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Buy bulk antiviral chemical compounds, disinfectants, antiviral drug components, antiviral substances, antiviral cleaning products and antiviral medication ingredients online at LabAlley.com. Buy bulk ingredients and wholesale raw materials for safe recipes for DIY homemade hand sanitizers here

U.S. medical supply firms and online retailers of antiviral hospital grade sanitizers and coronavirus disinfectants such as LabAlley.com, have been challenged by U.S. tariffs on imports of hand sanitizers and chemical disinfectants such as glutaraldehyde, used to fight the COVID-19 pandemic.

U.S. Chemical Prices

Shop Online For The Best Rated Coronavirus Disinfectants And Virus Killers To Prevent The Spread Of Infectious Diseases At LabAlley.com
05/26/20

List N: Products With Emerging Viral Pathogens And Human Coronavirus Claims For Use Against SARS-CoV-2

 

Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer Compounders Protect Children By Using Denatured Ethanol Or Isopropyl Alcohol

The FDA provides guidance on the production of alcohol-based hand sanitizer to help boost supply and protect public health during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis. The CDC and the FDA are helping to keep children safe by recommending that compounders use denatured alcohol and isopropyl alcohol to formulate and manufacture hand sanitizers and coronavirus disinfectants. Because denatured alcohol (ethanol/ethyl alcohol) tastes awful and it smells bad, this hand sanitizer ingredient discourages young children from eating coronavirus disinfectants. Denaturants in alcohol make it unfit for human consumption.

To protect young children from accidental poisoning caused by unintentionally ingesting coronavirus disinfectants and hand sanitizers, the CDC and FDA are recommending that compounders and consumers use denatured alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, glycerin (glycerol) and sterile water to prepare alcohol-based hand sanitizers for consumer use and for use as health care personnel hand rubs. Get updated core disinfection/cleaning guidance from the CDC here.

Coronavirus disinfectants ordered online at LabAlley.com are used to clean the things that people touch the most such as phones, shopping carts, remote controls, tables, toilets, toothbrush holders, faucets, doorknobs, computer keyboards, light switches, desks, sinks and door handles.

Consumers and alcohol-based hand sanitizer manufacturers can order approved denatured alcohol (isopropyl alcohol and denatured ethyl alcohol), hydrogen peroxide, USP and FCC grade glycerin (glycerol)antiviral disinfectants, hospital grade disinfectants, raw materials for hand sanitizer ingredients and sterile water online at LabAlley.com to make products to fight COVID-19.

Distilleries, compounders, sanitizer manufacturers, botanical makers and American households purchase disinfectants and other cleaning supplies online at LabAlley.com to kill common viruses, mold, mildew, fungi, bacteria, pathogens and the novel coronavirus on contaminated surfaces.  Online orders of ingredients used to make coronavirus disinfectants, aerosol disinfectants and multipurpose cleaners surged in March of 2020.

To learn more about U.S. regulations concerning the use of denatured alcohol, please refer to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations here. For guidance from the FDA for using denatured alcohol to make commercial hand sanitizers, please refer to this PDF titled, "Policy for Temporary Compounding of Certain Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer Products During the Public Health Emergency Immediately in Effect Guidance for Industry".

Canada's Interim Guide On The Production Of Ethanol For Use In Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizers
May 8, 2020

On This Page 

This document provides information on the use of ethanol as an ingredient in alcohol-based hand sanitizers sold in Canada. Numerous Canadian entities and industries not currently regulated by Health Canada have expressed interest in providing additional and/or alternate sources of ethanol (also known as anhydrous alcohol, ethyl alcohol, or grain alcohol) for use in the production of hand sanitizers to support the national response to the supply shortage during the COVID-19 pandemic.

To help reduce the risk of infection or spreading infection to others, Health Canada recommends that individuals wash their hands often with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available. Similarly, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that individuals regularly and thoroughly clean their hands with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand rub, as part of proper hand hygiene.

On March 27, 2020, Health Canada released the Guide on Health Canada's Interim Expedited Licensing Approach for the Production and Distribution of Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizers. The purpose of that Guide is to support companies that intend to manufacture, package, label and/or distribute alcohol-based hand sanitizers in response to the current shortage by providing a simplified and expedited pathway to obtaining the required authorizations.

This document provides further guidance on the quality requirements for ethanol to be used in the production of hand sanitizers. It also highlights key formulation aspects and points to additional flexibilities that can be leveraged during this emergency situation.

To protect the health and safety of Canadians, Health Canada remains committed to its mandate while balancing the need for exceptional measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. As such, the quality of ethanol used in manufacturing hand sanitizers must be fit for purpose and meet safety, efficacy and quality requirements.

This interim approach takes into account the current policies and best practices of foreign regulatory partners, including the United States (US) Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as well as the recommendations of the WHO and the US Pharmacopeia (USP).

Acceptable Quality Grades

Ethanol used for the production of hand sanitizers should conform to one of the identity and purity criteria published in any of the following quality standards, with any noted deviations provided in this interim guidance. For details on these quality standards, please refer to the weblinks provided below. Please note that some of these references may be accessed for free, while others require payment for full access:

The USP monograph specifies that ethanol must be 94.9% to 96.0% pure by volume, and provides the following concentration limits for impurities commonly found in ethanol:

  • Methanol: No more than 200 µL/L
  • Acetaldehyde and acetal: No more than 10 µL/L, expressed as acetaldehyde
  • Benzene: No more than 2 µL/L
  • Sum of all other impurities: No more than 300 µL/L

Recommended Formulation

All formulations must meet the safety and efficacy requirements established in Health Canada’s Antiseptic Skin Cleansers (Personal Domestic Use) monograph.

Health Canada recommends the manufacturing of ethanol‑based hand sanitizer as per the WHO formulation. Specifically, the WHO-recommended handrub formulations (2010) provides a recipe for the preparation of a hand sanitizer with a final concentration of 80% v/v ethanol. While Health Canada’s monograph stipulates a range of 60%-80 v/v ethanol, an 80% v/v concentration is recommended for increased efficacy.

Formulation For A 10-Litre Preparation 

Other Acceptable Formulations Include: 

Records

Records must be maintained on how the hand sanitizer is prepared, including details on how the final ethanol dilution in the finished product was derived. The amount of ethanol needed in the formulation should be calculated using the following equation (as set out in the USP guidance):

How To Calculate The Amount Of Ethanol In A Hand Sanitizer Formulation

Non-Medicinal Ingredients (NMIs)

All NMIs added to a hand sanitizer product must be listed in Health Canada’s Natural Health Products Ingredient Database (NHPID), indicated with an acceptable purpose and comply with all listed restrictions (as per the NHPID). Additional information is outlined below on quality requirements for specific NMIs used in ethanol-based hand sanitizers, based on the WHO guidance:

NMI  Quality Requirements
Hydrogen Peroxide The low concentration of Hydrogen peroxide in the finished product (0.125%) is intended to help eliminate contaminating spores in the bulk solutions and recipients and is not an active substance for hand antisepsis.
Glycerol and other humectants or emollients

Glycerol (also known as glycerine or 1,2,3-Propanetriol) is added as a humectant at a final concentration of 1.45%, to increase the acceptability of the product and not to enhance viscosity.

