In chemistry, alcohols are organic compounds that carry at least one hydroxyl functional group (−OH) bound to a saturated carbon atom. The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used as a drug and is the main alcohol present in alcoholic beverages. An important class of alcohols, of which methanol and ethanol are the simplest members, includes all compounds for which the general formula is CnH2n+1OH. Simple monoalcohols that are the subject of this article include primary (RCH2OH), secondary (R2CHOH) and tertiary (R3COH) alcohols.
The suffix -ol appears in the IUPAC chemical name of all substances where the hydroxyl group is the functional group with the highest priority. When a higher priority group is present in the compound, the prefix hydroxy- is used in its IUPAC name. The suffix -ol in non-IUPAC names (such as paracetamol or cholesterol) also typically indicates that the substance is an alcohol. However, many substances that contain hydroxyl functional groups (particularly sugars, such as glucose and sucrose) have names which include neither the suffix -ol, nor the prefix hydroxy-.
Wikipedia Description Of Ethanol: Ethanol is a chemical compound and a simple alcohol. It is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a slight characteristic odor.
PubChem Description Of Ethanol: Ethanol is a clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in alcoholic beverages. Indeed, ethanol has widespread use as a solvent of substances intended for human contact or consumption, including scents, flavorings, colorings, and medicines.
Ethanol And Alcohol Uses
Ethanol Is Used For Cleaning
Ethanol Is Used For Drinking
Ethanol Is Used For Botanical Extraction
Ethanol Is Used For Sterilization
Ethanol Is Used As A Solvent To Manufacture Varnishes
Ethanol Is Used As A Solvent To Manufacture Perfumes
Ethanol Is A Preservative For Biological Specimens
Ethanol Is Used To Prepare Essences And Flavorings
Ethanol Is Used To Treat Methanol Poisoning
Ethanol Is Used For Fuel And Gasoline Additive
Ethanol Is Used As A Disinfectant
Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol) Is Used As A Principal Ingredient To Make Alcoholic Beverages, Beer, Wine, Brandy And Liquor
Coronaviruses are host-specific and can infect humans as well asanimals,catsand dogs causing a variety of clinical syndromes. Dogs can contract coronaviruses, most commonly the canine respiratory coronavirus. This specific novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is not a health threat to dogs, but dogs can test positive for the virus.
Non-enveloped viruses do not have alipid-bilayer membrane. Non-enveloped viruses reproduce by breaching the membrane of a target host cell to get access to cytoplasm of the cell. A virus encased within a lipid bilayer is called an enveloped virus and a virus that does not have a bilayer is classified as anon-enveloped virus.
The 70% ethyl alcohol sold by LabAlley.com is a better virucide than the70% isopropyl alcoholand is quickly antimicrobial against viruses, bacteria and fungi on hard surfaces.
Isopropanol (isopropyl alcohol ) and ethyl alcohol in aqueous solutions between 60% and 90% alcohol with 10% to 40% purified water, kill bacteriaand viruses by denaturing their proteins and dissolving their lipid membranes. When a bacterial cell is exposed to a solution of ethyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol, theamphiphile alcohol moleculesbond with the molecules of the bacteria's cell membrane, making it more soluble in water. This reaction causes thecell membrane to lose its structural integrityand then fall apart.
The CDC recommends using an alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) with greater than 60% ethanol or 70% isopropyl alcohol in healthcare environments. Unless hands are visibly soiled, an ABHR is recommended over soap and water in clinical situations because of evidence of better compliance compared to soap and water. Hand rubs are normally less irritating to hands and are effective in the absence of a sink. Hands should be washed with soap and water for at least 20 seconds when visibly soiled, before eating, and after using the restroom. Learn more about hand hygiene in healthcare facilities here.
Alcohol-basedhand sanitizer compoundersprotect children by using denatured ethanol or isopropyl alcohol. The FDA provides guidance on the production of alcohol-based hand sanitizer to help boost supply andprotect public healthduring the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis. Viruses intricately interact with and modulate cellular membranes at several stages of theirreplication, but much less is known about the role of viral lipids compared to proteins and nucleic acids.
All animal viruses have to cross membranes for cell entry and exit, which occurs by membrane fusion (in enveloped viruses), by transient local disruption of membrane integrity, or by cell lysis. TheCDCand theFDAare helping to keep children safe by recommending that compounders use denatured alcohol and isopropyl alcohol to formulate and manufacture hand sanitizers and coronavirus disinfectants.
Viruses are obligatory intracellular parasites that are simple in structure and composition, but engage in multiple and complex interactions with their host. Virus replication occurs exclusively inside the respective host cell. Accordingly, viruses have to cross the host cell boundary at least twice during theirreplication cycle, for entry and exit. Because theseviral membranesare derived from the host, they may contain a complement of membrane-bound host cell proteins.
Because denatured alcohol (ethanol/ethyl alcohol) tastes awful and itsmells bad, this hand sanitizer ingredient discourages young children from eating coronavirus disinfectants. Denaturants in alcohol make itunfit for human consumption.