Two recentstudies in 2020 investigated how long coronaviruses survive on different surfaces. Theresearchlooked at different viruses includingSARS-CoV-2which causesCOVID-19. Studies discovered that virus survival times varied according to the type of surface. SARS-CoV-2 stabilityis similar to original SARS virus.
EPA registered products such as cleaners and disinfectants often containisopropyl alcohol,hydrogen peroxideandethyl alcohol (alcohol/ethanol). AnEPA-registered disinfectantis a disinfectant that has been registered with the Environmental Protection Agency. The EPA does not consider "alcohol" to be a product on its own. EPA registrations are product specific and are related to claims that theproduct kills organisms. Because "alcohol" is not considered to be a specific product manufactured by a specific company, alcohol, in and of itself, is not an EPA registered disinfectant, although it is an ingredient in EPA registered disinfectant products. Solutions made with60%-70% ethyl alcoholhave in vitro efficacy against coronaviruses, Ebola virus and murine norovirus.
EPA registered disinfectant formulas that contain isopropyl alcohol or ethyl alcohol are often combined withphenolic compoundsandquaternary ammoniumto make EPA registered disinfectants for cleaning environmental surfaces in healthcare facilities. The same case holds true for hydrogen peroxide. Many products made withhydrogen peroxide are EPA-registeredand can be used to sanitize or disinfect, however hydrogen peroxide, because its very nature can not be registered as a disinfectant with the EPA.
The EPA released alist of disinfectantsto protect against the spread of the coronavirus. According to the EPA, products on the list have "qualified for use against COVID-19" through the agency's Emerging Viral Pathogen program where manufacturers provide the EPA with data that "shows their products are effective against harder-to-kill viruses."Read more here. Buy bulk natural ingredients and antiviral raw materials for safe recipes for DIY homemade hand sanitizers here.
As coronavirus bears down on Michigan, hand sanitizer is in short supply. After news of 16 confirmed coronavirus cases in Michigan prompted prolonged school closures, canceled public events and work-from-home orders for many workers, shoppers began emptying store shelves of sanitary and medical supplies in hopes of protecting themselves against a more widespread outbreak. If you can’t find sanitizer on the shelves and don’t want to overpay on the black market, you might want to consider making your own. The World Health Organization recommends a recipe containing nine parts 99 percent isopropyl alcohol (also known as rubbing alcohol), a bit of hydrogen peroxide and a moisturizing agent, such as glycerol or aloe vera gel, though it appears to be written for Nobel laureates rather than mortals. You can concoct your own recipe from aloe vera and 99 percent rubbing alcohol (or seek inspiration from a host of recipes posted online) so long as the mixture is made of at least 60 percent alcohol. Any less, and it won’t be an effective germ-killer, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But note it’s important to get the concentration right or your sanitizer may not be effective or will be too harsh on your skin, which is why several health organizations urge people to avoid DIY concoctions. Read more here.