Other humectants or emollients at a similar concentration may be used for skin care, provided that they are affordable, available locally, miscible (mixable) in water and alcohol, non-toxic, and not likely to cause an allergic reaction. Glycerol has been chosen because it is safe and relatively inexpensive. Lowering the percentage of glycerol may be considered to further reduce the stickiness of the handrub.

Use of proper
water
While sterile distilled water is preferred, boiled and cooled tap water may also be used as long as it is free of visible particles.
Addition of other additives It is strongly recommended that no ingredients other than those specified in this document be added to the formulations. All NMIs  (including denaturants) must be listed in the Product Licence application. If additions or substitutions of an NMI are made after the product licence is issued, documentation must be maintained on the safety of the additive and its compatibility with the other ingredients. These documents must be available upon request by Health Canada. Any substitutions should come from approved ingredients in the NHPID. If the NMI that you intend to use is not found in NHPID, you can complete a Natural Health Products Ingredients Database Issue Form and submit to this email to add the ingredient. The full list of ingredients must be provided on the product label.
Denaturants The use of denaturants is recommended to avoid the unintentional ingestion of hand sanitizers (particularly by children), but is not required under this interim approach. The NHPID includes a listing of acceptable denaturants that should be used if applicable in your formulation. Once this interim approach ceases to be in effect, to continue with the manufacture of hand sanitizer products, companies will be required to confirm with Health Canada that denaturants will be used from that point on.
Gelling agents No data are available to assess the suitability of adding gelling agents to WHO-recommended liquid formulations; any additives selected for this purpose must be listed in Health Canada’s NHPID and comply with listed restrictions. The addition of a gelling agent must be included in the list of ingredients on the product label.
Fragrances Adding fragrances, while not prohibited, is not recommended because of the risk of potential allergic reactions. As with other ingredients, a fragrance would be considered an NMI and must be included in the Product Licence application and be listed on the product label.

 

Formula Substitutions

Ingredients adhering to USP (or other acceptable standards, as listed above) should be used as the source of ingredients. However, given that there may currently be shortages of ingredients used to manufacture formulations of alcohol-based hand sanitizers, the following substitutions are acceptable:

  • When components meeting compendial quality standards are not obtainable, components of similar quality – such as those that are chemically pure, analytical reagent grade, or American Chemical Society-certified – may be used.
  • No ingredients should be added to enhance viscosity as they may decrease the effectiveness of the final preparation.

Disinfectant product ingredients, whether registered with the US Environmental Protection Agency or Health Canada, are not suitable as components for manufacturing hand sanitizers as they may not be safe for use on skin (i.e., may cause burns).

Use Of Non-USP Grade Alcohol

As per the Natural Health Products Regulations (NHPR), a Product Licence will not be issued if a product is likely to result in injury to the health of the consumer. Non-USP grade ethanol should be of a level of quality that is fit for human use in the finished hand sanitizer formulation.

For any products containing ethanol with specifications that deviate from the recommended standards, such as higher than permitted level of impurities in the above referenced standards, a risk assessment must be conducted and submitted to Health Canada for review. Each risk assessment will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis to determine if the ethanol is safe for use in hand sanitizer production. In the risk assessment, particular attention should be given to identify and quantify impurities, which are expected to be present (or likely to be present) as a result of manufacturing processes, starting materials, etc. An example of some impurities that would be expected in a non-USP or food grade ethanol product include acetaldehyde, benzene and methanol, though there may be others as well. Documentation including certificates of analysis (CoA) must be kept on record and made available at the request of Health Canada.

Excise Tax Implications

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) administers the Excise Act, 2001 which governs the federal taxation of several commodities, including spirits, and regulates activities involving the manufacture, possession and distribution of these products. For example, persons who produce and package spirits, persons who use non-duty-paid spirits in the manufacture of non-beverage spirit-based products such as cosmetics or hand sanitizers, and persons who operate warehouses to store non-duty-paid alcohol must possess an excise duty licence issued under the Excise Act, 2001.

Depending on the circumstances, a person may require a spirits licence, a user’s licence and/or a specially denatured alcohol registration in order to legally produce hand sanitizer using non-duty-paid alcohol in Canada. There are a number of ways hand sanitizer can be produced by licensees or registrants without incurring an excise duty liability, for example:

  • A user licensee can produce hand sanitizer in accordance with an approved formulation without the payment of excise duty on the final product.
  • There are also provisions that would allow a specially denatured alcohol registrant to possess and use certain grades of specially denatured alcohol to produce hand sanitizer without the payment of duty.
  • A spirits licensee is authorized under the Excise Act, 2001 to denature spirits according to specified criteria, which are not subject to excise duty.
  • Although it could be cost prohibitive, there is also the option to use duty-paid alcohol to produce hand sanitizer. 

The requirements under the Act will vary depending on the circumstances of each case and the proposed activities to be undertaken.

Obtaining A Licence, Registration And/Or Approved Formulation Under The Excise Act, 2001

A number of spirits licensees, licenced users and brewer licensees (excise licensees) have expressed an interest in using non-duty-paid alcohol to make hand sanitizer. These are existing excise licensees who are seeking to temporarily expand their operations in response to the shortage in supply as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. In some cases, excise licensees are requesting specially denatured alcohol registrations to allow them to possess and use specially denatured alcohol for this purpose. In other cases, spirits or brewer licensees are requesting users’ licences and approved formulations. The CRA is also receiving enquiries from non-licensees who would like to apply for a specially denatured alcohol registration or user’s licence and approved formulation for the purpose of producing hand sanitizer. In response to the current circumstances, the CRA has implemented a streamlined process to expedite the review and approval of these applications.

Applications for users’ licences and specially denatured alcohol registrations should be submitted to your regional excise duty office using Form L63 Licence and Registration Application Excise Act, 2001. Applications for formulation approval should be submitted using Form Y15D - Request for Formula Approval. Note that a sample is not currently required for excise licensees applying for an approved formulation for the production of hand sanitizer. For questions or further information, please visit this website Excise Duties, Excise Taxes, Fuel Charge and Air Travellers Security Charge, which also includes the contact information for your regional excise duty office. These regional offices are your best source for information on excise taxes.

End Of Interim Approach

This interim approach is in effect immediately, and will be in effect until March 31, 2021 or until a notice is issued by Health Canada to licence holders (whichever is earliest). When the approach expires, production must cease, although existing product stock can be exhausted.

Contact Health Canada

If you have questions in relation to this Guide or the licensing of alcohol-based hand sanitizers, please contact Health Canada's Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate at hc.nnhpd-dpsnso.sc@canada.ca

Information On Hand Sanitizer Ingredients From Wikipedia

Hand sanitizer is a liquid, gel, or foam generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. In most settings, hand washing with soap and water is generally preferred. Hand sanitizer is less effective at killing certain kinds of germs, such as norovirus and Clostridium difficile and unlike soap and water, it cannot remove harmful chemicals. People may incorrectly wiped off hand sanitizer before it has dried, and some are less effective because their alcohol concentrations are too low.

