured above is a 2.5 liter bottle of premium quality Lab Alley Brand Sulfuric Acid 96% ACS Reagent Grade that sells for $80. For certain analytical chemistry applications, it is worth the money.
Where To Buy Concentrated Sulfuric Acid
Concentrated sulfuric acid is sold online at Amazon.com, LabAlley.com and eBay.com. Review a list of sulfuric acid suppliers, here. Or you can order concentrated sulfuric acid locally at a distribution center near you.
Buy sulfuric acid (CAS Registry Number 7664-93-9) in safe small glass bottles for household use or order sulfuric acid in bulk size chemical resistant drums for industrial use, here. Sulfuric acid prices start at $15.
Prices for the Lab Alley Brand of concentrated sulfuric acid (96%), start at $20, in the United States.
Order a 4 liter (1 gallon) bottle (pictured below) of ACS Reagent Grade Sulfuric Acid (95-98%) in a safe amber glass bottle for $100.