In most healthcare settings alcohol-based hand sanitizers are preferable to hand washing with soap and water. Reasons include it being better tolerated and more effective. Hand washing with soap and water; however, should be carried out if contamination can be seen, or following the use of the toilet. The general use of non-alcohol-based hand sanitizers has no recommendations.

Alcohol-based versions typically contain some combination of isopropyl alcohol, ethanol (ethyl alcohol), or n-propanol, with versions containing 60% to 95% alcohol the most effective. Care should be taken as they are flammable. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer works against a wide variety of microorganisms but not spores. Compounds such as glycerol may be added to prevent drying of the skin. Some versions contain fragrances; however, these are discouraged due to the risk of allergic reactions. Non-alcohol based versions typically contain benzalkonium chloride or triclosan; but are less effective than alcohol-based ones. 

Alcohol has been used as an antiseptic at least as early as 1363 with evidence to support its use becoming available in the late 1800s. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer has been commonly used in Europe since at least the 1980s. The alcohol-based version is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$1.40–3.70 per liter bottle.

Uses 

General Public 

The Clean Hands campaign by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) instructs the public in hand washing. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is recommended only if soap and water are not available.

When using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer:

  • Apply product to the palm of one hand.
  • Rub hands together.
  • Rub the product over all surfaces of hands and fingers until hands are dry.
  • Do not go near flame or gas burner or any burning object during applying hand sanitizer.
  • The current evidence for the effectiveness of school hand hygiene interventions is of poor quality.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizers may not be effective if the hands are greasy or visibly soiled. In hospitals, the hands of healthcare workers are often contaminated with pathogens, but rarely soiled or greasy. In community settings, on the other hand, grease and soiling is common from activities such as handling food, playing sports, gardening, and being active outdoors. Similarly, contaminants like heavy metals and pesticides (generally found outdoors) cannot be removed by hand sanitizers. Hand sanitizers may also be swallowed by children, especially if brightly-coloured.

Some commercially-available hand sanitizers (and online recipes for homemade rubs) have alcohol concentrations that are too low. This makes them less effective at killing germs. Poorer people in developed countries and people in developing countries may find it harder to get a hand sanitizer with an effective alcohol concentration. Fraudulent labelling of alcohol concentrations has been a problem in Guyana.

Health Care 

Hand sanitizers were first introduced in 1966 in medical settings such as hospitals and healthcare facilities. The product was popularized in the early 1990s.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is more convenient compared to hand washing with soap and water in most situations in the healthcare setting. Among healthcare workers, it is generally more effective for hand antisepsis, and better tolerated than soap and water. Hand washing should still be carried out if contamination can be seen or following the use of the toilet.

Hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol or contains a "persistent antiseptic" should be used. Alcohol rubs kill many different kinds of bacteria, including antibiotic resistant bacteria and TB bacteria. They also kill many kinds of viruses, including the flu virus, the common cold virus, coronaviruses, and HIV.

90% alcohol rubs are more effective against viruses than most other forms of hand washing. Isopropyl alcohol will kill 99.99 % or more of all non-spore forming bacteria in less than 30 seconds, both in the laboratory and on human skin.

The alcohol in hand sanitizers may not have the 10–15 seconds exposure time required to denature proteins and lyse cells in too low quantities (0.3 ml) or concentrations (below 60%). In environments with high lipids or protein waste (such as food processing), the use of alcohol hand rubs alone may not be sufficient to ensure proper hand hygiene.

For health care settings like hospitals and clinics, optimum alcohol concentration to kill bacteria is 70% to 95%. Products with alcohol concentrations as low as 40% are available in American stores, according to researchers at East Tennessee State University.

Alcohol rub sanitizers kill most bacteria, and fungi, and stop some viruses. Alcohol rub sanitizers containing at least 70% alcohol (mainly ethyl alcohol) kill 99.9% of the bacteria on hands 30 seconds after application and 99.99% to 99.999% in one minute.

For health care, optimal disinfection requires attention to all exposed surfaces such as around the fingernails, between the fingers, on the back of the thumb, and around the wrist. Hand alcohol should be thoroughly rubbed into the hands and on the lower forearm for a duration of at least 30 seconds and then allowed to air dry.

Use of alcohol-based hand gels dries skin less, leaving more moisture in the epidermis, than hand washing with antiseptic/antimicrobial soap and water.

Drawbacks

There are certain situations during which hand washing with soap and water are preferred over hand sanitizer, these include: eliminating bacterial spores of Clostridioides difficile, parasites such as Cryptosporidium, and certain viruses like norovirus depending on the concentration of alcohol in the sanitizer (95% alcohol was seen to be most effective in eliminating most viruses). In addition, if hands are contaminated with fluids or other visible contaminates, hand washing is preferred as well as after using the toilet and if discomfort develops from the residue of alcohol sanitizer use. Furthermore, CDC states hand sanitizers are not effective in removing chemicals such as pesticides.

Safety 

Fire
Alcohol gel can catch fire, producing a translucent blue flame. This is due to the flammable alcohol in the gel. Some hand sanitizer gels may not produce this effect due to a high concentration of water or moisturizing agents. There have been some rare instances where alcohol has been implicated in starting fires in the operating room, including a case where alcohol used as an antiseptic pooled under the surgical drapes in an operating room and caused a fire when a cautery instrument was used. Alcohol gel was not implicated.

To minimize the risk of fire, alcohol rub users are instructed to rub their hands until dry, which indicates that the flammable alcohol has evaporated. Igniting alcohol hand rub while using it is rare, but the need for this is underlined by one case of a health care worker using hand rub, removing a polyester isolation gown, and then touching a metal door while her hands were still wet; static electricity produced an audible spark and ignited the hand gel. Fire departments suggest refills for the alcohol-based hand sanitizers can be stored with cleaning supplies away from heat sources or open flames.

Skin
Research shows that alcohol hand sanitizers do not pose any risk by eliminating beneficial microorganisms that are naturally present on the skin. The body quickly replenishes the beneficial microbes on the hands, often moving them in from just up the arms where there are fewer harmful microorganisms.

However, alcohol may strip the skin of the outer layer of oil, which may have negative effects on barrier function of the skin. A study also shows that disinfecting hands with an antimicrobial detergent results in a greater barrier disruption of skin compared to alcohol solutions, suggesting an increased loss of skin lipids.

Ingestion
In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) controls antimicrobial handsoaps and sanitizers as over-the-counter drugs (OTC) because they are intended for topical anti-microbial use to prevent disease in humans.

The FDA requires strict labeling which informs consumers on proper use of this OTC drug and dangers to avoid, including warning adults not to ingest, not to use in the eyes, to keep out of the reach of children, and to allow use by children only under adult supervision. According to the American Association of Poison Control Centers, there were nearly 12,000 cases of hand sanitizer ingestion in 2006. If ingested, alcohol-based hand sanitizers can cause alcohol poisoning in small children. However, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control recommends using hand sanitizer with children to promote good hygiene, under supervision, and furthermore recommends parents pack hand sanitizer for their children when traveling, to avoid their contracting disease from dirty hands.

There have been reported incidents of people drinking the gel in prisons and hospitals, where alcohol consumption is not allowed, to become intoxicated leading to its withdrawal from some establishments.

Absorption

On April 30, 2015, the FDA announced that they were requesting more scientific data based on the safety of hand sanitizer. Emerging science suggests that for at least some health care antiseptic active ingredients, systemic exposure (full body exposure as shown by detection of antiseptic ingredients in the blood or urine) is higher than previously thought, and existing data raise potential concerns about the effects of repeated daily human exposure to some antiseptic active ingredients. This would include hand antiseptic products containing alcohol and triclosan.

Surgical Hand Disinfection

Hands must be disinfected before any surgical procedure by hand washing with mild soap and then hand-rubbing with a sanitizer. Surgical disinfection requires a larger dose of the hand-rub and a longer rubbing time than is ordinarily used. It is usually done in two applications according to specific hand-rubbing techniques, EN1499 (hygienic handwash), and EN 1500 (hygienic hand disinfection) to ensure that antiseptic is applied everywhere on the surface of the hand.

Alcohol-Free 

Some hand sanitizer products use agents other than alcohol to kill microorganisms, such as povidone-iodine, benzalkonium chloride or triclosan. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the CDC recommends "persistent" antiseptics for hand sanitizers. Persistent activity is defined as the prolonged or extended antimicrobial activity that prevents or inhibits the proliferation or survival of microorganisms after application of the product. This activity may be demonstrated by sampling a site several minutes or hours after application and demonstrating bacterial antimicrobial effectiveness when compared with a baseline level. This property also has been referred to as "residual activity." Both substantive and nonsubstantive active ingredients can show a persistent effect if they substantially lower the number of bacteria during the wash period.

Laboratory studies have shown lingering benzalkonium chloride may be associated with antibiotic resistance in MRSA. Tolerance to alcohol sanitizers may develop in fecal bacteria. Where alcohol sanitizers utilize 62%, or higher, alcohol by weight, only 0.1 to 0.13% of benzalkonium chloride by weight provides equivalent antimicrobial effectiveness.

Triclosan has been shown to accumulate in biosolids in the environment, one of the top seven organic contaminants in waste water according to the National Toxicology Program Triclosan leads to various problems with natural biological systems, and triclosan, when combined with chlorine e.g. from tap water, produces dioxins, a probable carcinogen in humans. However, 90–98% of triclosan in waste water biodegrades by both photolytic or natural biological processes or is removed due to sorption in waste water treatment plants. Numerous studies show that only very small traces are detectable in the effluent water that reaches rivers.

A series of studies show that photodegradation of triclosan produced 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,8-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,8-DCDD). The 2,4-dichlorophenol itself is known to be biodegradable as well as photodegradable. For DCDD, one of the non-toxic compounds of the dioxin family, a conversion rate of 1% has been reported and estimated half-lives suggest that it is photolabile as well. The formation-decay kinetics of DCDD are also reported by Sanchez-Prado et al. (2006) who claim "transformation of triclosan to toxic dioxins has never been shown and is highly unlikely."

Alcohol-free hand sanitizers may be effective immediately while on the skin, but the solutions themselves can become contaminated because alcohol is an in-solution preservative and without it, the alcohol-free solution itself is susceptible to contamination. However, even alcohol-containing hand sanitizers can become contaminated if the alcohol content is not properly controlled or the sanitizer is grossly contaminated with microorganisms during manufacture. In June 2009, alcohol-free Clarcon Antimicrobial Hand Sanitizer was pulled from the US market by the FDA, which found the product contained gross contamination of extremely high levels of various bacteria, including those which can "cause opportunistic infections of the skin and underlying tissues and could result in medical or surgical attention as well as permanent damage". Gross contamination of any hand sanitizer by bacteria during manufacture will result in the failure of the effectiveness of that sanitizer and possible infection of the treatment site with the contaminating organisms.

Types 

Alcohol-based hand rubs are extensively used in the hospital environment as an alternative to antiseptic soaps. Hand-rubs in the hospital environment have two applications: hygienic hand rubbing and surgical hand disinfection. Alcohol based hand rubs provide a better skin tolerance as compared to antiseptic soap. Hand rubs also prove to have more effective microbiological properties as compared to antiseptic soaps.

The same ingredients used in over-the-counter hand-rubs are also used in hospital hand-rubs: alcohols such ethanol and isopropanol, sometimes combined with quaternary ammonium cations (quats) such as benzalkonium chloride. Quats are added at levels up to 200 parts per million to increase antimicrobial effectiveness. Although allergy to alcohol-only rubs is rare, fragrances, preservatives and quats can cause contact allergies. These other ingredients do not evaporate like alcohol and accumulate leaving a "sticky" residue until they are removed with soap and water.

The most common brands of alcohol hand rubs include Aniosgel, Avant, Sterillium, Desderman and Allsept S. All hospital hand rubs must conform to certain regulations like EN 12054 for hygienic treatment and surgical disinfection by hand-rubbing. Products with a claim of "99.99% reduction" or 4-log reduction are ineffective in hospital environment, since the reduction must be more than "99.99%".

The hand sanitizer dosing systems for hospitals are designed to deliver a measured amount of the product for staff. They are dosing pumps screwed onto a bottle or are specially designed dispensers with refill bottles. Dispensers for surgical hand disinfection are usually equipped with elbow controlled mechanism or infrared sensors to avoid any contact with the pump.

Production 

In 2010 the World Health Organization produced a guide for manufacturing hand sanitizer, which received renewed interest because of shortages of hand sanitizer in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Dozens of liquor and perfume manufactures switched their manufacturing facilities from their normal product to hand sanitizer. In order to keep up with the demand, local distilleries started using their alcohol to make hand sanitizer. Distilleries producing hand sanitizer originally existed in a legal grey area in the United States, until the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau declared that distilleries could produce their sanitizer without authorization.

There are cautions against making your own hand sanitizer. Some widely-circulated home recipes are ineffective or even poisonous.

Composition 

World Health OrganizationThe has published a guide to producing large quantities of hand sanitizer from chemicals available in developing countries, where commercial hand sanitizer may not be available:

FORMULATION 1  10-L prep. Active ingredient (v/v) FORMULATION 2 10-L prep. Active ingredient (v/v)
Distilled water added to 10000 mL 18.425% Distilled water added to 10000 mL 23.425%
Ethanol 96% 8333 mL 80% Isopropyl alcohol 99.8% 7515 mL 75%
Glycerol 98% 145 mL 1.45% Glycerol 98% 145 mL 1.45%
Hydrogen peroxide 3% 417 mL 0.125% Hydrogen peroxide 3% 417 mL 0.125%

 

The WHO formulation are less viscous than commercial sanitizer gel, so like alcohol, they are a greater fire hazard.

Consumer alcohol-based hand sanitizers, and health care "hand alcohol" or "alcohol hand antiseptic agents" exist in liquid, foam, and easy-flowing gel formulations. Products with 60% to 95% alcohol by volume are effective antiseptics. Lower or higher concentrations are less effective; most products contain between 60% and 80% alcohol.

In addition to alcohol (ethanol, isopropanol or n-Propanol), hand sanitizers also contain the following:

Hydrogen peroxide may be added to inactivate spores within bottle of hand sanitizer but does not play a role when the hand sanitizer is used.

 

Antimicrobial Products That Are Effective Against Norovirus (Norwalk-Like Virus)
April 8, 2020

For pesticide registration information, review this list from the EPA, "List G: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Norovirus (Norwalk-Like Virus)". 

Notes About This List

  • All EPA-registered pesticides must have an EPA registration number, which consists of a company number and a product number (e.g., 123-45). Alternative brand names have the same EPA registration number as the primary product.
  • When purchasing a product for use against a specific pathogen, check the EPA Reg. No. versus the products included on this list.
  • In addition to primary products, distributors may also sell products with formulations and efficacy identical to the primary products. Distributor products frequently use different brand names, but you can identify them by their three-part EPA registration number (e.g., 123-45-678, which represents a distributor product identical to the product example listed above, EPA Reg. No. 123-45).
  • If you would like to review the product label information for any of these products, please visit the EPA product label system.
  • Information about listed products is current as of the date on this list.
  • Inclusion on this list does not constitute an endorsement by EPA.

View more information about EPA lists of registered antimicrobial products here. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more. 

  • Download List G: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Norovirus (PDF)(6 pp, 130 K, March 4, 2020)
  • Contact the EPA about pesticide labels, to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. 

About The EPA Pesticide Product and Label System

The Pesticide Product and Label System (PPLS) provides a collection of pesticide product labels (Adobe PDF format) that have been accepted by EPA under Section 3 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). New labels were added to PPLS on April 08, 2020.

  • Search EPA Registration, Distributor Product, or Special Local Need Number Here
  • The EPA Registration Number (EPA Reg. No.) appears on all registered pesticides sold in the United States. It is usually found on the back panel of the label along with the detailed instructions for use.
  • Enter the company number (the first set of digits before the dash) to see all products marketed by that company or the entire number (including the dash) to view the label for a particular product.
  • To search by Special Local Need Number, please enter two-letter state abbreviations with or without 6 digit number (i.e. OH123456).
  • Search Buy Product or Alternative Brand Name: Enter the name of the product. As you type, options will be presented to you. Keep in mind that product names may vary, so if you don’t find the product you are looking for, try the EPA Registration Number Search.
  • Search By Company Name: Enter the name of the company. Some companies may have several divisions that manufacture and market pesticides products. You can select among these divisions using the drop-down list or choose the root of the company name (e.g., "Bayer" or "3M") to see products associated with all of the divisions.
  • Search By Company Number: Enter the company number. Please use digit without dash.
  • Search By Chemical Name (Active Ingredient): Enter the name of the chemical (Active Ingredients only) you are interested in. Because there are many naming conventions for chemicals, you can enter the common chemical name of the chemical or other variants, including scientific names or partial names. This search function will help guide you to products that contain that active ingredient.
  • Search By CAS Number Or PC Code: Enter the CAS Number or PC Code you are interested in. You may use the % wild card before and/or after your entry to enter a partial value.

About Pesticide Labels

Regulation Of Pesticide Labels

Information On Pesticide Product Label Topics

Get Help With Pesticide Label Issues

Coronavirus In NY: Amazon Pilots Disinfectant Fog At Staten Island Warehouse
April 7, 2020 | New York Post

Amazon.com Inc told Reuters it is piloting the use of disinfectant fog starting on Tuesday at a warehouse on Staten Island, New York, within days of protests at the worksite over health concerns during the coronavirus pandemic. The world’s largest online retailer said it is testing the practice commonly used by airlines and hospitals to clean facilities further, on top of introducing temperature checks and masks for staff. Last week, 15 workers at the New York warehouse known internally as JFK8 protested to demand the building’s closure following a case of the coronavirus that was reported among staff. An additional demonstration took place Monday. Read more here.

How To Make (And Use) A Disinfectant Against Coronavirus
New York Times | April 7, 2020

Here's a guide to working with sprays, wipes and a bleach-based solution to clean surfaces of the pathogen. 

The coronavirus that causes Covid-19 may survive for several days on some surfaces. Estimates of its life span vary, but the virus can clearly hang around long enough to make disinfecting frequently touched surfaces a priority. Normally, disinfectants, like Lysol and Clorox wipes, are available and would do the trick in cleaning most surfaces of contagions, but many of these items have been widely out of stock across the United States. If you cannot find any of these products, you can make an effective homemade disinfectant from a mixture of water and bleach. Read more here.

EPA Announced New Surface Disinfectant Products Added to List N in Effort to Combat COVID-19
The National Law Review | Saturday, April 4, 2020

On April 2, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the addition of new surface disinfectants on EPA’s List N: Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2 (List N) that may be used to combat SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. List N now contains 357 products. The webpage for List N also now has enhanced functionality to allow users to sort these products by surface type and use site. EPA states that it continues to expedite the review process for new disinfectants.

Previously, all products on List N had to have either an EPA emerging viral pathogen claim or have demonstrated efficacy against another human coronavirus. EPA now has expanded List N to include products on EPA’s List G: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective against Norovirus and List L: Products Effective against the Ebola Virus, as these products also meet EPA’s criteria for use against SARS-CoV-2.

EPA has updated List N to include the types of surfaces on which products can be used (e.g., hard or soft) and use sites (e.g., hospital, institutional or residential). Products applied via fogging or misting are now noted in the formulation column. This additional information allows the public to choose products that are appropriate for their specific circumstances.

Additionally, EPA has updated the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) EPA has posted about disinfectants related to coronavirus. The FAQ update provides new information on pesticide safety, enforcement, and pesticide devices. It also includes enhanced explanations of why List N products are qualified for use against SARS-CoV-2 and how these products can be used most effectively.

EPA states that it has continued to adapt its processes to ensure the supply of disinfectants keeps pace with demand. EPA recently announced additional flexibility that allows manufacturers of already-registered EPA disinfectants to obtain certain active and inert ingredients from any source of suppliers without prior approval by EPA. EPA also added 48 additional chemicals to its list of commodity inert ingredients. EPA states that this regulatory flexibility aims to help ease the production and availability of EPA-registered disinfectants.

EPA also is expediting all requests for company numbers and establishment numbers to enable new pesticide-producing establishments to come online as quickly as possible. 

Additional information on EPA’s efforts to address the novel coronavirus is available here.

Coronavirus Pandemic Sparks Price Surge for Alcohol Used in Hand Sanitizer

April 4, 2020 

A leap in demand for isopropyl alcohol pushes prices to record highs in U.S. and Europe. A key ingredient in hand sanitizers and medical disinfectants has become hard to obtain, triggering its price to surge to an all-time high. Isopropyl-alcohol prices have more than tripled in the U.S. since March 10. Read more here.

Protection For U.S. Consumers From Fraudulent Coronavirus Disinfectant Claims
Posted on April 4, 2020 

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Andrew Wheeler hosted an interactive telephone call with U.S. retailers and third-party marketplace platforms to discuss imposter disinfectant products and those that falsely claim to be effective against the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19. The E.P.A. has threatened legal proceedings against vendors of bogus coronavirus (COVID-19) cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers. While such products might not be harmful, they offer the public a dangerously false sense of protection that could deter social distancing and promote the spread of COVID-19. The federal government is asking online retailers to take unregistered products that falsely claim protection from coronavirus off the market. The EPA has continued to add new surface disinfectant products to List N in an effort to combat COVID-19. Any brand that claims to kill or repel bacteria or viruses should be tested and registered by the E.P.A. and with the federal government. 

Demand For Antiviral Compounds And Bioactive Compounds Surges

March 31, 2020

COVID-19 is novel type of coronavirus that is affecting the entire planet. Viral infections such as COVID-19, continuously imperil worldwide public health because of a shortage of good antiviral therapeutics. Antiviral compounds are deployed against fatal viruses like HIV, Hepatitis C, Human herpesvirus 6 and Hepatitis B

Antiviral compounds (AVCs) are a category of antimicrobial drugs used specially for treating viral infections by inhibiting the development of the viral pathogen inside the host cell. Review a list of antiviral drugs here. Several potent and selective antiviral agents against herpes virus infections have been developed. Research other methods for killing viruses here

Some natural small molecules that could reduce the infectivity of SARS-CoV-2, possibly by inhibiting viral lipid-dependent attachment to host cells, are currently being studied. Companies such as R&D Systems (a brand of Bio-Techne) and Lab Alley sell antiviral compounds online. Firms such as BioGems (PeproTech brand), CPC Scientific, Sigma-Aldrich and R&D Systems sell antiviral compounds and products such as bioactive small molecules, small drug molecules and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Enveloped viruses can be killed by antimicrobial peptides.

The four FDA-approved antiviral flu drugs recommended by CDC to treat the flu are oseltamivir (Tamiflu), zanamivir (Relenza), baloxavir marboxil (trade name Xofluza®) and peramivir (Rapivab). The FDA assists sponsors in the development of antiviral drugs and biological products. 

A bioactive compound is a type of chemical found in small amounts in plants and certain foods. Studies are being conducted to evaluate the medicinal potential of bioactive compounds against COVID-19. Bioactive compounds have actions in the body that may promote good health. They are being studied in the prevention of diseases. Bioactive compounds are substances that have biological activity, related to their ability to modulate one or more metabolic processes. Bioactive compounds such as fatty acids have an effect on the body as a whole or specific tissues or cells. Bioactive compounds have a positive role in human health.

Medium-chain saturated and long-chain unsaturated fatty acids are highly active against enveloped viruses. Bioactive compounds sold online at LabAlley.com include saturated fatty acids such as stearic acid and palmitic acid

U.S. Distilleries Buy Ethanol, Glycerin And Hydrogen Peroxide At LabAlley.com To Make Hand Sanitizers And Handrub Formulations
March 23, 2020

Sales of hand sanitizers in the U.S. are way up. These products are becoming scarce in the face of the growing COVID-19 outbreak. Download the World Health Organization's recipe for recommended handrub formulations here

Distilleries in the U.S. purchase alcohol and ethanol at LabAlley.com to produce a 160-proof clear spirit to use as a hand sanitizer. Get a complete list of distilleries (Including Anheuser-Busch) making hand sanitizers instead of spirits here.  Anheuser-Busch and distilleries are racing to make hand sanitizers amid the Coronavirus pandemic.

American distilleries are assisting their communities by producing their own hand sanitizer using a recipe from the World Health Organization. The recipe "starts with ethanol, which is what we have plenty of in the distillery, then you add glycerin, hydrogen peroxide water and you mix it up," Scott Jendrek, owner of Patapsco Distilling Co. in Sykesville, Maryland, told a local NBC News affiliate.

Coronavirus Resource Hub For Manufacturing Companies
March 23, 2020

Thomas has been the backbone of North American manufacturing for more than 120 years. Visit the Thomas Coronavirus Resource Hub for industrial professionals here. Get information on mission-critical pharmaceutical and medical sourcing options here.

Buy Chemicals For Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Protection 

Coronaviruses are common throughout the world. They can infect people and animals. Anyone can get a coronavirus infection, but young children are most likely to get infected. Groups are working to isolate antibodies from infected people in order to develop blood tests for the virus. There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Read more here.

Bulk Wholesale Chemicals For Homes, Small Businesses And Industrial Uses In The United States

  • Lab Alley is a U.S. based wholesale chemical supplier that also operates an online chemical store at LabAlley.com.
  • Chemicals can be purchased in bulk at low prices.
  • Get a 10% discount code to buy wholesale chemicals online here.
  • To place a wholesale chemical ingredient, antiviral disinfectant or raw material order call 512-668-9918.
  • Buy chemical supplies, scientific instruments and equipment for home chemistry labs here.
  • Get 2020 U.S. chemical industry news, outlooks, prices, trends and business updates here.

2020 U.S. Wholesale Chemical Prices

Finding prices for bulk chemicals at LabAlley.com is not challenging. Prices for bulk chemicals are listed below. Lab Alley maintains a current database of wholesale chemical prices. Lab Alley chemical specialists can answer questions about chemical properties, agricultural chemicals, indicative chemical prices, farming chemicals, pesticides, production applications and industrial chemical safety data. Lab Alley chemical buyers study the chemical industry market to source high quality, but low priced chemicals. Lab Alley sells chemical substances at wholesale prices in order to supply U.S. businesses, farmers and homeowners with the affordable raw materials they need to perform maintenance and manufacture products.

LabAlley.com buys specialty chemicals, fine chemicals, hard to find chemicals and commodity chemicals in bulk quantities from large scale distributors and chemical manufacturers in the United States. Businesses and consumers in America buy wholesale chemical ingredients and chemical products from LabAlley.com at really good prices. Large quantities of chemicals ordered online here are used by manufacturing companies and home based businesses to make products that are sold at retail prices in small quantities.

Guidelines listed below provide chemical engineering information and suggest safer alternatives for ordering wholesale chemicals. If you can not find the right chemical prices below, call Lab Alley at 512-668-9918 to get a wholesale chemical price quote or email customerservice@LabAlley.com.

Buy Isopropyl Alcohol 99%, 70% Alcohol, 70% Isopropyl Alcohol, 91% Isopropyl Alcohol, 100% Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol), Hydrogen Peroxide, Sodium Hypochlorite And Benzalkonium Chloride Online At LabAlley.com To Use Against Coronavirus

EPA-Registered Disinfectants

Download the 2019 Guide To The Business Of Chemistry

Chemistry is essential to the U.S. economy and plays a pivotal role in the formation of revolutionary new products that make the lives of Americans a healthier and better place. The guide is provided by the American Chemical Society

Chemical Safety Questions And Answers

If you have questions regarding the personal safety and health ramifications of the cosmetic ingredients, science chemicals, bulk chemicals, food grade additiveslab chemicals, natural pool chemicals, lawn chemicals or janitorial cleaning products you want to buy, call 512-668-9918 or email customerservice@LabAlley.com. If you can not find the chemical or ingredient you are looking for, contact us and we may be able to special order it for you. 

U.S. Chemical Ingredients, Shipping Information, Payment Options, Bulk Prices, Wholesale Orders And Discounts

  • Bulk chemicals, large packages of ingredients and raw materials are typically shipped and transported by Lab Alley in the U.S. by UPS, FedEx, LTL and FTL (TL). 
  • Inquire about U.S. wholesale prices and bulk prices for chemical ingredients by calling 512-668-9918 or emailing customerservice@laballey.com 
  • Pay for wholesale chemicals by credit card, debit card, check, PayPal or cash in the U.S. Credit cards include Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Discover.
  • Use a 10% Discount Code to buy wholesale chemicals online in the U.S. 

Wholesale Science Chemicals, Wholesale Approved Food Grade Solvents And Wholesale Laboratory Acids For Sale Online In The U.S.

2020 Wholesale Chemical Prices In U.S. Dollars, Updated 04/07/2020

Uses For High Purity Chemical Compounds, USDA Organic Ingredients And Food Grade Solvents And Acids Purchased In Bulk

Wholesale Chemical Prices And Chemical Industry Information

2020 U.S. Chemical Industry News

October 2019 Spot Ethylene Prices

In October of 2019, U.S. spot ethylene prices jumped nearly 20% in Texas and Louisiana to the mid-20 cents/lb level. In 2018, Texas ethylene’s highest price was 29 cents per pound (cpp).

Chemical Activity Barometer Is Stable In December, 2019

The Chemical Activity Barometer (CAB), a leading economic indicator created by the American Chemistry Council (ACC), was stable (0.0 percent change) in December, 2019 on a three-month moving average (3MMA) basis following a 0.1 percent gain in November. On a year-over-year (Y/Y) basis, the barometer rose 0.4 percent (3MMA) and follows two months of negative year-earlier comparisons.  

IBISWorld Market Research Report: Chemical Wholesaling Industry In The US

May 2019: Profit margins have remained stagnant despite volatile commodity prices. As a key intermediary between chemical manufacturers and downstream industry, the Chemical Wholesaling industry plays an important role in the chemical supply chain. Operators in this industry buy chemicals from manufacturers and redistribute them as raw materials to manufacturers of products that require chemical inputs. The construction and manufacturing sectors are the key customers for chemical wholesalers and, as a result, their production levels largely determine industry demand. As overall conditions have improved in the US economy, downstream demand has grown, boosting industry production over the five years to 2019. Read more here.

Chemical Pricing, Sources And Research Guides From The University Of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries

Get information on finding current and historical chemical pricing data, industry analyses and reports, and chemical vendors. Get current chemical prices, historic chemical prices, chemical vendors and suppliers and chemical information here.

Finding Current Chemical Prices in Trade Journals

Current prices for bulk industrial chemicals are often reported in trade journals such as Chemical Week and ICIS Chemical Business (formerly Chemical Market Reporter). Search the journals by limitng the publication name and then adding the keywords. Search for the name of the chemical or the chemical abbreviation and keyword terms such as "price" and "production." Read more here.

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering: Bulk Chemical Prices

To get today's prices, you really have to call a supplier, or pay for the ICIS price reports. But the method below will get you pricing outlooks published in ICIS Chemical Business in the last three months. Read more here.

Producer Price Indexes - November 2019

Prices for industrial chemicals declined.

About Lab Alley

Lab Alley is a wholesale chemical company located in Austin, Texas. In 2019, many of our wholesale customers ordered high purity solvents such as food grade ethanol in 55 gallon drums and ethanol (95%) denatured with heptane (5%) in 55 gallon drums for $700. Cosmetic makers order 4 liter bottles of Trichloroacetic Acid 25% for $333 to make skin peels here. Nitric acid is purchased at wholesale prices in bulk for gold refining and by jewelers hereCosmetic Grade Hydroquinone Powder is purchased in bulk by beauticians for skin whitening and skin brightening for $62 here. Homeowners and gardeners ordered 4 x 1 gallon cases of 35% food grade hydrogen peroxide for $160 here.

How To Order Wholesale Chemicals And Wholesale Supplies In The United States

Wholesale chemicals for sale at LabAlley.com can be purchased online here, by calling 512-668-9918 or by emailing customerservice@laballey.com. Private individuals, small business owners and purchasing managers located in the U.S. can legally buy chemicals at wholesale prices at LabAlley.com. Shop for wholesale lab chemicals online or contact us to see if Lab Alley can provide a specialty chemical solution for your specific application.

Lab Alley is one of the most trusted chemical wholesalers and raw materials suppliers in the U.S. due to a wide selection of high quality products and long-standing working relationships with outstanding clients, chemical manufacturers, warehouses, logistics firms and chemical distribution services located throughout North America. Lab Alley is a wholesale chemical supplier that sells to individual and small business in all 50 states. 

Approved Ingredients And Raw Materials For Making Cosmetics, Skin Care Products, Creams And Personal Care Products

LabAlley.com sells a wide variety of approved and safe ingredients and raw materials for skin care products that relieve skin conditions, support skin integrity and enhance its appearance. Wholesome substances and invigorating compounds ordered at LabAlley.com are used to make skin care and cosmetic products that cleanse and beautify. Cosmetic makers and personal care product manufacturers order natural products and food grade chemical compounds at LabAlley.com to make substances and products that are applied to the body and face. These healthy products alter and enhance the fragrance, appearance and texture of the body and face. One of the most popular products ordered in bulk is USDA Certified Organic Coconut Oil sold in 5 gallon pails.

Ingredients in today's skin care products include citric acid, alpha-hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, laboratory grade lactic acid, hydroquinone, retinol, clay, kojic acid, oils, salicylic acid, copper peptide and others. Some of the of common skin care ingredients, cosmetic ingredients, raw materials and personal care product ingredients sold online at LabAlley.com are listed below. Buy safer cosmetic and skin care ingredients here.

Common U.S. Chemicals, Raw Materials And Food Grade Ingredients Sold At Wholesale Prices In Bulk Quantities Online At LabAlley.com

Some of the most common industrial chemicals used in the United States in 2019 that were ordered online at LabAlley.com included isopropyl alcoholnitric acidethylene, ethanol, hydrochloric acidsulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, phosphoric acid, formaldehyde, liquid mercurychloroform, methanol, propylene glycol, hydrofluoric acid, ethyl acetate, heptanesodium bicarbonate, pentane,acetone, sodium hydroxide, bulk USDA Organic MCT Oil, citric acid and sodium chloride.

Information On The Chemical Industry In The United States

In the U.S. there are 170 major chemical companies. They operate internationally with more than 2,800 facilities outside the U.S. and 1,700 foreign subsidiaries or affiliates operating. The U.S. chemical output is $750 billion a year. The U.S. industry records large trade surpluses and employs more than a million people in the United States alone. The chemical industry is also the second largest consumer of energy in manufacturing and spends over $5 billion annually on pollution abatement. 

More U.S. Chemical Industry Information

  • Get a good overview of 2019 Global chemical industry mergers and acquisitions here.
  • Learn about the major chemical markets and get a perspective on world chemical outlooks, here
  • View the U.S. chemical products price index from 2008 to 2018 here
  • Get the latest U.S. chemical industry news here.
  • Learn why U.S. chemical production in the U.S. is expected to surge over the next five years here

Safe Wholesale Chemicals, Bulk Natural Ingredients And Large Quantities Of Organic Raw Materials

Because retail chemical stores in the U.S. have gone out of business, or are phasing out certain chemicals, many chemicals buyers are ordering bulk chemicals at LabAlley.com. Americans have become increasingly uncomfortable with the word "chemical" due to publicity about carcinogenic chemicals and for good reason. Certain man-made chemicals such as benzene and arsenic are known human carcinogens

As if a sign of the times, the popularity of the toy chemistry set has declined and so has the public's opinion of chemicals in general. During the 1960s, safety-conscious Americans started shying away from chemicals in any form. The Federal Hazardous Substances Labeling Act of 1960 required labels for toxic and dangerous substances. The Toy Safety Act of 1969 removed lead paint from toys but also took its toll on the sale of kid's chemistry sets. The creation of the Consumer Product Safety Commission in 1972 and the passing of the Toxic Substances Control Act in 1976 resulted in further limits on the contents of educational chemistry sets. The rise in consumer protection laws started to reform public opinion on the values and usages of chemicals. Now parents can no longer go down to their local chemical shop or hobby shop and buy a chemistry kit. Chemistry sets and science kits for children can still be purchased online here. Home experimentation is inspiring to would-be scientists and inventors. Safe chemicals can be purchased at wholesale prices for school and home science experiments at LabAlley.com. Chemicals for high school chemistry labs and home laboratories can be purchased online here.

LabAlley.com has become a leading advocate and supplier of safer chemicals, benign lawn care productsnatural Kid Safe And Pet Safe pool cleaners, organic cosmetic ingredients, unadulterated raw materials for fertilizers and plant nutrition, eco-friendly pest control chemicals and natural insecticidal productsFCC Grade food additivesfood grade chemicals and solvents.

Diatomaceous earth, sold at wholesale prices at LabAlley.com, is a natural compound that is an effective insecticide against root maggots and slugs. This fine white powder is sold in 2.2 pound (1 Kilogram) bags for $43 here.

Safer and less toxic substitutes for benzene, such as diethyl ether, chloroform, pentane and 1,4-dioxane, are available at wholesale prices from LabAlley.com. Medicinal plant and botanical extraction facilities in the U.S. buy food grade ethanol (100% ethyl alcohol) in 55 gallon drums for $700 here. U.S. firms that manufacture polymeric materials or use industrial solvents in massive quantities buy chloroform in 55 gallon drums for $2,490 here.

A national organization, founded in 2019, to protect families from toxic chemicals is Safer Chemicals Healthy Families. This group created a campaign called "Mind the Store" that helps to convince retailers to take a hard stand and ensure that consumer products and packaging are free of harmful chemicals. The campaign director applauded Lowe’s for making an important commitment to drive toxic PFAS out of residential carpets and rugs. Lab Alley is an industrial chemical supplier that does not sell man-made Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) such as PFOA, GenX and PFOS.

One of the most popular chemicals bought at wholesale prices is citric acid. Food grade citric acid is used in large quantities as a food additive, flavor ingredient and personal care product ingredient. FCC Grade (Food Grade) citric acid can be purchased in bulk 50 pound containers for $611 here.

Toxic chemicals, such as pesticides, affect most communities in the United States.  Safer chemical alternatives should be used, whenever possible, to make food, consumer products, cosmetic ingredients, building materials, clothes, medicine and beverages. Finding replacements for toxic chemicals and truly safer alternatives can be challenging. Call 512-887-7204 to talk with a chemical safety specialist to discuss your wholesale chemical purchasing options. 

91% Isopropyl Alcohol Spray

You can make a 91% Isopropyl Alcohol Spray to deactivate the Coronavirus and to kill bacteria. 91% Isopropyl Alcohol Solution sold online here is a powerful cleaning agent. The novel virus (COVID-19) is one of the easiest virus types to deactivate. To avoid the transmission of COVID-19, wash your hands for at more than 20 seconds with soap and water. Enveloped viruses like SARS-CoV-2 that rely on a protective lipid coating are the easiest type to deactivate. You can also make buy 91% Isopropyl Alcohol here to make your own sprays, hand sanitizers and cleaning wipes. 91% Isopropyl Alcohol Sprays prevent the risk of infection in minor cuts, scrapes and burns. You can make your own Isopropyl 91% Alcohol first aid antiseptic spray. Buy 91% Isopropyl Alcohol online at LabAlley.com and put it in a spray bottle. It is that simple. 91% Isopropyl Alcohol Spray is a first aid and sterilization spray used for minor scrapes and cuts. 91% Isopropyl Alcohol Spray is used for sterilizing items for use during first aid. To clean a wound with 91% Isopropyl Alcohol, apply it to the affected area before applying a bandage. Instead of trying to buy 91 Isopropyl Alcohol Spray from Walgreens, CVS, Ace Hardware or Amazon, make you own. You can also use 91% Isopropyl Alcohol to make hand sanitizer and cleaning wipes. Mix two-thirds of a cup of 91% isopropyl alcohol with one-third of a cup of an emollient such as aloe vera.

Best Selling Chemicals In Stock | Current U.S. Chemical Prices (U.S. Dollars, 04/07/20)

Laboratory Glassware, Laboratory Supplies And Laboratory Equipment For Sale

Shop online for the most respected brands of laboratory glassware, botanical extraction equipment, laboratory glassware for school chemistry labs, lab supplies and lab equipment for scientific work, production work or household use at LabAlley.com.

Lab Alley is a laboratory glassware, plasticware, labware, scientific glass and chemical supplier located in Austin, Texas. Contact our laboratory glassware company to request a laboratory glassware list in PDF form, a laboratory glassware price list or a lab glass catalog. Call 512-668-9918 to speak with a laboratory glassware specialist or email customerservice@laballey.com

Buy safe laboratory glassware at LabAlley.com to manufacture your own 'DIY' essential oils, fertilizer, cosmetics, pool chemicals, skin care products, distillates, botanical extracts, soaps, perfume, essential oils, cologne, personal care products and herbal extracts.

Laboratory glassware is used extensively laboratories, homes, workshops, industry, science and commercial and residential kitchens in the U.S. Lab glassware supplies are sold in a variety of sizes and shapes. Contact us if you have any questions about identifying the right laboratory glassware for your intended application. Review a laboratory equipment buyer's guide here. Browse laboratory supplies and equipment here.

Buy the best brands of laboratory glassware and lab supplies online at LabAlley.com. Laboratory glassware for sale here is shipped FedEx in USA. Laboratory glassware ordered online here is used for scientific work, botanical extraction and distillation, homes and kitchens. Choose from the best brands of laboratory glassware including Kimble, Corning, PYREX and Kontes. Buy borosilicate glass chemistry beakers and flasks online at LabAlley.com.

What Inhibits And Inactivates Viruses?

What Does Not Kill The Coronavirus